Charlotte’s Future: Growth and the           Environment        Providence Day School           January 13, 2012
Presentation Overview Land Use Planning Growth Trends Growth Framework Group Activity Impacts of Growth on the  Envir...
Planning DepartmentMission: Provide integrated planningservices that promote sustainable growth toimprove our community’s ...
Land Use PlanningWhat is Land Use Planning?• Key tool to manage how and where we grow in the community• Organizing of type...
Land Use Planning
Land Use PlanningSome things to think about:• Land use plans provide guidance – they are not law• Some of the implementati...
• Good plans shape good decisions. Thats why good planning helps  to make elusive dreams come true. (Lester Robert Bittel ...
Growth Trends   Charlotte’s population more than doubled    between 1980 and 2010                                 731,000...
Developed Land 1976        Charlotte
Developed Land 1985        Charlotte
Developed Land 1996        Charlotte
Developed Land 2006         Charlotte
Growth Trends                                Mecklenburg County1976                            1976: 12.5% Developed      ...
Growth TrendsTODAY (2010)   731,000 people   459,000 jobsTOMORROW (2035)   +322,000 more people; and   +458,000 more j...
Growth FrameworkCenters, Corridors and Wedges Long-term growth strategy Five primary transportation  and development cor...
Growth Framework           Rapid Transit PlanningLight Rail Transit Bus Rapid Transit (Curitiba) Streetcar/Trolley Com...
Group Activity (15 mins)
Group Activity (15 mins) You are an urban planner, planning for the  future of 2 sites in Charlotte Your job is to help ...
Group Activity (15 mins)Site 2         Site 1
Group Activity (15 mins)                            Site #1                                           Site #2 512 mostly ...
Group Activity (15 mins) Break up into groups & get 1 sheet of icons & 1 map sheet Work with your group to place the ico...
Impacts of Growth Air Quality Water Quality Scarcity of Land (Open Space, Trees)
Impervious Surfaces               What are the causes of environmental degradation?               • Automobile Travel     ...
Looking to the FutureSustainable Land Use Planning Checklist Use land efficiently – compact development, shared facilitie...
OutcomesConventional development patterns
OutcomesHow does it look today?
OutcomesHow could it look in the future?
OutcomesHow could it look in the future?
OutcomesHow could it look in the future?
Conclusions Take a look back at your maps What would you change? What would   you keep the same? Are there other ways y...
Thanks!www.charlotteplanning.org
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Charlotte’s Future: Growth and the Environment

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This is the slide deck accompanying the presentation by urban planner Garet Johnson in our AP Environmental Science class on 1/13/2012.

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  • As a planner, we go through a similar process as you just have of determining where various types of development will be located throughout the city. Roads and transit play a big role in decided where to located different land uses and the city actually has a framework called Centers, Corridors and Wedges that determines how and where to accommodate growth throughout the City of Charlotte.
  • Break students up into groups (count off) and have them work together on a base map to talk through and decide where they think various types of development should go. Have them circle or color in these areas with the colors that represent the different uses then go around the room and have them briefly discuss their rationale.
  • Break students up into groups (count off) and have them work together on a base map to talk through and decide where they think various types of development should go. Have them circle or color in these areas with the colors that represent the different uses then go around the room and have them briefly discuss their rationale.
  • Charlotte’s Future: Growth and the Environment

    1. 1. Charlotte’s Future: Growth and the Environment Providence Day School January 13, 2012
    2. 2. Presentation Overview Land Use Planning Growth Trends Growth Framework Group Activity Impacts of Growth on the Environment Looking to the Future
    3. 3. Planning DepartmentMission: Provide integrated planningservices that promote sustainable growth toimprove our community’s quality of life Work with citizens to plan for future growth in the community Ensure growth is environmentally responsible
    4. 4. Land Use PlanningWhat is Land Use Planning?• Key tool to manage how and where we grow in the community• Organizing of types of land uses (ie. commercial, residential, industrial) and their resources to best meet people’s needs over time• Provides guidance for what types of development go whereTypes of Land Uses  Residential – single family, duplexes, apartments, town homes, condos  Office – dentist, insurance, tax preparers  Retail – stores, banks, restaurants  Institutional – churches, schools, hospitals
    5. 5. Land Use Planning
    6. 6. Land Use PlanningSome things to think about:• Land use plans provide guidance – they are not law• Some of the implementation tools, however, are law such as: • Zoning and Subdivision Ordinances • Tree Ordinance, Stormwater and Erosion Control Ordinances• Regulations must hold up in the court of law • Property rights, fairness, due process . . • Example – there is no “Vacant” land use category, cannot deny someone the ability to develop their property • Example – can’t say it is ok to develop a Ritz Carlton Hotel on a piece of property, but not a Super 8 • Rational nexus and proportionality • Legality of regulating “aesthetics” currently being debated• Private sector, not the government, does most of the development/building• Market also plays a big part of what, when and where development occurs - land use plans and regulations can influence market• Political processes involved
    7. 7. • Good plans shape good decisions. Thats why good planning helps to make elusive dreams come true. (Lester Robert Bittel writer)• Have a plan. Follow the plan, and youll be surprised how successful you can be. Most people dont have a plan. Thats why its is easy to beat most folks. (Paul "Bear" Bryant, football coach)• Man who does not plan long ahead will find trouble at his door. (Confucius, Chinese philosopher and religious leader)• Where there is no vision, the people perish. (The Bible, Proverbs 29:18)• If you can dream it, you can do it. (Walt Disney, animator, film producer)• In Houston, a person walking is someone on his way to his car. (Anthony Downs, writer)• You got to be careful if you dont know where youre going, because you might not get there. (Yogi Berra, baseball catcher)
    8. 8. Growth Trends Charlotte’s population more than doubled between 1980 and 2010 731,000 540,000 396,000 315,000 1980 1990 2000 2010 Population is more diverse and older  Hispanic population increased from 7.4% in 2000 to 13.1% in 2010  Median age increased from 32.7 in 2000 to 33.2 years in 2010 Note: Population estimate for 2011 = 740,098
    9. 9. Developed Land 1976 Charlotte
    10. 10. Developed Land 1985 Charlotte
    11. 11. Developed Land 1996 Charlotte
    12. 12. Developed Land 2006 Charlotte
    13. 13. Growth Trends Mecklenburg County1976 1976: 12.5% Developed 2006 Mecklenburg County 2006: 57.6% Developed
    14. 14. Growth TrendsTODAY (2010) 731,000 people 459,000 jobsTOMORROW (2035) +322,000 more people; and +458,000 more jobsWhere will these people and jobs go?
    15. 15. Growth FrameworkCenters, Corridors and Wedges Long-term growth strategy Five primary transportation and development corridors Focus growth in Activity Centers and Growth Corridors Maximize use of transportation system, infrastructure & services Encourage redevelopment &
    16. 16. Growth Framework Rapid Transit PlanningLight Rail Transit Bus Rapid Transit (Curitiba) Streetcar/Trolley Commuter Rail: DMU
    17. 17. Group Activity (15 mins)
    18. 18. Group Activity (15 mins) You are an urban planner, planning for the future of 2 sites in Charlotte Your job is to help accommodate some of the growth that is coming, but also to mitigate the negative impacts that can come along with this growth Here are the 2 sites you will be planning for:
    19. 19. Group Activity (15 mins)Site 2 Site 1
    20. 20. Group Activity (15 mins) Site #1 Site #2 512 mostly vacant acres near the  47 acres that was previously Interchange of I-485 & Providence developed, but has now been cleared Road  Within the South Growth Corridor Partly in a Mixed-Use Activity Center along the Lynx light rail line, about ¾ Several creeks, some steep topography miles from the Sharon Road Station and a lot of trees  Branch of one creek, mostly flat and Surrounding area is mostly developed few trees with single family homes and a golf  Surrounding area is mostly developed course across the road with industrial and office type uses; residential nearby
    21. 21. Group Activity (15 mins) Break up into groups & get 1 sheet of icons & 1 map sheet Work with your group to place the icons where you think that type of development should go. Be sure to use as many of the icons as possible. Remember, we have a lot of growth to accommodate somewhere! • Institutional - schools, daycares, places of worship, post offices, libraries, jails • Parks/Open Space • Employment – Industries, Warehouses, Offices, Business Parks • Retail – mall, drug store, grocery, shopping center • Residential – single-family, apartments, townhomes, high/mid-rise apartments It’s ok to write or draw on the maps Be ready to tell us why you placed the icons in a particular location
    22. 22. Impacts of Growth Air Quality Water Quality Scarcity of Land (Open Space, Trees)
    23. 23. Impervious Surfaces What are the causes of environmental degradation? • Automobile Travel • Charlotte is the 24th most congested city in the nation (TTI) • Increases in Impervious Surfaces • In 1980, 41% of the county was undeveloped, by 2030 that could drop to 17% • Loss of Open Space • Since 1980, the county has been losing open space at a rate of 5 acres per day
    24. 24. Looking to the FutureSustainable Land Use Planning Checklist Use land efficiently – compact development, shared facilities, infill & redevelopment Balance & integrate land uses – range of housing, employment, service, leisure & educational opportunities; mix of uses Provide transportation choices – sidewalks, bikeways, transit, connectivity Provide infrastructure to support development – schools, sewer, water, fire, police, transportation, libraries Respect the natural and social environment – trees, streams, wetlands, floodplains, habitats, green space, historic properties, neighborhoods Design for quality – details, site layout Plan for the long term – quality, function, change, re-use
    25. 25. OutcomesConventional development patterns
    26. 26. OutcomesHow does it look today?
    27. 27. OutcomesHow could it look in the future?
    28. 28. OutcomesHow could it look in the future?
    29. 29. OutcomesHow could it look in the future?
    30. 30. Conclusions Take a look back at your maps What would you change? What would you keep the same? Are there other ways you can think of to accomodate growth and protect the environment?
    31. 31. Thanks!www.charlotteplanning.org

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