3 White male suffrage increased
3 Party nominating committees.
3 Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential
3 Spoils system.
3 Rise of Third Parties.
3 Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.)
3 Two-party system returned in the 1832 election:
Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs
(1832) Republicans (1854)
Born in a log cabin in???
Scarred during Revolution for
refusing to shine British
First Known Painting, 1815
Jackson’s Opponents in
John Quincy Adams
John C. Calhoun
William H. Crawford
Candidate Popular Vote
Andrew Jackson 43% 99
J.Q. Adams 31% 84
William Crawford 13% 41
Henry Clay 13% 37
Four presidents took office without winning the popular vote; elected,
instead, by the electoral college or in the case of John Quincy
Adams by the House of Representatives after a tie in the electoral
votes. They were:
• John Quincy Adams who lost by 44,804 votes to Andrew Jackson -1824
• Rutherford B. Hayes who lost by 264,292 votes to Samuel J. Tilden -1876
• Benjamin Harrison who lost by 95,713 votes to Grover Cleveland -1888
• George W. Bush who lost by 543,816 votes to Al Gore - 2000
Final Divorce DecreeJackson in Mourning for His Wife
The New “Jackson
3 The Planter Elite in the South
3 People on the Frontier
3 State Politicians – spoils system
3 Immigrants in the cities.
in the “Common Man”
3 Intense distrust of Eastern
“establishment,” monopolies, & special
3 His heart & soul was with the
3 Belief that the common man was
capable of uncommon achievements.
The United States was trying to help its young
factory system grow.
It did so by trying to encourage Americans to
buy stuff made in American factories, not
which are usually cheaper.
Where are the factories?
How can they get Americans
to buy more expensive
Protective Tariffs (tax) help American factories by
making foreign made goods cost more.
Which shirt would you buy?
+ $3(tariff) = $11
The southern states hated the protective
tariffs and call it the Tariffs of Abominations.
1. The south grew cotton, sent it to Europe, then bought the
finished goods from them. The tariffs made them cost more
2. Europe might get mad and make its own tariffs…. Bad for
3. The south saw the tariff as an example of growing power of
the Federal government.
Would the Federal government also try to end slavery
Most factories are in the
north, so how did
protective tariffs help the
They really didn’t.
Nullify - to make void, cancel
Vice-President Calhoun was from
What do you think he
thought of the tariffs?
V.P. Calhoun said a state should be able to
nullify a national law (like the tariff law) by
declaring it unconstitutional.
The South Carolina legislature liked his idea.
A lot of other people didn’t,
so The U.S. Congress
debated the issue for weeks.
Should a state be able to ignore
a national law if it wants to?
What could this mean?
President Jackson went to a fancy dinner party
with all the other cool Washingtonians.
Vice-President Calhoun was also there.
Jackson was asked to make a toast.
Jackson stood up and said,
“Our Federal Union: It must
(He is basically telling South
Carolina to stop whining.)
Vice-President Calhoun then stood up.
His response toast:
“The Union, next to our (the states’) liberty most
(He is basically telling Jackson to …?)
In 1832, Congress lowered the tariff,
hoping to make South Carolina happy.
South Carolina said it would only be happy
with a complete repeal of the tariff.
It didn’t work.
Later that year, a convention met in
- nullified the Tariff of 1828.
- said no Federal Customs could be collected in
- threatened to secede (leave) from the Union if
Federal government tried to collect tariffs.
resigned the vice-
become a senator
Some people called Calhoun the
“First President of the Southern
even though he really wasn’t.
...Jackson forces a compromise.
He has Congress pass two bills.
• Bill # 1 gives Jackson
the power to use
Federal troops to
collect taxes and
duties in South
• Bill #2 lowers the
amount of the tariff,
even though South
Carolina already said
they wouldn’t pay
It appeared that fighting was
inevitable, but South
Carolina eventually backed
South Carolina didn’t
have the support of any
other southern states.
Everyone breathed a sigh of
Another crisis was
...for a little while.
WATCH THE “VIDEO” FOR TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS
3 Jackson’s Goal?
3 1830 Indian Removal Act
3 Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831)
* “domestic dependent nation”
3 Worcester v. GA (1832)
John Marshall has made his
decision, now let him enforce
“Love” for American
Jackson’s Use of
1830 Maysville Road project
in KY [state of his
political rival, Henry
The National Bank
Opposition to the 2nd
3 state bankers felt
it restrained their
banks from issuing
bank notes freely.
3 supported rapid
3 felt that coin was
the only safe
3 didn’t like any bank
that issued bank
3 suspicious of
The “Monster” Is
Destroyed!3 “pet banks”?
3 1832 Jackson vetoed the
extension of the 2nd
National Bank of the
3 1836 the charter expired.
3 1841 the bank went