Physical geography of latin america


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Physical geography of latin america

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Notes- Latin AmericaPhysical Geography of LatinAmerica- From the Andes to theAmazon
  2. 2. Section 1: Landforms & Resources
  3. 3. Section 1: Landforms& Resources• Andes Mountains-longest mountain chain inthe world
  4. 4. Llama!
  5. 5. Section 1: Landforms& Resources• Angel Falls- tallest waterfall inthe world (Venezuela)• Drops 3,212 feet• That’s over 15x’s the height ofNiagara Falls
  6. 6. Section 1: Landforms &Resources• Grasslands of Latin America• Llanos- grassy plains of Colombia& Venezuela• Cerrado- plains of Brazil• Pampas- plains of Argentina &UruguayLlanosCerradoPampas
  7. 7. Patagonia• From mountains to valleys, thesouthern region of South America isknown as Patagonia.• It is one of the most naturallybeautiful regions in the world andattracts thousands oftourists each year.
  8. 8. Section 1:Landforms &Resources• Orinoco River- goes throughnorthern part of Venezuela
  9. 9. Section 1: Landforms& Resources• Parana River- Over 3,000miles long• Travels through Paraguay &Argentina
  10. 10. Section 1: Landforms &Resources• Amazon River-• Flows about 4,000 miles West to East• Over 1,000 rivers empty into it• Carries more water to the ocean than any other river• More than the next 7 largest rivers combined
  11. 11. Animals found in or near the Amazon
  12. 12. AmazonRainforest• The Amazon river basin is hometo the largest rainforest in theworld, the Amazon Rainforest.• The Amazon Rainforest has thegreatest biodiversity on theplanet and is home to millions ofspecies of animals.
  13. 13. Section 2: Climate & Vegetation• Rain forests- denseforest of manydifferent trees• Hot & rainy year round• Some trees over 150ft.highPiranha Video
  14. 14. Section 1: Landforms &Resources• Average Rainfall, Natural Vegetation, & AverageTemperatures of South America in January & July
  15. 15. • Climate conditionschange as elevationlevels rise, thisdetermines the typesof crops that can begrown for eachcountrySection 2: Climate & Vegetation
  16. 16. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Slash-&-Burn Farming- cut down trees,brush, grasses, and then burn the debris• Effective method in tropical regions• Leading to destruction of rain forests• Non-landowning poor?
  17. 17. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Terraced Farming- ancient technique togrow crops on hillsides• Reduces soil erosion• Used by Incas, & Aztecs
  18. 18. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Push Factors- reasonsthat people are forced toleave rural (country)areas• Pull Factors- reasonsthat people are drawn tourban (cities) areasPush FactorsPull Factors
  19. 19. Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction• Rapidly GrowingCities-• Regions cities aregrowing very rapidly• Can cause slums,crime, unemployment,& pollution• Governments can’thandle infrastructureimprovements
  20. 20. Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction• Tourism-• Good effects- creates jobs, hotels,restaurants, $$$, & can reduce income gapbetween rich & poor
  21. 21. Section 3: Human-EnvironmentInteraction• Bad effects- more pollution, congestion,gap between rich tourists & poor locals,owners of resorts don’t always live inarea