Orientation and Mobility: Part 1


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This presentation by Stephanie Bissonette was given at the 2005 ADVISOR workshop

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Orientation and Mobility: Part 1

  1. 1. <ul><li>Orientation is knowing where you are, where you are going and how to get there. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility means moving from one place to another. </li></ul><ul><li>Certified O&M Instructors teach children with visual impairments to travel independently. </li></ul><ul><li>Section A for parents, B for professionals and C for doctors. </li></ul>Orientation & Mobility (O&M)
  2. 2. <ul><li>What is O&M? (see previous slide #1) </li></ul><ul><li>Who provides O&M services? ( check your state link) </li></ul><ul><li>How can I help my child be more independent? (consult an O&M instructor) </li></ul><ul><li>What is sighted guide? (see slide #13) </li></ul><ul><li>Does a child with visual impairments and who uses a wheelchair need O&M? (sometimes) </li></ul><ul><li>Does my child need a cane? (depends on degree of functional sight, consult an O&M instructor) </li></ul><ul><li>When should my child learn to use a cane? (when the walk independently, consult an O&M instructor) </li></ul><ul><li>At what age should a child receive O&M services? (sometimes as soon as they are rolling over, depends on your state services) </li></ul><ul><li>Where and what do O&M lessons look like through the childhood years? (from independence in the home, to the schools, in your neighborhood and finally in your community, consult an O&M instructor) </li></ul>FAQ's
  3. 3. <ul><li>Detailed O&M definition </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of O&M lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Hadley Distance Ed. O&M Courses </li></ul><ul><li>2 O&M Videos </li></ul><ul><li>AFB’s O&M Prime </li></ul><ul><li>Reaching, Crawling, Walking… </li></ul><ul><li>Pathways to Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Sighted Guide Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Dog Guide Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing Canes </li></ul><ul><li>National Agenda </li></ul>FOR PARENTS Section A
  4. 4. <ul><li>Holds head up while on stomach. </li></ul><ul><li>Bears weight on hands/forearms while on stomach, lifting chest off floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Sits self-supported for short periods. </li></ul><ul><li>Moves into and out of sitting position independently. </li></ul><ul><li>Pulls to a stand. </li></ul><ul><li>Moves forward in space (creeps, crawls, scoots). </li></ul><ul><li>Reaches with one hand from crawl ( maintaining a 3 point balance). </li></ul><ul><li>Steps sideways while holding on to a stationary object. </li></ul><ul><li>Stands unsupported momentarily. </li></ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Rolling or catching a ball. </li></ul><ul><li>Propelling self on a bike. </li></ul><ul><li>Running </li></ul><ul><li>Jumping </li></ul>Typical Gross Motor Delays for Children with V.I. (Oregon Project)
  5. 5. Detailed definition of O&M
  7. 7. www.hadley-school.org 2 HADLEY O&M DISTANCE EDUCATION COURSES
  8. 8. www.vips.org
  9. 9. www.vips.org
  10. 10. www.afb.org/store Contains a description of O&M, what family members can do, and FAQ’s,
  11. 11. <ul><li>Reaching, Crawling Walking…Let’s Get Moving O&M for Preschool Children </li></ul><ul><li>Move with Me:…movement for babies with visual impairments </li></ul><ul><li>Standing on My Own Two Feet (designing & constructing mobility devices) </li></ul><ul><li>www.blindcntr.org/bcc </li></ul>
  12. 12. Parent handbook for families with infants & toddlers. www.lighthouse.org
  13. 13. <ul><li>A technique in which a blind person is led or guided by a sighted person and both walk in a designated position (AFB’s O&M Primer 1989). </li></ul><ul><li>Consult with your local O&M Instructor or Teacher of the Visually Impaired for the details and a demonstration. </li></ul>SIGHTED GUIDE TECHNIQUE
  14. 14. <ul><li>Check the list of dog guide schools on the www.afb.org website. </li></ul><ul><li>Click on “Where Can I Find?” </li></ul><ul><li>Type in “Dog Guide Training.” </li></ul><ul><li>Click the “find” button. </li></ul>DOG GUIDES
  15. 15. <ul><li>www.ambutech.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.californiacanes.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.maxiaids.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.advantagecanes.com </li></ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul>PURCHASING CANES
  16. 16. Goal #8 address the need for O&M instruction, as part of the core curriculum for visually impaired children. www.afb.org /store The National Agenda (2004) … formerly published as…
  17. 17. <ul><li>Oregon Project </li></ul><ul><li>2 PE books about inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Peabody Mobility Kit for Infants & Toddlers </li></ul><ul><li>Preschool O&M Screening </li></ul><ul><li>Perkins Activity Resource Guide for students with Multiple Disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching O&M in the School </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Tales </li></ul><ul><li>TAPS </li></ul><ul><li>Picture Maker </li></ul><ul><li>Finding Wheels </li></ul><ul><li>Old Resources </li></ul>FOR PROFESSIONALS Section B
  18. 18. For ages birth to Five www.jacksoneds.k12.or.us (Some details on next slides) For ages birth to five: