Out west

374 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
374
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Out west

  1. 1. T HE G REAT W EST
  2. 2. C LASHES ON THE P LAINS Treaty of Fort Laramie Beginning of reservations for Plains Indians
  3. 3. T HE H ORSE AND THE B ISONHorses brought by the Spanish allowed the Plains Indians increased mobility in war and hunting.
  4. 4.  1834 U.S. Government considered the entire Great Plains an Indian reservation 1850s U.S. Government began to make treaties  specific boundaries
  5. 5. C AUSES OF M IGRATION TO A MERICAN I NDIAN L ANDS Discovery of Gold European migration to U.S. Cheap / free land Overcrowding A new life after the Civil War
  6. 6.  Massacre at Sand Creek (1864) Cheyenne/Arapaho – 150 mostly women and children were killed Second Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868) Bozeman Trail closed Agree to settlement on reservation 2 of 3 Sioux tribes signed - Sitting Bull refuses
  7. 7. F ORT L ARAMIE T REATY
  8. 8. S ITTING B ULL
  9. 9. C USTER ’ S L AST S TAND (1876)  Gold is found in S. Dakota on Sioux Land  Whites flood land  Sioux Attack  7th Cavalry was wiped out at the Little Big Horn River Gen. George Armstron g Custer Chief Sitting Bull
  10. 10. D AWES A CT OF 1887 “Americanization” of American Indians Broke up reservations, no more communal land 160 Acres – head of household 80 acres – unmarried adult All other land was sold to settlers – no $ from the sale was given to the Native Americans 1932 – 2/3 of Indian lands were gone
  11. 11. A MERICANIZATION OF N ATIVE A MERICANS
  12. 12. The Ghost Dance was created by a group of Native Americans to restore the old way of life. Army feared it.
  13. 13. Wounded Knee (1890) 300 starving Sioux were massacred by the military in response to the Ghost Dance
  14. 14. FACTORS L EADING TO THE S ETTLEMENT OF W EST 1. Railroads  Transcontinental Railroad – connected East with West  Union Pacific was built from the West  Central Pacific was built from the East Meet – Promontory, Utah  Built by immigrants – Chinese & Irish
  15. 15. 2. Land Grants Homestead Act of 1862 160 Acres – not all good land – most failed “Exodusters” – African Americans who moved west after the Civil War Oklahoma Land Rush 1889 Massive land giveaway in Indian Territory (2M acres) … the Sooners West goes from 1% to 30% of nation’s population.
  16. 16. t
  17. 17. “E ND OF THE F RONTIER ” F REDERICK J ACKSON T URNER – H ISTORIAN “American social development has been continually beginning over again on the frontier. This perennial rebirth, this fluidity of American life, this expansion westward with its new opportunities, its continuous touch with the simplicity of primitive society, furnish the forces dominating American character.”What will be the next frontier, the next challenge?
  18. 18. T ECHNOLOGY & FARMING IN THE 1800 S  John Deere - steel bladed plow 1837 http://www.museum.state.il.us/exhibits/agriculture/htmls/technology/horse-drawn/tech_horse-drawn_deere_plow.html
  19. 19.  Before the reaper there was the scythe – Hand-held, slow  Clip 522
  20. 20. T ECHNOLOGY & FARMING IN THE 1800 S  Cyrus McCormick – reaper 1847 – Cuts grain  Pulled by horse or other draft animal
  21. 21. T ECHNOLOGY & FARMING IN THE 1800 S Different Reaper – Same effect - Clip 536
  22. 22. T ECHNOLOGY & FARMING IN THE 1800 S  Reaper and Binder  Clip 541 & 542
  23. 23. T ECHNOLOGY & FARMING IN THE 1800 S  Harrow (smoothes soil)– 1869
  24. 24. T HRESHER Clip 57 Clip 62 http://www.tillersinternational.org/farmi ng/images/slideshow_threshing/Threshi ng%202009/img_3417.jpg
  25. 25. T ECHNOLOGY & FARMING IN THE 1800 S The end of the open range brought an end to the cattle drives as well Joseph F. Glidden’s invention… Barbed Wire 1874
  26. 26. e
  27. 27. FARMERS & THE P OPULIST M OVEMENT
  28. 28. FARMERS U NITE TO A DDRESS P ROBLEMSLate 1800 Economic Problems Falling prices Mortgaged farms / equipment  buying on credit Increase in bank foreclosures Increase in railroad shipping charges
  29. 29. E FFECTS OF R ETIRING THE G REENBACKS Greenbacks retired - $ left in circulation worth more Farmers had to pay back loans w/ crop prices down  less profit Farmers wanted more $ (silver) in circulation – didn’t solve problems
  30. 30. T HE G RANGE 1867 (T HE PATRONS OF H USBANDRY )  Oliver Hudson Kelly  Social outlet for farmers  Educational forum  Fight Railroads (high pricing / legislation)  Established coops (cooperatives)
  31. 31. FARMERS A LLIANCE  Education of farmers (business & agriculture)  Spellbinding speakers – Mary Lease “Raise more hell and less corn”  Southern Alliance – white farmers  Colored Farmers’ National Alliance – African American farmers
  32. 32. P EOPLE ’ S PARTY (1892) - P OPULISM Increase in $ supply  increasing prices Graduated income tax Federal loan program Popular vote of U.S. Senators Term limits – President / Vice President Secret Ballot 8 hour work day Restrictions on immigration
  33. 33.  Appealed to farmers & laborers 10% vote in elections for Governors, Senators, Congressmen, Legislators Adopted by Democratic Party – strong in South
  34. 34. ThePopulist Party
  35. 35. E LECTION OF 1896Republicans Democrats / PopulistsIndustrial East South + WestGold Standard Bimetalism - “Gold Bugs” “Silverites”William McKinley William Jennings Bryan
  36. 36. C ROSS OF G OLD S PEECH“You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.”
  37. 37. E LECTION OF 1896Election Results McKinley wins Industrial Midwest feared inflation  McKinley
  38. 38. E FFECTS OF P OPULISM “Little guy” can organize and be effective in elections Begins reform movement that will move into 20th Century
  39. 39. D ECLINE OF P OPULISM McKinley victory – Populism collapses Democratic Party took on their ideas Lack of support in cities – fear inflation Regional support only – South / West

×