Chapter 1 review


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Chapter 1 review

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Review
  2. 3. <ul><li>___________is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Psychology (Duh!) </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>In the 1800’s, Marmaduke Sampson wrote an study on why crime occurred. He stated that behavior was directly related to the shape of your skull and the bumps on your head. </li></ul><ul><li>This pseudoscience is known as ___________. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Phrenology! </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Scientists who study how the brain, nervous system, hormones and genetic factors influence our behavior are called _______________. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Psychobiologists </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>This psychologist studied dogs and determined that he could condition them to receive a specific response. </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Ivan Pavlov </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>What type of psychologist helps diagnose and treat people with personal problems such as emotional disturbances </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Clinical Psychologist </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>This psychologist was interested in studying the unconscious mind. He believed most of our actions were motivated by our unconsciousness thoughts. </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Sigmund Freud </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>In the South Park episode, “Make Love, Not Warcraft”, the boys became obsessed with the computer game World of Warcraft . In this episode, you see the boys ignoring ____________ needs such as sleep, personal hygiene, exercise, etc. </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Physiological Needs </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>________ is a branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders. </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>Psychiatry </li></ul><ul><li>Keyword: medicine </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>This scientist is considered the founder and “Father of Modern Psychology”. </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Wilhelm Wundt </li></ul>
  20. 24. <ul><li>The 4 goals of psychology are description, explanation, prediction and influence. To ensure their data is correct when experimenting, psychologists often rely on ___________ to test their theories. </li></ul>
  21. 25. <ul><li>Scientific Method </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Twins separated at birth and then reunited 31 years later. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the oldest debates in psychology, and in philosophy, concerns whether individual human traits and abilities are predetermined from birth or due to one’s upbringing and experiences. This is often termed the ________ vs. ________ debate. </li></ul>
  23. 27. <ul><li>Nature vs. Nurture </li></ul><ul><li>Psychobiologists argue for nature, behaviorists argue for nurture. </li></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>_________ study the physical, emotional, cognitive and social changes that occur throughout life. Many times they study young children, the elderly and even the process of dying. </li></ul>
  25. 29. <ul><li>Developmental Psychologists </li></ul>
  26. 31. <ul><li>Name the historical approach to Psychology associated with each: </li></ul><ul><li>Sigmund Freud -_________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Wilhelm Wundt - ________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Ivan Pavlov - _________________ </li></ul><ul><li>______________ - psychology that deals with cultural and ethnic similarities and differences and how it influences behavior and social functioning </li></ul><ul><li>________________ - type of psychology that focuses on how we process, store and use information (thinking, language and problem solving) </li></ul>
  27. 32. <ul><li>Psychoanalytic </li></ul><ul><li>Functionalist </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviorist </li></ul><ul><li>Sociocultural </li></ul><ul><li>Congnitive </li></ul>