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DEVELOPMENTAL ASSESSMENT: ROLE OF THE TEACHER OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED/DEAFBLIND

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This powerpoint presentation by Tom Miller from the Perkins School for the Blind was presented at the 2005 ADVISOR Workshop.

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DEVELOPMENTAL ASSESSMENT: ROLE OF THE TEACHER OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED/DEAFBLIND

  1. 1. DEVELOPMENTAL ASSESSMENT: ROLE OF THE TEACHER OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED/DEAFBLIND ADVISOR WORKSHOP 2005 Tom Miller Perkins School for the Blind
  2. 2. DEVELOPMENTAL ASSESSMENT <ul><li>Role of vision in development </li></ul><ul><li>Vision loss impacts all developmental areas </li></ul><ul><li>Ophthalmological assessments--- low vision assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Functional Vision assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Media Assessment </li></ul>
  3. 3. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>Sight is the sense through which the brain receives 75% of its information. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>Sight is made possible by the eye serving as a channel through which visual information is received. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>The eye collects information about size, shape, color and it sends it to the brain for interpretation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>The process by which the brain interprets information is called vision. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>Vision is the fastest and most efficient sense for receiving information. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>In infancy and early childhood, the role of vision is to: </li></ul><ul><li>MOTIVATE </li></ul><ul><li>GUIDE and </li></ul><ul><li>VERIFY the child’s interaction with others and the environment. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>A visual impairment creates a problem of ACCESS. </li></ul><ul><li>A loss of the INCIDENTAL LEARNING we all take for granted. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Role of Vision in Early Development <ul><li>Without intervention hearing and touch do not equal vision in terms of the quality of information received. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Role of Assessment <ul><li>Assessment should include information about how a child learns, not just about what a child is able to do. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Role of Assessment <ul><li>Assessment identifies the child’s current level of functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment results in the setting of developmentally appropriate goals for the child </li></ul>
  13. 13. Role of Assessment <ul><li>Assessment should include information from multiple sources </li></ul><ul><li>Medical </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers and others involved in the child’s daily care or educational program </li></ul>
  14. 14. Role of Assessment <ul><li>Assessment should look at how a child learns across multiple settings/tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Indoors, outdoors, group or individual activities, movement or sitting activities, etc. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Assessment Components <ul><li>Review medical information </li></ul><ul><li>Crucial to assessment of young children with visual impairments is understanding ophthalmological and low vision report information </li></ul>
  16. 16. Assessment Components <ul><li>Interviews and Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain information from caregivers, early intervention or educational staff about child’s interaction with adults, peers, and objects within home or school activities. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Assessment Components <ul><li>Perform a functional vision evaluation to determine how a child is using their vision across multiple tasks and environments </li></ul><ul><li>To determine ways to enhance visual efficiency or compensatory skill use to access learning. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Assessment Components <ul><li>Perform a developmental assessment to determine child’s current level of functioning and to set developmentally appropriate goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Most common developmental assessments are: The Oregon Project and INSITE </li></ul>
  19. 19. Assessment Components <ul><li>Areas of Assessment include; </li></ul><ul><li>Gross motor/Orientation and Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Fine Motor– hand skills </li></ul><ul><li>Communication– Expressive and Receptive </li></ul>
  20. 20. Assessment Components <ul><li>Areas of Assessment include; </li></ul><ul><li>Cognition– Pre and Academic Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Social Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Self Help Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Compensatory Skills– Learning style </li></ul>
  21. 21. Assessment Components <ul><li>Adequate assessment requires a team approach </li></ul><ul><li>Medical professionals– teachers of the visually impaired or deafblind–- caregivers and other educators or therapists all contribute essential information to the comprehensive assessment of a child with visual impairments </li></ul>

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