Active voice and passive voice

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Active voice and passive voice

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Active voice and passive voice

  1. 1. De ll Youth Le arning Implemented by Le arning Links Foundation 1 DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  2. 2. Defining “Voice” • “Voice” is a characteristic of verbs which indicates the relation of the verb’s action to its subject. • The voice of a verb may be either “active” or “passive.” DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  3. 3. Active Voice • Active voice verbs are used when the subject is acting in a sentence. • Example: – Cindy steered the boat. • “Steered” is an active verb because it allows the subject to undertake an action. DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  4. 4. • Passive Voice “Passive voice” verbs are used when the subject is being acted upon in a sentence. • Example: – The mountain’s peak was reached by Ed Danvers. • “Was reached” are considered passive because they indicate that the subject (peak) is receiving an action. DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  5. 5. Effective one-Passive • Although both constructions are grammatically correct, the active voice is usually more effective in academic and business writing because it is simpler and more direct. The passive construction is effective only when the doer of the action is unknown or irrelevant. Examples – The cruise liner was hijacked. – The ball was hit. – The town was quarantined. DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  6. 6. Review • Active voice verbs: Verbs that indicate the sentence’s subject as actively acting: – Sachin hit the ball. • Passive voice verbs: Verbs that indicated the sentence’s subject as being acted upon: – The ball was hit by Sachin DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  7. 7. Exercise • • • • • • • • • • I ate a piece of chocolate cake – The librarian read the book to the students – The money was stolen – They are paid on Fridays – The movie is being made in Hollywood – I washed my car three weeks ago – His hair was cut by a professional – I will introduce you to my boss this week – It would have been fixed on the weekend – The national anthem is being sung by Jason this time – DELL YOUTH LEARNING
  8. 8. Exercise • I ate a piece of chocolate cake – Active Voice • The librarian read the book to the students – Active Voice • The money was stolen – Passive Voice • They are paid on Fridays – Passive Voice • The movie is being made in Hollywood – Passive Voice • I washed my car three weeks ago – Active Voice • His hair was cut by a professional – Passive Voice • I will introduce you to my boss this week – Active Voice • It would have been fixed on the weekend – Passive Voice • The national anthem is being sung by Jason this time – Passive Voice DELL YOUTH LEARNING

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