The west in jacksonian arts

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  • Cooper’s novel popularized the figure of the stoic, lone Indian observing the passing of his people. Stone's plays drew theatergoers to learn a story of Metacom, or King Philip – the doomed leader of a 17 th century Indian war in New England. The “vanishing” Indians are a permanent fixture in the cultural landscape.
  • Catlin claimed that he visited 50 nations from the Missouri River to southwest Texas. Born in Pennsylvania in 1796, spent years practicing law in Connecticut. 1821 moves to Philadelphia to become an artist.
  • “ the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.” “ the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.” “ the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.” “ the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.” “ the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.” “ the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.” “ the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.” Used his paints and brushed to record “the living manners, customs, and character of an interesting race of people, who are rapidly passing away from the face of the earth, lending a hand to a dying nation who have no historians or biographers of their own to portray with fidelity their native looks and history.
  • Original character = those not exposed to whites. These are uncorrupted and worthy of representation on canvas. Those who traded and lived among whites were diminished physically and morally by the evils of alcohol, small pox and guns. Believes all will eventually succumb to their secondary nature eventually, as whites continue to move west.
  • This is not the same as the source. This is the beginning of the ceremony before the “Cutting Scene.”
  • The west in jacksonian arts

    1. 1. The West in Jacksonian Arts Jennifer Bishop – Brandeis HS
    2. 2. Jacksonian Era <ul><li>James Fenimore Cooper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Last of the Mohicans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John Augustus Stone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metamora </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Last of the Wampanoags </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some Indians go on speaking tours. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Hawk speaks to Philadelphia, & NY. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Jacksonian Era <ul><li>Art exhibition opened in New York City in 1837 </li></ul><ul><li>Indians on the page and the stage are now on canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Artist – George Catlin – almost 500 paintings of Native Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Portraits, scenes of hunting, religious ceremonies, and village life </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. George Catlin <ul><li>Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Condition of the North American Indians (1841) </li></ul><ul><li>Catlin used his paints and brushes to record the history of a people undocumented </li></ul>
    5. 5. George Catlin <ul><li>Believed there were 2 types of Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Original character </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Character </li></ul><ul><li>Argument used by Jackson to move Native Americans West - Trail of Tears </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Character – 5 civilized tribes? </li></ul>
    6. 6. George Catlin <ul><li>Advantages and disadvantages of Paintings as a source? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Painting and theatre vs. paintings? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize reasons for prejudice of the era. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tells us of life and culture of Native Am. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He established no ties with tribes, but are these tribes truly untouched by white culture? </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Shon-Ka-Ki-He-Ga, Horse Chief, Grand Pawnee Head Chief, Pawnee, 1832.
    8. 8. Mah-To-Toh-Pa, Four Bears, Second Chief, in full dress, Mandan, 1832
    9. 9. La-Doo-Ke-A, Buffalo Bull, A grand Pawnee Warrior, Pawnee, 1832
    10. 10. Pshan-Shaw, Sweet-Scented Grass, 12 yr old daughter of Bloody Hand, Arikara, 1832
    11. 11. Ju-Ah-Kis-Gaw, Woman with her child in a cradle, Ojibwa (Chippewa) , 1835
    12. 12. Wi-Jun-Jon, Pigeon’s Egg Head (The Light) Gong to and Returning from Washington, Assiniboine, 1837 - 1839
    13. 13. Fort Pierre, Mouth of the Teton River, 1200 miles above St. Louis, 1832
    14. 14. Buffalo Hunt under the Wolf-Skin Mask, 1832 - 1833
    15. 15. Bird’s-Eye View of the Mandan Village, 1800 miles above St. Louis, Mandan, 1837 - 1839
    16. 16. Sioux encamped on the Upper Missouri, Dressing Buffalo Meat and Robes, Western Sioux (Dakota), 1832
    17. 17. Mandan O-Kee-Pa Ceremony, Mandan 1832
    18. 18. Credits “ George Catlin and his Indian Gallery.” http://americanart.si.edu/Catlin/index.html .

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