Invictus (the poem)


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Invictus (the poem)

  1. 1. Invictus (WRITTEN IN 1874) by William Ernest Henley
  2. 3. <ul><li>What are the “paragraphs” in a poem called? </li></ul><ul><li>The paragraphs in a poem are called stanzas. </li></ul><ul><li>Number each line of your poem beginning with the number 1 and ending with the number 16. </li></ul><ul><li>Every poem is always numbered by the lines for easy reference. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>WHAT IS THE RHYME SCHEME OF THE POEM “INVICTUS”? </li></ul><ul><li>The rhyme scheme of the poem “Invictus” is the following: </li></ul>Invictus Out of the night that covers me,   A Black as the Pit from pole to pole,   B I thank whatever gods may be   A For my unconquerable soul.   B In the fell clutch of circumstance   C I have not winced nor cried aloud.   D Under the bludgeonings of chance   C My head is bloody, but unbowed.   D Beyond this place of wrath and tears   E Looms but the Horror of the shade,   F And yet the menace of the years   E Finds, and shall find, me unafraid.   F It matters not how strait the gate,   G How charged with punishments the scroll.   H I am the master of my fate:   G I am the captain of my soul. H
  4. 5. 1. Invictus is Latin for unconquered. What clue does this provide about the poem’s theme? <ul><li>The poem explores the theme of strength, bravery and perseverance. </li></ul>
  5. 6. 2. What are bludgeonings (Line 7)? <ul><li>Bludgeonings are beatings. </li></ul>
  6. 7. 3. What does it mean to be bludgeoned by chance? <ul><li>In the poem, Invictus, to be bludgeoned by chance means to be harmed by fate. </li></ul>
  7. 8. 4. What is the tone in the first stanza? <ul><li>The tone in the first stanza is declarative. The author is only thanking whatever gods there may be for his unconquerable soul. </li></ul>
  8. 9. 5. In your own words, summarize the final stanza. <ul><li>The final stanza is explaining that no matter what stands in the speaker’s way, he is always in charge of his life. </li></ul>
  9. 10. 6. Which lines in the poem tell you that the speaker isn’t frightened of what life may bring? <ul><li>The lines in the poem that tell the reader that the speaker isn’t frightened are lines 6, 8, 12, 15, and 16. </li></ul>
  10. 11. 7. Why isn’t the speaker frightened?
  11. 12. 8. How does this poem apply to Nelson Mandela and our theme of perseverance?