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  2. 2. REALITY… <ul><li>India- 134 th out of 182 countries with the HDI value 0.612. </li></ul><ul><li>The Human Poverty Index rank 62 nd out of 108 developing countries. </li></ul><ul><li>About 170.1 million rural population and 49.6 million of the urban are victims of severe poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>16 people per 1000 in rural areas and 3 per 1000 in urban centers are affected by seasonal hunger. </li></ul><ul><li>In Kerala, BPL - around 25 percent of the total population. Scheduled Castes -19% </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduled Tribes -3%. </li></ul><ul><li>BPL families in Ernakulum District -215298. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ASHRAYA… for the Rights of Destitutes To Live. <ul><li>Destitute Identification, Rehabilitation and Monitoring Programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced in 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Under the Poverty Alleviation Department. </li></ul><ul><li>Through Kudumbashree. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance access to basic necessities and opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>Make people self reliant. </li></ul><ul><li>60,532 families so far. </li></ul>
  4. 4. METHODOLOGY <ul><li>STUDY- Descriptive. </li></ul><ul><li>MULTI STAGE RANDOM SAMPLING </li></ul><ul><li>UNIVERSE – Ashraya Beneficiaries of Ernakulam District. </li></ul><ul><li>UNIT- Ashraya beneficiary of panchayat where the programme has been carried out for more than 3 years.. </li></ul><ul><li>WARDS AND BENEFICIARIES - Lottery Method </li></ul><ul><li>SAMPLE SIZE- 70 </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>75% of the beneficiaries reside in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>5% urban </li></ul><ul><li>10 % in slums and 5% have no place to live in. </li></ul>
  6. 6. LEVELS OF POVERTY <ul><li>48% BPL </li></ul><ul><li>35% APL. </li></ul><ul><li>15% AAY. </li></ul>
  7. 7. MONTHLY INCOME <ul><li>38% earn less than 1000/ month. </li></ul>
  8. 8. RATE OF SELF EMPLOYMENT <ul><li>Only 30% is self employed. </li></ul>
  9. 9. DROP OUT RATE <ul><li>24% Drop out rate </li></ul><ul><li>14% is due to economic distress. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>INTERVENTION MODEL </li></ul><ul><li>Provide awareness at the grassroot level on the purpose of Ashraya, the procedures through which the beneficiaries must go to make best use of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Create goodwill among the panchayat authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure maximum participation in gramasabha and there by in decision making. </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct timely evaluation, half yearly survey and a social audit every 2 years… </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>THANK YOU… </li></ul>