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Brough Turner's Presentation at eComm 2009

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Structural Bypass - A Simple, Proven Path to "Real Broadband"

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Brough Turner's Presentation at eComm 2009

  1. 2. Structural Bypass <ul><li>A simple, proven path to “Real Broadband” </li></ul>Brough Turner Founder & CTO Ashtonbrooke
  2. 3. Real Broadband – 100/100 Mbps Amsterdam $127
  3. 4. Real Broadband – 100/100 Mbps Tokyo $ 61 Amsterdam $127
  4. 5. Real Broadband – 100/100 Mbps Hong Kong $ 35 Tokyo $ 61 Amsterdam $127
  5. 6. Real Broadband – 100/100 Mbps http://www.flickr.com/photos/neaners/8457858 Seoul $ 24 Hong Kong $ 35 Tokyo $ 61 Amsterdam $127
  6. 7. Real Broadband – 100/100 Mbps Pictures courtesy Lars Hedberg, The Swedish Urban Network Association Stockholm $ 11 Seoul $ 24 Hong Kong $ 35 Tokyo $ 61 Amsterdam $127
  7. 8. Real Broadband – 100/100 Mbps Stockholm $ 11 Seoul $ 24 Hong Kong $ 35 Tokyo $ 6 Amsterdam $127 New York City N/A
  8. 9. NYC loosing ground? <ul><li>Network NY City: Building the Broadband City </li></ul><ul><ul><li>22 pages, published May 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words: “fiber” occurs 139 times ; “dark fiber” occurs 13 times </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New York City Broadband Landscape and Recommendations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23 pages, draft circulated July 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words: “fiber” occurs 3 times; “dark fiber” appears 0 times </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Open access at what layer? Stockholm, > 300 ISPs Tokyo, 11 ISPs
  10. 11. So we argue net neutrality US vertically integrated duopolists Stockholm, > 300 ISPs Tokyo, 11 ISPs Layer 0 Layer 2 Layer 3
  11. 12. Local right-of-way bottleneck
  12. 13. Right of way usage issues Swedish Urban Network Association
  13. 14. Facilities competition a joke Triple play can’t fund players with < 20% share Video/TV Internet Phone Fiber network Marginal cost of services Costs Revenues
  14. 15. Useful life of BB elements Moore’s law dominates
  15. 16. Building a Broadband City Structural Separation
  16. 17. Building a Broadband City Public service; regulated monopoly; condo association Open access to dark fiber
  17. 18. Politically “impossible” <ul><li>One precedent – </li></ul><ul><li>US Bell System 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-decade saga </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1913 Kingsbury commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecom act of 1934 regulates telecom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1949 antitrust suit  1956 consent degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1969 FCC Carterphone decision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1960s, 70s – technology advances lead corporations to demand increased communications flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1970s – Bell System jealous of computer industry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1974 illegal practices lawsuit  1982 consent decree </li></ul>
  18. 19. Strong telco lobby <ul><li>Municipal WiFi interest – 2003 to 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Telco lobbies respond </li></ul><ul><li>States erect barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>January 2005: 14 states have laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 2006: 15 new laws proposed 4 already enacted </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Structural Bypass <ul><li>Dark fiber only. No services! </li></ul><ul><li>We’re not going to compete with you Mr. Incumbent </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can lease our fiber, including you Mr. Incumbent </li></ul><ul><li>This is the model that worked in Stockholm </li></ul>
  20. 22. Stokab launched 1994 <ul><li>3 years of politics ’91-’94 </li></ul><ul><li>Corporation owned by Stockholm government </li></ul><ul><li>Offers open infrastructure for everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce digging in streets </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate economy with lowest infrastructure cost </li></ul><ul><li>Breakeven for long term </li></ul>
  21. 23. Stokab coverage today 5000 km of routes, serving 29 towns 1,200,000 km of fibers 300 cross connect sites 6000 antenna sites
  22. 24. Fiber to every block < 2001
  23. 25. Take Aways <ul><li>Net Neutrality is the wrong fight </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities based competition is no better </li></ul><ul><li>Structural separation at dark fiber layer: most desirable, but politically impossible </li></ul><ul><li>Structural Bypass: works and is feasible ! </li></ul>
  24. 26. Thank you! <ul><li>Brough Turner </li></ul><ul><li>Founder & CTO Ashtonbrooke . </li></ul><ul><li>http://blogs.dialogic.com </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  25. 27. Unconference session this evening Big City Broadband Policy including examples from developed and developing economies 8:30 pm – 9:30 pm Salon G

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