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  1. 1. Dell Youth Learning A quick learning on Present & Past Tenses Implemented by 1 LearningDELL YOUTH LEARNING Links Foundation
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Meaning of Present tense A verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking 3 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  4. 4. Example Kids are singing and dancing. 4 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  5. 5. Meaning of Simple Present Tense In Simple Present, the action is simply mentioned and there is nothing being said about its completeness. It is used to talk about an action which happens on a regular basis. 5 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  6. 6. Example . 6 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  7. 7. Excersice 1- Mary ------Volleyball on Monday (“plays” , “play”,”plais”,) 2- I ------every weekend (“swimming”, “swims”, “swim”,) 3- Chris and pat -----to school at 7:30 AM (“go”, “goes”, “gos”,) 4- The students ----- the homework in the afternoon (“does”, “doing”, “do”,) 5- Martha ----a tree (“Climb”, “climbs”, “climbes”) 7 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  8. 8. Meaning of Present continuous The present continuous is used to speak about what is happening at the present moment in time. For example, 'He's watching TV at the moment.’ 8 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  9. 9. Example 9 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  10. 10. Exercise Exercises – Present Continuous 1 - I ---- a sandwich now. (to eat) 2 - Mum ---- a car now. (to drive) 3 - Dad --- a delicious meal. (to cook) 10 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  11. 11. Meaning of Present perfect Present perfect tense - a perfective tense used to express action completed in the present; 11 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  12. 12. Example "`I have finished' is an example of the present perfect". 12 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  13. 13. Exercises Present perfect Tim ----- a big hamburger. (“Have bought”, “has bought”, “ has buy) Tim ----- his wallet. (“ Has lost”” have lost” “has loosed”) 13
  14. 14. Meaning of Present perfect continuous The present perfect continuous tense is often used (with for or since) to describe how long something has been happening up to now. 14 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  15. 15. Example Q) How long have you been studying English?" A) I've been studying English for four years." Note - You can just say "For four years." Q) How long have you been living in Germany? A) I've been living here since 1998. Note - You can just say "Since 1998". 15 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  16. 16. Exercise Susan -------- dinner fo her kids. “Has make”” has made” “Have made” They ----- a beautiful song “Has Sung”, “ have sung”, “ have sing “ 16 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  17. 17. Dell Youth Learning A quick learning on Present & Past Tenses Implemented by 17 DELL YOUTH LEARNING Learning Links Foundation
  19. 19. Meaning of Past tense Shows an action or state happened in the past. 19 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  20. 20. Example and Exercise 20 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  21. 21. The Meaning of "Simple Past Tense" In the Simple Past tense, the action is simply mentioned and understood to have taken place in the past. The action started and ended sometime in the past but the time may or may not be mentioned. 21 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  22. 22. Example 22 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  23. 23. Exercise Use of Simple Past action in the past taking place once, never or several times Example: He visited his parents every weekend. actions in the past taking place one after the other Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down. action in the past taking place in the middle of another action Example : When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang 23 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  24. 24. The Meaning of "Past Continuous Tense“ In the Past Continuous tense, the action was ongoing till a certain time in the past. This tense is used to talk about an action at a particular time in the past. 24 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  25. 25. Example and Exercise 25 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  26. 26. The Meaning of “Past Perfect Tense” – The past perfect tense expresses action in the past before another action in the past. This is the past in the past. 26 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  27. 27. Example I wasn't hungry. I had just eaten. They were hungry. They had not eaten for five hours. I didn't know who he was. I had never seen him before. 27 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  28. 28. Example 2 28 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  29. 29. The Meaning of “Past Present continuous” – The past perfect progressive (continuous) is used to describe an action that started in the past and was still in progress when a second action started. Both actions began and ended in the past 29 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  30. 30. Example Ben had been working for three hours when Rachel came home. By the time Sam found an umbrella, it had been raining for ten minutes. 30 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  31. 31. Example 2 31 DELL YOUTH LEARNING