Ms. Susan M. Pojer
Matt López
Essential Question:
Champion of
the
“Common Man”?
“King”
Andrew?OR
Voting Requirements
in the Early 19th Century
Voter Turnout: 1820 – 1860
2008: ~56%
Why Increased
Democratization?
3 White male suffrage increased
3 Party nominating committees.
3 Voters chose their state’s...
Born in a log cabin in???
http://www.wistv.com/Global/story.asp?S=14219625
Scarred during Revolution for
refusing to shine British
officer’s boots
First Known Painting, 1815
General Jackson
During the Seminole
Wars
The “Common Man’s”
Presidential Candidate
Jackson’s Opponents in
1824
Henry Clay
[KY]
John Quincy Adams
[MA]
John C. Calhoun
[SC]
William H. Crawford
[GA]
A
“Corrupt
Bargain?”
Candidate Popular Vote
Electoral Vote
Andrew Jackson 43% 99
J.Q. Adams 31% 84
William Crawford 13% 41...
Four presidents took office without winning the popular vote; elected,
instead, by the electoral college or in the case of...
Fast Forward 4 years to
election of 1828…
1828 Election Results
The Center of
Population:
Country Moves WEST
Rachel Jackson
Final Divorce DecreeJackson in Mourning for His Wife
The New “Jackson
Coalition”
3 The Planter Elite in the South
3 People on the Frontier
3 State Politicians – spoils system
...
Jackson’s Faith
in the “Common Man”
3 Intense distrust of Eastern
“establishment,” monopolies, & special
privilege.
3 His ...
The Reign of “King Mob”
Andrew Jackson as
President
Spoils System
• President Jackson spoiled his friends
and supporters by offering them
government jobs.
• He also listened ...
The “Peggy Eaton Affair”
The Webster-Hayne Debate
Sen. Daniel
Webster
[MA]
Sen. Robert
Hayne
[SC]
Clash over States’ Rights over
Western land sales
Abominations
and
Nullification
The United States was trying to help its young
factory system grow.
It did so by trying to encourage Americans to
buy stuf...
How can they get Americans
to buy more expensive
American manufactured
goods?
Protective
Tariffs
Protective Tariffs (tax) help American factories by
making foreign made goods cost more.
European Shirt
$8
American Shirt
...
The southern states hated the protective
tariffs and call it the Tariffs of Abominations.
Why?
1. The south grew cotton, s...
Most factories are in the
north, so how did
protective tariffs help the
south?
They really didn’t.
Nullification
CRISIS
Nullify - to make void, cancel
Vice-President Calhoun was from
South Carolina.
What do you think he
thought of the tariffs?
V.P. Calhoun said a state should be able to
nullify a national law (like the tariff law) by
declaring it unconstitutional....
Should a state be able to ignore
a national law if it wants to?
What could this mean?
What will
President
Jackson do?
President Jackson went to a fancy dinner party
with all the other cool Washingtonians.
Vice-President Calhoun was also the...
Jackson stood up and said,
“Our Federal Union: It must
be preserved!”
(He is basically telling South
Carolina to stop whin...
Vice-President Calhoun then stood up.
His response toast:
“The Union, next to our (the states’) liberty most
dear.”
(He is...
In 1832, Congress lowered the tariff,
hoping to make South Carolina happy.
South Carolina said it would only be happy
with...
Later that year, a convention met in
South Carolina.
The convention:
- nullified the Tariff of 1828.
- said no Federal Cus...
Calhoun then
resigned the vice-
presidency to
become a senator
from S.C.
Some people called Calhoun the
“First President of the Southern
Confederacy,”
even though he really wasn’t.
...Jackson forces a compromise.
He has Congress pass two bills.
• Bill # 1 gives Jackson
the power to use
Federal troops t...
It appeared that fighting was
inevitable, but South
Carolina eventually backed
down.
South Carolina didn’t
have the support of any
other southern states.
.
Everyone breathed a sigh of
relief.
Another crisis was
averted...
...for a little while.
WATCH THE “VIDEO” FOR TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS
Clip 5 – 5:50 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=fPFshUZxpVs#t=353s
Clip 6 http://www.youtube.com/wa...
Indian Removal
3 Jackson’s Goal?
3 1830  Indian Removal Act
3 Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831)
* “domestic dependent nation”
...
The Cherokee Nation
After 1820
Indian Removal
Trail of Tears (1838-
1839)
Jackson’s Professed
“Love” for American
Indians
Jackson’s Use of
Federal Power
VETO
1830  Maysville Road project
in KY [state of his
political rival, Henry
Clay]
The National Bank
Debate
Nicholas
Biddle
President
Jackson
Opposition to the 2nd
B.U.S.“Soft”
(paper) $
“Hard”
(specie) $
3 state bankers felt
it restrained their
banks from issuing...
The “Monster” Is
Destroyed!3 “pet banks”?
3 1832  Jackson vetoed the
extension of the 2nd
National Bank of the
United Sta...
The Downfall of “Mother
Bank”
An 1832
Cartoon
:
“King
Andrew”
1832 Election Results
Main
Issue?
The Specie Circular
(1836)
3 “wildcat banks.”
3 buy future federal
land only with gold or
silver.
3 Jackson’s goal?
Results of the Specie
Circular$ Banknotes lose their value.
$ Land sales plummeted.
$ Credit not available.
$ Businesses b...
The 1836 Election
Results
Martin Van Buren
“Old Kinderhook”
[O. K.]
The Panic of 1837
Spreads Quickly!
Andrew Jackson in
Retirement
Photo of Andrew Jackson in
1844
(one year before his death)
1767 - 1845
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
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Andrew Jackson

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. Pojer Matt López
  2. 2. Essential Question: Champion of the “Common Man”? “King” Andrew?OR
  3. 3. Voting Requirements in the Early 19th Century
  4. 4. Voter Turnout: 1820 – 1860 2008: ~56%
  5. 5. Why Increased Democratization? 3 White male suffrage increased 3 Party nominating committees. 3 Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential electors. 3 Spoils system. 3 Rise of Third Parties. 3 Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.) 3 Two-party system returned in the 1832 election:  Dem-Reps  Natl. Reps.(1828)  Whigs (1832)  Republicans (1854)  Democrats (1828)
  6. 6. Born in a log cabin in??? http://www.wistv.com/Global/story.asp?S=14219625
  7. 7. Scarred during Revolution for refusing to shine British officer’s boots First Known Painting, 1815
  8. 8. General Jackson During the Seminole Wars
  9. 9. The “Common Man’s” Presidential Candidate
  10. 10. Jackson’s Opponents in 1824 Henry Clay [KY] John Quincy Adams [MA] John C. Calhoun [SC] William H. Crawford [GA]
  11. 11. A “Corrupt Bargain?” Candidate Popular Vote Electoral Vote Andrew Jackson 43% 99 J.Q. Adams 31% 84 William Crawford 13% 41 Henry Clay 13% 37
  12. 12. Four presidents took office without winning the popular vote; elected, instead, by the electoral college or in the case of John Quincy Adams by the House of Representatives after a tie in the electoral votes. They were: • John Quincy Adams who lost by 44,804 votes to Andrew Jackson -1824 • Rutherford B. Hayes who lost by 264,292 votes to Samuel J. Tilden -1876 • Benjamin Harrison who lost by 95,713 votes to Grover Cleveland -1888 • George W. Bush who lost by 543,816 votes to Al Gore - 2000
  13. 13. Fast Forward 4 years to election of 1828…
  14. 14. 1828 Election Results
  15. 15. The Center of Population: Country Moves WEST
  16. 16. Rachel Jackson Final Divorce DecreeJackson in Mourning for His Wife
  17. 17. The New “Jackson Coalition” 3 The Planter Elite in the South 3 People on the Frontier 3 State Politicians – spoils system 3 Immigrants in the cities.
  18. 18. Jackson’s Faith in the “Common Man” 3 Intense distrust of Eastern “establishment,” monopolies, & special privilege. 3 His heart & soul was with the “plain folk.” 3 Belief that the common man was capable of uncommon achievements.
  19. 19. The Reign of “King Mob”
  20. 20. Andrew Jackson as President
  21. 21. Spoils System • President Jackson spoiled his friends and supporters by offering them government jobs. • He also listened to close friends, not the cabinet, • his “kitchen cabinet”
  22. 22. The “Peggy Eaton Affair”
  23. 23. The Webster-Hayne Debate Sen. Daniel Webster [MA] Sen. Robert Hayne [SC] Clash over States’ Rights over Western land sales
  24. 24. Abominations and Nullification
  25. 25. The United States was trying to help its young factory system grow. It did so by trying to encourage Americans to buy stuff made in American factories, not European factories, which are usually cheaper. Where are the factories?
  26. 26. How can they get Americans to buy more expensive American manufactured goods?
  27. 27. Protective Tariffs
  28. 28. Protective Tariffs (tax) help American factories by making foreign made goods cost more. European Shirt $8 American Shirt $10 Which shirt would you buy? + $3(tariff) = $11
  29. 29. The southern states hated the protective tariffs and call it the Tariffs of Abominations. Why? 1. The south grew cotton, sent it to Europe, then bought the finished goods from them. The tariffs made them cost more 2. Europe might get mad and make its own tariffs…. Bad for U.S. businesses. 3. The south saw the tariff as an example of growing power of the Federal government. Would the Federal government also try to end slavery soon?????????
  30. 30. Most factories are in the north, so how did protective tariffs help the south? They really didn’t.
  31. 31. Nullification CRISIS Nullify - to make void, cancel
  32. 32. Vice-President Calhoun was from South Carolina. What do you think he thought of the tariffs?
  33. 33. V.P. Calhoun said a state should be able to nullify a national law (like the tariff law) by declaring it unconstitutional. The South Carolina legislature liked his idea. A lot of other people didn’t, so The U.S. Congress debated the issue for weeks.
  34. 34. Should a state be able to ignore a national law if it wants to? What could this mean?
  35. 35. What will President Jackson do?
  36. 36. President Jackson went to a fancy dinner party with all the other cool Washingtonians. Vice-President Calhoun was also there. Jackson was asked to make a toast.
  37. 37. Jackson stood up and said, “Our Federal Union: It must be preserved!” (He is basically telling South Carolina to stop whining.)
  38. 38. Vice-President Calhoun then stood up. His response toast: “The Union, next to our (the states’) liberty most dear.” (He is basically telling Jackson to …?)
  39. 39. In 1832, Congress lowered the tariff, hoping to make South Carolina happy. South Carolina said it would only be happy with a complete repeal of the tariff. It didn’t work.
  40. 40. Later that year, a convention met in South Carolina. The convention: - nullified the Tariff of 1828. - said no Federal Customs could be collected in S.C. - threatened to secede (leave) from the Union if Federal government tried to collect tariffs.
  41. 41. Calhoun then resigned the vice- presidency to become a senator from S.C.
  42. 42. Some people called Calhoun the “First President of the Southern Confederacy,” even though he really wasn’t.
  43. 43. ...Jackson forces a compromise. He has Congress pass two bills. • Bill # 1 gives Jackson the power to use Federal troops to collect taxes and duties in South Carolina. • Bill #2 lowers the amount of the tariff, even though South Carolina already said they wouldn’t pay anything.
  44. 44. It appeared that fighting was inevitable, but South Carolina eventually backed down.
  45. 45. South Carolina didn’t have the support of any other southern states. .
  46. 46. Everyone breathed a sigh of relief. Another crisis was averted...
  47. 47. ...for a little while. WATCH THE “VIDEO” FOR TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS
  48. 48. Clip 5 – 5:50 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=fPFshUZxpVs#t=353s Clip 6 http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=c4OUlKnWN1M
  49. 49. Indian Removal 3 Jackson’s Goal? 3 1830  Indian Removal Act 3 Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) * “domestic dependent nation” 3 Worcester v. GA (1832) 3 Jackson: John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!
  50. 50. The Cherokee Nation After 1820
  51. 51. Indian Removal
  52. 52. Trail of Tears (1838- 1839)
  53. 53. Jackson’s Professed “Love” for American Indians
  54. 54. Jackson’s Use of Federal Power VETO 1830  Maysville Road project in KY [state of his political rival, Henry Clay]
  55. 55. The National Bank Debate Nicholas Biddle President Jackson
  56. 56. Opposition to the 2nd B.U.S.“Soft” (paper) $ “Hard” (specie) $ 3 state bankers felt it restrained their banks from issuing bank notes freely. 3 supported rapid economic growth & speculation. 3 felt that coin was the only safe currency. 3 didn’t like any bank that issued bank notes. 3 suspicious of expansion & speculation.
  57. 57. The “Monster” Is Destroyed!3 “pet banks”? 3 1832  Jackson vetoed the extension of the 2nd National Bank of the United States. 3 1836  the charter expired. 3 1841  the bank went bankrupt!
  58. 58. The Downfall of “Mother Bank”
  59. 59. An 1832 Cartoon : “King Andrew”
  60. 60. 1832 Election Results Main Issue?
  61. 61. The Specie Circular (1836) 3 “wildcat banks.” 3 buy future federal land only with gold or silver. 3 Jackson’s goal?
  62. 62. Results of the Specie Circular$ Banknotes lose their value. $ Land sales plummeted. $ Credit not available. $ Businesses began to fail. $ Unemployment rose. The Panic of 1837!
  63. 63. The 1836 Election Results Martin Van Buren “Old Kinderhook” [O. K.]
  64. 64. The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly!
  65. 65. Andrew Jackson in Retirement
  66. 66. Photo of Andrew Jackson in 1844 (one year before his death) 1767 - 1845

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