Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Disruptive Enabling Technologies and Immersive Education

409 views

Published on

IED 2015 Immersive Education Initiative Paper

Disruptive enabling technologies in the form of wearable sensors and ambient intelligent interface devices are set to totally transform immersive education practices. This presentation focuses on the latest developments in wearable lifestyle sensor technologies such as Neurosky's consumer brainwave and body sensing devices to describe how measuring and visualising physical and mental states can be used to deliver quantum changes in education practices. These devices and their associated applications that provide real time analysis of attention and emotional states provide new opportunities to provide more personalised and adaptive education experiences.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Disruptive Enabling Technologies and Immersive Education

  1. 1. Submitted Manuscript: Confidential Template: 05 April 2012 Category: Presentation Title: Disruptive Enabling Technologies and Immersive Education Authors: D. Wortley Affiliations: 1 GAETSS – Gamification and Enabling Technologies Strategic Solutions *Correspondence to: david@gaetss.com Abstract: Disruptive enabling technologies in the form of wearable sensors and ambient intelligent interface devices are set to totally transform immersive education practices. This presentation focuses on the latest developments in wearable lifestyle sensor technologies such as Neurosky's consumer brainwave and body sensing devices to describe how measuring and visualising physical and mental states can be used to deliver quantum changes in education practices. These devices and their associated applications that provide real time analysis of attention and emotional states provide new opportunities to provide more personalised and adaptive education experiences. One Sentence Summary: Wearable Sensors and Data Visualisation Technologies are creating new opportunities for personalized Immersive Education Main Text: Introduction and Background The concept of “immersion” in any activity is widely accepted as fundamentally important for learning and developing. The immersive nature of games is one of the main reasons for their popularity. Games provide a “flow” of conscious engagement in which players voluntarily invest their time, attention and money to participate in activities which provide the physical and mental challenges that form the basis of our development. Over the past two decades, developments in video game technologies from arcade games to highly realistic blockbuster console games have led to the concept of “serious games and simulations” being increasingly widely accepted as an important media for corporate learning and development. “Americas Army” was one of the first examples of the serious games genre and was originally developed as a recruiting tool to stimulate young people’s desire to consider the Military as a career option through the use of role playing games. Whilst it was regarded as a big success in generating new recruit applications, it was also realized that these games had potential for training recruits by immersing them in storylines and environments which allowed them to develop the skills needed in real world situations with exposing the recruits to danger and also reducing the cost of training.
  2. 2. The immersive nature and realism of these virtual world environments and storylines that players could relate to were important factors in not only engaging players but also in the effectiveness of the learning outcomes. The “Immersion” factor in these games is related to the extent to which players are attracted to the scenarios and storylines and the nature of the challenges presented. All of this, it is argued in this paper, has led to a concentration on making the sensory experience as rich as possible rather than developing an understanding of the basic games psychologies and mechanics that underlie the use immersion for education practices. This paper seeks to introduce the concept of gamification and disruptive technologies as a potentially more effective and targeted approach to Immersive Education. Case Study on Gamification and Wearable Technologies for Personal Health Education This paper explores the impact of disruptive technologies such as the internet of things, big data and wearable technologies on immersive education and is based on a personal case study carried out over the last 2 years by the author who has explored the potential of these technologies to improve his personal health management. Figure 1. Impact of Case Study on the Author’s Appearance Figure 1. illustrates the impact of the project on the author’s change in appearance over the two years of the project. The majority of the weight loss (21Kg) was achieved within 3 months of starting the project in June 2013. Health Education is a very good example of the importance of Immersion and can illustrate the difference between Immersive Education for the acquisition of Knowledge and Immersive Education to influence behaviours, understanding and actions. At the start of this project, the author was obese and in a pre-diabetic condition but these circumstances, although lifestyle related, did not present any serious medical problems or impact on the author’s daily life. As a consequence, although aware of his obesity, the author was not motivated to make any changes to his lifestyle or undertake education activities to improve his knowledge or understanding of the potential long term consequences of his condition.
  3. 3. Without motivation for change or incentives to better understand and adopt best lifestyle practices, the author was not engaged in developing personal healthcare management skills or practices and would have been reliant on corrective medical interventions instead of preventative interventions. The author would not have been immersed in the personal health education initiatives available and increasingly promoted today because, although health knowledge was of interest, it made no impact on the author’s daily life. The author was effectively a “spectator” of his own health rather than an engaged practitioner. It was combination of circumstances in June 2013 which led the author to explore the potential of gamification and wearable technologies for personal health management. The primary factors for triggering this activity were the discovery from a DNA analysis that the author has a 32% probability of contracting Diabetes 2 and reading an article on the BBC website about wearable technologies. Measurement and Feedback The case study involved wearing a fitness tracking bracelet which measures physical activity and sleep, collects the data and displays the results within a free mobile application. Figure 2. Example Wearable Fitness devices used by the Author Figure 2 shows two of the devices used by the author during the case study. One of the devices, the Jawbone UP device provided a smartphone application which not only shows trends in physical activity and sleep patterns but also provides tools to calculate calorie consumption and nutrition based on food and drink consumed. This requires the user to enter the food and drink manually and, in some cases, to enter the nutrition data found on the food packaging. The key factors for education and immersion in this project are automatic measurement and feedback, coupled with good data visualization that assists understanding. The fact that the data is personal and is displayed on demand in a format which helps the user to understand the impact of their actions leads to immersive learning linked to behavioural change and putting into practice the lesson learnt. Immersion in the process of self-directed learning informed by automatic data collection and analysis provided for better understanding of health management and, more importantly, practical implementation of changes in lifestyle.
  4. 4. Conclusions - Immersion and Personalised, Self-Directed Education Immersion in any activity by focusing attention and limiting distractions helps to facilitate absorption of knowledge. Immersion can be influenced by motivating factors. These motivating factors can either be extrinsic or intrinsic or a combination of both. Extrinsic motivation can be provided by potential rewards e.g. money, qualifications, penalties for failure whereas intrinsic motivation comes from the pleasure and satisfaction of the activity. Games generally provide intrinsic motivation and more sustainable outcomes whereas extrinsic motivation in education can support the acquisition of knowledge, it is less likely to be sustainable and have an impact on behaviours and understanding. The main conclusion drawn from this case study exercise is that disruptive technologies which provide ambient and automatic personalized performance measurement and feedback coupled with good data visualization and “Smart” coaching not only creates a far more immersive experience but also goes beyond the acquisition of knowledge into greater levels of understanding and behavioural change. The use of wearable devices and Gamification strategies today is exemplified in the European projects PEGASO (http://www.pegaso4f4.eu/) and DOREMI (http://www.doremi-fp7.eu/) where Italian Serious Games specialists, Imaginary have developed applications which use games combined with technology to capture lifestyle data and physical activity to personalize games which immerse the users into activities designed to enhance their physical and cognitive wellbeing of the users which range from teenagers (PEGASO) to the elderly (DOREMI).

×