Charlotte's Future


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A presentation by Garet Johnson of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Planning Department to our AP Environmental Science Class at Providence Day School on 1/6/2011.

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Charlotte's Future

  1. 1. Charlotte’s Future: Growth and the Environment Providence Day School January 6, 2011
  2. 2. Presentation Overview Land Use Planning Growth Trends Growth Framework Group Activity Impacts of Growth on the Environment Looking to the Future
  3. 3. Planning Department Mission: Provide integrated planning services that promote sustainable growth to improve our community’s quality of life Work with citizens to plan for future growth in the community Ensure growth is environmentally responsible
  4. 4. Land Use Planning What is Land Use Planning? Key tool to manage how and where we grow in the community Organizing of types of land uses (ie. commercial, residential, industrial) and their resources to best meet people’s needs over time Provides guidance for what types of development go where Types of Land Uses Residential – single family, duplexes, apartments, town homes, condos Office – dentist, insurance, tax preparers Retail – stores, banks, restaurants Institutional – churches, schools, hospitals
  5. 5. Land Use Planning
  6. 6. Growth Trends Charlotte’s population more than doubled between 1980 and 2010 Population is more diverse and older Hispanic population increased from 7.4% in 2000 to 12.3% in 2010 Median age increased from 32.7 in 2000 to 33.3 years in 2009
  7. 7. Developed Land 1976 Charlotte
  8. 8. Developed Land 1985 Charlotte
  9. 9. Developed Land 1996 Charlotte
  10. 10. Developed Land 2006 Charlotte
  11. 11. Growth Trends Mecklenburg County 1976: 12.5% Developed 1976 2006 Mecklenburg County 2006: 57.6% Developed
  12. 12. Growth Trends TODAY (2010) 728,000 people 459,000 jobs TOMORROW (2035) +324,000 more people; and +458,000 more jobs Where will these people and jobs go?
  13. 13. Growth Framework Centers, Corridors and Wedges Long-term growth strategy Five primary transportation and development corridors Focus growth in Activity Centers and Growth Corridors Maximize use of transportation system, infrastructure & services Encourage redevelopment & reuse
  14. 14. Growth Framework Rapid Transit Planning Light Rail Transit Bus Rapid Transit (Curitiba) Streetcar/Trolley Commuter Rail: DMU
  15. 15. Group Activity (15 mins)
  16. 16. Group Activity (15 mins) You are an urban planner, planning for the future of 2 sites in Charlotte Your job is to help accommodate some of the growth that is coming, but also to mitigate the negative impacts that can come along with this growth Here are the 2 sites you will be planning for:
  17. 17. Group Activity (15 mins) Site 2 Site 1
  18. 18. Group Activity (15 mins) Site #2 Site #1 512 mostly vacant acres near the Interchange of I-485 & Providence Road Partly in a Mixed-Use Activity Center Several creeks, some steep topography and a lot of trees Surrounding area is mostly developed with single family homes and a golf course across the road 47 acres that was previously developed, but has now been cleared Within the South Growth Corridor along the Lynx light rail line, about ¾ miles from the Sharon Road Station Branch of one creek, mostly flat and few trees Surrounding area is mostly developed with industrial and office type uses; residential nearby
  19. 19. Group Activity (15 mins) Break up into groups & get 1 sheet of icons & 1 map sheet Work with your group to place the icons where you think that type of development should go. Be sure to use as many of the icons as possible. Remember, we have a lot of growth to accommodate somewhere! Institutional - schools, daycares, places of worship, post offices, libraries, jails Parks/Open Space Employment – Industries, Warehouses, Offices, Business Parks Retail – mall, drug store, grocery, shopping center Residential – single-family, apartments, townhomes, high/mid-rise apartments It’s ok to write or draw on the maps Be ready to tell us why you placed the icons in a particular location
  20. 20. Impacts of Growth Air Quality Water Quality Scarcity of Land (Open Space, Trees)
  21. 21. Impervious Surfaces What are the causes of environmental degradation? Automobile Travel Charlotte is the 24th most congested city in the nation (TTI) Increases in Impervious Surfaces In 1980, 41% of the county was undeveloped, by 2030 that could drop to 17% Loss of Open Space Since 1980, the county has been losing open space at a rate of 5 acres per day
  22. 22. Looking to the Future Sustainable Land Use Planning Checklist Use land efficiently – compact development, shared facilities, infill & redevelopment Balance & integrate land uses – range of housing, employment, service, leisure & educational opportunities; mix of uses Provide transportation choices– sidewalks, bikeways, transit, connectivity Provide infrastructure to support development– schools, sewer, water, fire, police, transportation, libraries Respect the natural and social environment– trees, streams, wetlands, floodplains, habitats, green space, historic properties, neighborhoods Design for quality– details, site layout, building materials Plan for the long term– quality, function, change, re-use
  23. 23. Outcomes Conventional development patterns
  24. 24. Outcomes How does it look today?
  25. 25. Outcomes How could it look in the future?
  26. 26. Outcomes How could it look in the future?
  27. 27. Outcomes How could it look in the future? How could it look in the future?
  28. 28. Conclusions Take a look back at your maps What would you change? What would you keep the same? Are there other ways you can think of to accomodate growth and protect the environment?
  29. 29. Thanks!