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Power Point Baroque Period

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  1. 1. Baroque Music
  2. 2. <ul><li>Baroque music describes a style of European classical music. </li></ul><ul><li>1600-1750 </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque means bizarre. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was a new country of </li></ul><ul><li>influence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rhythm – Once the rhythm has been established it remains the same throughout the entire song. Starts fast – stays fast Starts slow – stays slow There is no shift in tempo.
  4. 4. Melody – Once the melody has been established it keeps happening. (reoccurring melody)
  5. 5. Dynamics – The use of terraced dynamics (a sudden shift in volume) If there are dynamics there are no crescendo/decrescendos
  6. 6. <ul><li>Antonio Vivaldi – (Red priest violinist) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Four Seasons” </li></ul><ul><li>Created orchestra for </li></ul><ul><li>teenage orphaned girls </li></ul><ul><li>Red Priest worked for church </li></ul><ul><li>and had red hair </li></ul><ul><li>Wish and be able to recognize greatness in </li></ul><ul><li>in the field you are pursuing </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Johann Sebastian Bach – (organist) </li></ul><ul><li>German composer </li></ul><ul><li>Father of Music </li></ul><ul><li>Married Barbara who was much younger than him and had 20 children </li></ul><ul><li>He made the following types of works popular </li></ul><ul><li>Invention – played on the harpsichord </li></ul><ul><li>Short in duration, quick tempo </li></ul><ul><li>Fugue – played on the organ, generally slow in tempo </li></ul><ul><li>main melody played many times </li></ul>
  8. 8. Basso Continuous – continues bass, low end of keyboard, same notes repeated, steady
  9. 9. <ul><li>New instruments of the Baroque </li></ul><ul><li>Organ – sustaining deep sound </li></ul><ul><li>Harpsichord – plucky sound </li></ul><ul><li>Clavichord – funky, percussion sound </li></ul><ul><li>(Superstition by Stevie Wonder) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>George Frederica Handel – known for his oratorios </li></ul><ul><li>Oratorio: </li></ul><ul><li>A musical work based on a religious text </li></ul><ul><li>written for chorus and orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>(no dialogue/acting – similar to opera) </li></ul><ul><li>Handel's most famous work is called the “Messiah” </li></ul><ul><li>2 1/2 hours to perform </li></ul><ul><li>24 hours to write </li></ul><ul><li>Messiah is broken down into 3 parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Part 1 – Do we believe that Jesus was born for us? </li></ul><ul><li>Part 2 – Do we believe that Jesus died on the cross for us? </li></ul><ul><li>Part 3 – Do we believe in eternal life? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>It is associated with composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Arcangelo Corelli, Claudio Monteverdi, Jean-Philippe Rameau and Henry Purcell. </li></ul><ul><li>During the period, composers and performers used more elaborate musical ornamentation, made changes in musical notation, and developed new instrumental playing techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque music expanded the size, range, and complexity of instrumental performance, and also established opera as a musical genre. Many musical terms and concepts from this era are still in use today. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Baroque music shares with Renaissance music a heavy use of polyphony and counterpoint. However, its use of these techniques differs from Renaissance music.
  13. 13. <ul><li>Baroque composers wrote in many different musical genres. </li></ul><ul><li>Opera, invented in the late Renaissance, became an important musical form during the Baroque, with the operas of Alessandro Scarlatti, Handel, and others. </li></ul><ul><li>The oratorio achieved its peak in the work of Bach and Handel; opera and oratorio often used very similar music forms, such as a widespread use of the da capo aria. </li></ul>