ABDULKADİR ÇEPİÇ    1734342                   1
what is Distance Education?Providing education at a distance is the simplest definition of distance education.Today, dista...
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what are the advantages and disadvantages of DistanceEducation?Advantages: Distance Education provides for an increase in...
what are the advantages and disadvantages of DistanceEducation?Disadvantages:Time and frustration involved learning how t...
How can you evaluate your student in DistanceEducation?Evaluation can be either formative, summative, or a combination of ...
Summative evaluationAssesses overall effectiveness of the finished product or course.Can be a springboard in developing a ...
What are the criteria to evaluate    in Distance Education?                                    9
Evaluation MethodsWithin the context of formative and summative evaluation, data may be collected   through quantitative a...
Qualitative evaluation:   Is typically more subjective.   Is more difficult to tabulate into neat categories.   Will be...
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Distance education (1734342 abdulkadir çepiç )

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Distance education (1734342 abdulkadir çepiç )

  1. 1. ABDULKADİR ÇEPİÇ 1734342 1
  2. 2. what is Distance Education?Providing education at a distance is the simplest definition of distance education.Today, distance education, e-learning, virtual education, or whatever name youprefer is basically a method of teaching where the student and instructor areseparated by time or space, or both.The US Department of Education defines distance education as:"The delivery of instruction over a distance to individuals located in one or morevenues." The National Education Association (NEA) defines distance learning as"courses where more than half of the instruction taking place is when studentsand faculty are in different locations."The NCA Higher Learning Commission definition of distance education states:"For the purposes of accreditation review, Distance Education is defined as aformal educational process in which the majority of the instruction occurs whenstudent and instructor are not in the same place. Instruction may be synchronousor asynchronous. Distance education may employ correspondence study, audio,video, or computer technologies.” 2
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  5. 5. what are the advantages and disadvantages of DistanceEducation?Advantages: Distance Education provides for an increase in Access to education for people whocannot go to school or academy due to work, family or physical limitations. Distance Education provides for a modality of instruction better suited for certainlearners.Distance Education facilitates greater learner-instructor interaction.Distance Education produces a carry over effect into the regular classroom ofimproved pedagogic techniques.Distance Education allows for the internationalization of learning opportunities.Distance Education increases interaction with classmates. 5
  6. 6. what are the advantages and disadvantages of DistanceEducation?Disadvantages:Time and frustration involved learning how to get on-line for novices.Lag time between student input and feedback -Time lapse between need for learnersupport and resolution .Student must be more active and self-directed in learning environment -Dependson individual motivation and initiative.Occasional feelings of isolation- Potentially less group support for learners leadingto isolation and possible non-completion of program.Distance Education is not for everyone. It is not for undisciplined learners norinflexible instructors. 6
  7. 7. How can you evaluate your student in DistanceEducation?Evaluation can be either formative, summative, or a combination of both.Formative evaluationPost cards - provide each student with pre-stamped and preaddressed postcards.On a weekly basis, have students use the postcards to share their concerns orrespond to questions during the last three to five minutes of class.Electronic mail - Can be a very effective way for instructors and students tocommunicate. Another plus, while the instructor is eliciting information aboutclassroom learning, students become familiar with the use of electronic mail, avaluable skill. 7
  8. 8. Summative evaluationAssesses overall effectiveness of the finished product or course.Can be a springboard in developing a revision plan.Can be a baseline of information for designing a new plan, program, or course.Will not help current students since it is conducted upon course completion. 8
  9. 9. What are the criteria to evaluate in Distance Education? 9
  10. 10. Evaluation MethodsWithin the context of formative and summative evaluation, data may be collected through quantitative and qualitative methods.Quantitative evaluation: Involves asking questions which can be statistically tabulated and analyzed, frequently using a scale, check list, or yes/no responses. Limits students to responding to the categories made available to them. Needs a large student sample for relevant statistical analyses. Quantitative methods may be most useful for gathering information on large numbers of respondents for whom more in-depth, personalized approaches are not feasible. However, they do have some significant drawbacks: Many distance education courses have relatively small class sizes with students from various backgrounds. These small, stratified populations typically defy relevant statistical analysis. Quantitative surveys typically result in a rate of return of under 50 percent. A low rate of return often suggests that only those feeling very positively or negatively about the course responded to the evaluation. By definition and design, forced choice surveys offer respondents a limited number of possible response options. Therefore, fresh insights and unique perspectives falling outside the provided response categories go unreported. The cumbersome and often tedious nature of quantitative data collection can discourage formative evaluation, and often results in an over-reliance on summative evaluation. 10
  11. 11. Qualitative evaluation: Is typically more subjective. Is more difficult to tabulate into neat categories. Will be less affected by typical small class size. Is a more flexible and dynamic method. Is not limited to pre-conceived topic of inquiry. Allows for student output of topics. Can use: Open ended questioning -- with respondents asked to identify course strengths and weaknesses, suggest changes, explore attitudes towards distance delivery methods, etc.. Participant observation -- with the distance educator observing group dynamics and behavior while participating in the class as an observer, asking occasional questions, and seeking insights regarding the process of distance education. Non-participant observation -- with the distance educator observing a course (e.g., an audio conference, interactive television class, etc..) without actually participating or asking questions. Content analysis -- with the evaluator using predetermined criteria to review course documents including the syllabus and instructional materials as well as student assignments and course-related planning documents. 11
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