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Science Information Literacy Tutorials and Pedagogy


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This presentation followed by discussion was delivered on wed Wed 7th Sep 2011, during the Journal Club meeting at the infolit iSchool, the virtual space of the University of Sheffield in the UK

Published in: Education, Technology

Science Information Literacy Tutorials and Pedagogy

  1. 1. Loreena Sandalwood a.k.a. Eleni Zazani Infolit ischool, Wed 7th Sep 2011 ScienceInformation LiteracyTutorials and Pedagogy
  2. 2. Today we discuss: Science Information Literacy Tutorials and Pedagogy. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, North America, 6, jun. 2011. Available at:< /EBLIP/article/view/9480/8128>
  3. 3. This article examines ... ALA/ACRL/STS (Science & Technology ACRL IL Standards Section) Task Force on IL for Science & Technology Pedagogical Elements Science Tutorials 31 tutorials examined
  4. 4. ACRL Standards addressed:Source: LI, P.. Science Information Literacy Tutorials and Pedagogy. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, North America, 6,jun. 2011. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 04 Sep. 2011.
  5. 5. Good Pedagogical ElementsSource: LI, P.. Science Information Literacy Tutorials and Pedagogy. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, NorthAmerica, 6, jun. 2011. Available at: <>. Dateaccessed: 04 Sep. 2011.
  6. 6. 1. Pedagogical Elements analysed Options for users to • Table of contents select their own paths • Menus through information • Internal navigation tools (e.g. Arrows, buttons, etc) • Logical progression of the tutorial Clearly presented • Page design elements (e.g. arrows, highlighting, small Information icons, variety of font sizes, etc.) • Quizzes at the end of tutorialActive learning Elements • Quizzes that require use of a separate browser • Integrated self-assessment questions Critical thinking • Request feedback
  7. 7. Best tutorial examined was...
  8. 8. Some conclusions• Tutorials examined focus on the I, II, III STS standards:• More work needs to be done re IV & V Standards (ethical, legal issues, lifelong learning process)• Designers have seen the importance of good pedagogy• The amount of Active Learning elements incorporated is not satisfactory
  9. 9. Some conclusions...(2) • A challenging point: Do online tutorials facilitate deep learningFurther Reading on UK online IL:Information Literacy Weblog: Online information literacy
  10. 10. The following slides incorporate theparticipants input from the discussion anonymously
  11. 11. Discussion...• Do you include any other pedagogical elements in your online tutorials?• Would you consider the usage of Accessibility elements good pedagogical practice?• Did you watch any tutorial recently that you loved and might want to share with us?
  12. 12. Critique – missing elementsParticipants felt that the“pedagogic” analysis wasn’tparticularly strong, meaningthat the elements examinedwere rather limited.On the other hand, Sundin, O.(2008)*proposes a differentapproach to analysingtutorials, where he looksmore at the underlyingpedagogic approach andlearning goals involved. *See reference in the “More reading” slides at the end
  13. 13. Critique – missing elementsIt was thought it wouldhave been very informativeif the article had followed asystematic review for eachtutorial, including asummary about how eachtutorial met each criterion
  14. 14. Critique – missing elementsThe article focused entirely onscience-related tutorials. It wasthought however that it missedto examine Instructionalstrategies which are combinedwith "Collections of tutorialsthat cover diverse topics orhave multiple instructionalpurposes“perhaps in this case tutorialsdid not qualify as beingprimarily "science" tutorials ifthey had many diverse topics
  15. 15. Critique – missing elementsParticipants also felt that thestudent perspective wasmissing from this analysis.A good example-tutorial whichincorporates interactive learningelements is LILOLearning Information Literacy Online
  16. 16. Student Interaction in LILO Students are presented with sample model answers, but their own answers are assignment and research topic specific, so their responses are original. They compare their responses to the model-answers and fill out a rubric indicating where they think their skill lies on the rubric scale. The same rubrics can be used for self-assessment by the instructor or librarian as well.
  17. 17. LILO explained... • a short video • It was also added to the PRIMO database as one of the best tutorials. • LILO is linked to coursework and hence is intrinsically motivating • LILO was based on LOBO model
  18. 18. LILO on PRIMO Source: Primo Database: public/search.cfm Best Tutorial
  19. 19. What PRIMO is?Peer Reviewed Instructional Materials Online
  20. 20. The PRIMO committee • evaluates nominated examples of good online- instruction. • The committee solicits 2/year for nominations. • Then, the committee reviews each viable nomination according to the criteria. • Those that meet the criteria best are added to the database (and sometimes profiled in a "Site of the Month" interview) Check the site of the Month!PRIMO Selection Criteria
  21. 21. The PRIMO wiki page lists Standards addressed by the various tutorials Visit the Wiki page
  22. 22. LOBO -Library Online Basic Orientation LOBO PRIMO tutorial Mapped to ACRL standards with instruction in modules Helps students make progress in their research It has the usual modules, but what is new is no “canned” answers and it is really a productivity tutorial Lobo was a PRIMO Site of the Month tutorial
  23. 23. More about LOBOStudents love theguidance in LILO orLOBO... there is anassignment calculator thattells them when each stepshould start and ideallyfinishBUT it takes a ton of workto get classroominstructors to followthrough.
  24. 24. Discussion points...“Active learning” is not acriterion in PRIMOTutorials with “canned”answers, e.g. testing tutorials,have limited interactivityLibrarians are more used todoing demonstrations - thus,easy to incorporate Standard 2,into the tutorials (AcquiringInformation effectively &efficiently)Many tutorials are paperhandouts that have beentransformed into web pages....OOPS
  25. 25. Some more discussion points...The issue of tutorials being infavour of certain aspects of ILhas come up in other studiesIt is always a challenge to meetthe ethical use standard, evenin face-to-face IL instructionGood interactivity in onlinetutorials might boost studentengagement with the learningmaterials, rather than justsitting and reading the screenlibrary tutorials might be seenas irrelevant because theimplications/relations to coursework are not clear/understood
  26. 26. Some more discussion points...Especially younger collegestudents dont see the tutorial’srelevance unless its subject isdirectly connected to what theystudyIf the tutorial is a requiredelement of a course it is alsomotivatingInstructors must be on boardthroughout the researchprocess if online tutorials areused for the module“Interactive" or "active" doesntnecessarily mean that peopleare learning........ OOPS!
  27. 27. Some more discussion points...A suite of complementarytutorials has been used asan instructional strategy inmany instances with the“how to...” tutorials e.g.challenging students to becritical thinkers, etc.
  28. 28. Mark Hepworth’s ResearchMark is a faculty member in theDepartment of Information Science,Loughborough University.He recently posted on the lis-infoliteracy discussion list to say thathe had been evaluating "e-learningsites for information literacy"."70 Higher Education (HE) sites and 7from the workplace, were identifiedand screened, 30 were evaluated in-depth"Read more in Sheila Webber’s blogA list of his top-ranked tutorials arealso listed below
  29. 29. Accessibility Accessibility, without doubt, is an important element that it needs to be considered while creating online tutorials
  30. 30. Celebrate one year Journal club meetings • It was a great honour for me to lead such a lively discussion on the anniversary of the first year of monthly Journal club meetings! • We marked the occasion with colourful fireworks at the end!
  31. 31. More about the Journal Club MeetingsJournal club discussions aretaking place in Infolit iSchool inSecond Life, the virtual world,hosted by the Centre forInformation Literacy Research atthe University of Sheffield.Future events are announced inSheila Webber’s InformationLiteracy weblog and on the infolitischool calendarFollow Sheila’s post to see somesnippets of the first Journal Clubdiscussion led by the conveyor ofthe Journal Club, Pancha Enzyme(a.k.a. Marshall Dozier)
  32. 32. More Reading.. Articles on Tutorials* Bowles-Terry, M., Hensley, M.K. & Hinchliffe, L.J., (2010). Best Practices for Online Video Tutorials in Academic Libraries: A Study of Student Preferences and Understanding. Communications in Information Literacy, 4(1), p.17-28. Available at: &page=article&op=viewFile&path[]=Vol4- 2010AR1&path[]=112 . [Date accessed 17 February 2012]. Dewald, Nancy. (1999a). “Transporting Good Library Instruction Practices into the Web Environment: An Analysis of Online Tutorials.” Journal of Academic Librarianship, 1999a 25(1), 26-32. Lindsay, Elizabeth Blakesley, et. al. (2006). If you build it, will they learn? Assessing online information literacy tutorials. College and Research Libraries. Link to article list is only a sample out of the wealth of articles available. These wererecommended by the participants during the meeting
  33. 33. More Reading.. Articles on Tutorials* Oakleaf, Megan. (2008). "Planning, Building, and Assessing an Online Information Literacy Tutorial: The LOBO Experience." In Information Literacy Programs in the Digital Age: Educating College and University Students Online. Alice Daugherty and Michael F. Russo, eds. available at df Oakleaf, Megan. (2009) "The Information Literacy Instruction. Assessment Cycle: A Guide for Increasing Student Learning and Improving Librarian Instructional Skills." Journal of Documentation 65(4) Roberts, Gary. (2003)“The Yin and Yang of Integrating TILT with Blackboard.” Computers in Libraries, vol. 23(8), p. 10-56. Sharon Yang, (2009) "Information literacy online tutorials: An introduction to rationale and technological tools in tutorial creation", Electronic Library, The, Vol. 27(4), pp.684 – 693The list is only a sample out of the wealth of articles available. These wererecommended by the participants during the meeting
  34. 34. More Reading.. Articles on Tutorials* Sullivan, Patrick. (2004). Developing Freshman- Level Tutorials to Promote Information Literacy. Chap. 3 in Ilene F. Rockman and Associates, Eds., Integrating Information Literacy into the Higher Education Curriculum: Practical Models for Transformation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, pp. 71-91. Sundin, O. (2008). Negotiations on information seeking expertise: a study of web-based tutorials for information literacy.• Journal of documentation, 64(1), 24-44. Tancheva, K., (2003). Online Tutorials for Library Instruction: An Ongoing Project Under Constant Revision. ACRL Eleventh National Conference Learning to Make a Difference. Available at: ent/conferences/pdf/tancheva.PDF [Date accessed 17 February 2012].The list is only a sample out of the wealth of articles available. These wererecommended by the participants during the meeting
  35. 35. More exploring...... Sample TutorialsMark Hepworth’s list of top-ranked Tutorials: University of Sydney, Australia ns/Academic/Library/information- skills/infoskills/index.html University of Newcastle, Australia University of Leicester, United Kingdom (moved their pages to a new content management system and all the tutorials are being remade to reflect the changes to their underlying systems. Nevertheless, there are various tutorials etc. linked from this page University of Leeds, United Kingdom Queensland University of Technology, Australia Open University, United Kingdom
  36. 36. More exploring...... Sample Tutorials Towards the end of the discussion Three more tutorials were mentioned: “Search and Write”: To read more the “Search and Write” tutorial and underlying pedagogies you may want to follow the Journal club discussion - presentation on didacticrelationmodeldiscussion The discussion is based on Skagen, T.,Torras, M., Kavli, S., Mikki, S., Hafstad, S., & Hunskår, I. (2009). Pedagogical Considerations in Developing an Online Tutorial in Information Literacy. Communications in Information Literacy, 2(2). Available at w/Fall2008AR2/74 The misadventures of Carlos and his pal Eddie (scripted personas)"Bruin Success with Less Stress" ANTS: Animated Tutorial Sharing Project (open source sharing of IL tutorials)
  37. 37. Thank you for coming along and for contributing to the discussion with so many ideas!Eleni Zazani, Learning Support Adviser at Birkbeck College Library, I am tweeting as @EleniZazani