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Hyderabad | Sep-16 | Lessons from Africa, Asia and Latin America

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Presenter : Dr. John Holmes

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Hyderabad | Sep-16 | Lessons from Africa, Asia and Latin America

  1. 1. e4sv.org LESSONS FROM AFRICA, ASIA AND LATIN AMERICA Date 23 September 2016 Presenter: Dr John Holmes
  2. 2. e4sv.org SUMMARY OF FINDINGS TO DATE ■Cross-cutting issues ■Home-based supply ■Mini-grids ■Cooking ■Sustainable development Goals
  3. 3. e4sv.org CROSS-CUTTING ISSUES 1. Improve access to affordable finance: ■ build/share track records of income streams ■ risk mitigation: credit guarantees ■ reduce transaction costs 2. Provide support to entrepreneurs: ■ business incubation & advice services ■ cut red tape / give breathing space 3. Build capacity: ■ technical/business/institutional/finance sector 4. Create awareness 5. Involve women and youth 6. Don’t give things away
  4. 4. e4sv.org HOME-BASED SUPPLY: SOLAR HOME SYSTEMS AND PICO-SOLAR LIGHTS Substantial advances Key factors • PV cost reductions • Increased efficiency of appliances • Pay-as-you-go 3rd Generation systems
  5. 5. e4sv.org HOME-BASED SUPPLY (2): SUCCESS STORIES East Africa: business driven Further accelerate rollout by:  access to finance  leverage distribution networks  Build skill base Bangladesh: Government-led  Ownership by group of stakeholders  Subsidised finance  Repay in instalments  Effective technical standards  Technical support
  6. 6. e4sv.org HOME-BASED SUPPLY (2): SUCCESS STORIES East Africa: business driven Further accelerate rollout by:  access to finance  leverage distribution networks  Build skill base Bangladesh: Government-led  Ownership by group of stakeholders  Subsidised finance  Repay in instalments  Effective technical standards  Effective technical support How can these models be adopted and adapted for other countries/regions?
  7. 7. e4sv.org HOME-BASED SUPPLY (3): LOOKING AHEAD ■Tackle problem of poor quality and counterfeit products ■Needed technical developments: ■ Better batteries ■ Recycling ■ Plug and play ■ Control systems ■ New PV technologies ■ Appliance efficiency ■DC nano-grids
  8. 8. e4sv.org MINI-GRIDS  Technical developments reduce equipment costs  Economies of scale: replication  Anchor loads absorb costs  Reduce set-up overheads  Reduce financing costs  Capital cost subsidy  Get the tariffs right: constraints of affordability & equality  Stimulate productive enterprise to increase incomes  Increase load factors: improved control systems & productive enterprises  Increase level of connections  Operating cost subsidy More limited progress – costs greater than revenues – how can we balance the books? costs revenues
  9. 9. e4sv.org MINI-GRIDS (2): COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT ■Villagers should be the main drivers ■Build on local knowledge and customs ■Work with trusted individual and organisations: local champions ■Ensure that the poor have a voice & stake, not just the powerful “projects are 70%social / 30% technical”
  10. 10. e4sv.org COOKING: KEY DRIVERS ■Health risks ■Environmental impacts ■Social benefits
  11. 11. e4sv.org COOKING (2): KEY FINDINGS 1. Address user needs and cultures 2. Financing schemes (& subsidies) to ensure viability of all stages of value chain 3. Enhance product quality 4. Technical and business support
  12. 12. e4sv.org SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS ■Goal 7: level of ambition ■Other goals: integrated approach ■Goal 17: strengthen means of implementation: ■Better coordination ■Sharing of information ■University collaborations ■Evaluating development outcomes
  13. 13. e4sv.org Thank you for your attention www.e4sv.org | info@e4sv.org | @e4SmartVillages

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