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Arusha | Jun-14 | John Holmes Smart Villages Introduction

The workshop in Arusha explored the East African/Tanzanian environment for village energy, local case studies, challenges and opportunities, with a view to formulating policy recommendations for policymakers, funders, NGOs and other stakeholders the region. An important part of the workshop, and indeed the whole Smart Villages initiative work programme, was to gather evidence from existing projects that have provided or facilitated sustainable off-grid energy solutions in the developing world.The workshop gathered more than 50 experts, including policymakers, NGOs, off-grid energy entrepreneurs and others to look for solutions to providing energy to villages off the grid.

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Arusha | Jun-14 | John Holmes Smart Villages Introduction

  2. 2. The Scale of the Energy Challenge 1.3 billion people without access to electricity, mainly in rural communities 3 billion people use traditional fuels for household energy 1.5 million people die each year from indoor air pollution caused by traditional fuels Oil prices in real terms are 5 x what they were when OECD countries were at a similar stage of development
  3. 3. Universal access to electricity by 2030 IEAWorld Energy Outlook: new connections in rural areas 30% grid extension 70% from micro-grids and home- based approaches
  4. 4. Energy as a catalyst for development Sustainable energy access for development Education Local business Health & welfare Democratic engagement Food security
  5. 5. Focus: mini/micro-grid and home-based approaches Policy advice: an insightful, ‘view from the frontline’ of the challenges of village energy provision for development, and how they can be overcome Workshops: bringing together the key players: scientists, entrepreneurs, villagers, NGO’s, financers, regulators and policy makers etc: • What are the barriers? • How can they be overcome? • What messages to funders and policy makers? The SmartVillages Initiative
  6. 6. MCSC/CMEDT EASAC National Science Academies Regional/Global networks of science academies Expert organisations: Practical Action, TERI ++ SmartVillages Initiative: a partnership
  7. 7. MCSC/CMEDT EASAC National Science Academies: Tanzania and Kenya Regional networks of academies: NASAC Expert organisations: PracticalAction, TERI ++ From Sweden: •ISP •SSEESS •KVA SmartVillages Initiative: a partnership ARUSHA
  8. 8. Scoping study • Village-level energy services inTanzania, Ghana and India • University of Oxford study team • Published January 2013: Extensive round of meetings • Europe: European Commission and Parliament • UN: UNIDO and UNEP • Other stakeholders Forward look workshop • Cambridge, January 2014 • Possible game changing scientific/technical developments over next 10-20 years Smart villages: work to date
  9. 9. June 2014: Tanzania/East Africa January 2015: Malaysia/Southea st Asia May 2015: India/South Asia November 2015: Bolivia/South America April 2016: Ghana/West Africa November 2016: Mexico/Central America Going Forward: In-country workshops
  10. 10. Follow up activities: Dissemination of workshop report Preparation of briefs and briefing meetings Training courses and master classes Entrepreneurial competitions Final event with key stakeholders
  11. 11. Additional activities Vision Paper Booklet of essays Pocket guide FinalWorkshops: Brussels and Addis Ababa
  12. 12. A key aim: identify framework conditions to: • foster entrepreneurial activities • maximise leverage of public sector funding An underlying premise: maximise social benefit and development impact: • integrate energy access with other development initiatives • take a community level approach An important concern: • to catalyse progression through the various levels of energy access The SmartVillages Initiative
  13. 13. Smart cities Smart villages Smart cities: need for a village level analogue 47% of world’s population/ 70% of the world’s poor live in rural villages
  14. 14. Education and health services • ICT connectivity: distance learning and world’s knowledge base • Modern health services and tele-medicine Through ICT connectivity, participate in governance processes • At local, regional and national levels • Creating smart communities with strong rural and urban linkages Foster entrepreneurship in provision and use of energy services • Capture more of the agricultural value chain • Create new businesses Building more resilient communities better able to respond to shocks • Clean water and sanitation • Affordable and nutritious food Smart villages: some key features All enabled by access to energy
  15. 15. City Village Shifting the balance of opportunities between cities and villages Technological advances Game changing technologies
  16. 16. ‘Counter-urbanisation’ in industrialised countries Lifestyle and family preferences Urban-level amenities in rural villages Reduction in information, communication and transportation barriers New economic opportunities
  17. 17. What might they look like? What is an appropriate level of ambition? How can that ambition be achieved? Smart villages in East Africa