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  1. 1. The Election of 1840 Adapted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. DEMS --> Martin Van Buren Jackson’s Hand picked successor in 1836 Financial Panic early in term
  3. 3. Van Buren refuses Whig request for financial help
  4. 4. <ul><li>WHIGS --> William Henry Harrison War Hero Hard Cider “Log Cabin” </li></ul>
  5. 5. WHIGS --> John Tyler, VP Afterthought Added to ticket to get Southern support
  6. 6. “ Tippecanoe, and Tyler, Too!”
  7. 7. William Henry Harrison Campaign Song <ul><li>“ Tip and Tye” (Words and Music by &quot;A member of the Fifth Ward Club“, published 1840) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What has caus'd this great com-mo-tion, mo-tion, mot-ion our coun-try through, It is the ball that's rol-ling on, For Tip-pi-ca-noe, and Ty-ler too, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For Tip-pi-ca-noe, and Ty-ler too, And with them we'll beat lit-tle Van, Van, Van is a us'd up man, And with them we'll beat lit-tle Van. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Election of
  9. 9. Election Significance <ul><li>1 st Triumph of populist democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocracy is out; Democracy is in </li></ul><ul><li>Politicians must cater to masses </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Election of 1844
  11. 11. Leading Issues <ul><li>Texas and related issues </li></ul><ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon Country – US v. Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ 54º 40’, or Fight!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dispute in Pacific Northwest </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Dems --> James Knox Polk “Young Hickory” Pro-Expansion
  13. 13. Whigs --> Henry Clay Doesn’t take firm stand on TX
  14. 14. Liberty Party--> James Birney Anti-slavery 62,000 votes (mainly from Clay, making him lose NY & Presidency)
  15. 15. “ Texas Coming In”
  16. 16. 1844 Election Results
  17. 17. Election Significance <ul><li>Outgoing President Tyler sees a “mandate” and annexes TX before leaving </li></ul>
  18. 18. “ JAME S K. POLK” by They Might Be Giants In 1844, the Democrats were split The three nominees for the presidential candidate Were Martin Van Buren, a former president and an abolitionist James Buchanan, a moderate Lewis Cass, a general and expansionist From Nashville came a dark horse riding up He was James K. Polk , Napoleon of the Stump !
  19. 19. “ JAME S K. POLK” by They Might Be Giants <ul><ul><li>Austere, severe, he held few people dear His oratory filled his foes with fear The factions soon agreed He's just the man we need To bring about victory Fulfill our Manifest Destiny And annex the land the Mexicans command And when the votes were cast the winner was Mister James K. Polk , Napoleon of the Stump ! </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. “ JAME S K. POLK” by They Might Be Giants In four short years he met his every goal He seized the whole southwest from Mexico Made sure the tariffs fell And made the English sell the Oregon Territory He built an independent treasury Having done all this he sought no second term But precious few have mourned the passing of Mister James K. Polk , our eleventh president “Young Hickory,” Napoleon of the Stump !
  21. 22. Goals of Polk’s Administration <ul><li>Lower the tariff - 32% to 25% </li></ul><ul><li>Resolve the Oregon boundary dispute </li></ul><ul><li>Restore the independent treasury - 1846 </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire California </li></ul>