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Supporting the Scale up of Solar Pumping
in India through Remote Monitoring
Satya Kumar DV
Food, Water and Energy Nexus : Perspectives from Asia
Asia Clean Energy Forum, 2016
Most of India is facing acute water scarcity
2
Water scarcity in River basins
3
Choice of Food impacts Water and Energy use
4
India is a net exporter of water
5
Food production and supply chain consumes about 30 percent of total energy consumed
globally (FAO 2011b). India consumes ~ 27% energy only for irrigation
Agriculture accounts for 70 % of global freshwater withdrawals. In India it’s 82% !
60% more food will be needed in order to feed the world population in 2050.
Number of agri pumpsets in India over 16 million (2012) with ~20% using diesel;
consumed 136TWh of energy (2012)
The Food, Water and Energy Nexus
Solarizing India
– Provides the context for an holistic approach to Agriculture
India is considering an ambitious target of 1 to 3 million solar irrigation pumps by 2022 that is
estimated to cost US$ 30bn.
This massive scale up is based on the success of an innovative scheme in Rajasthan State which
combined the stand-alone federal and state government schemes and offered a packaged solution for
the livelihood of farmers.
The 'Solar water pumping program in Rajasthan' introduced a composite irrigation package through
creation of water harvesting structures, recharging ground water, pumping with solar pumps and
irrigating through drip.
Some farmers' income levels increased four-fold and even young MBA graduates were inspired to take
up farming.
Solar Pumping and Drip Irrigation in Gurha Kumavatan Village, Jaipur District
The Rajasthan Solar Pumping Program
Drip irrigation schematic
___________________________________________________________________________________
A Project implemented by Shri Shakti Alternative Energy Ltd and funded by PACEsetter Fund, a joint
initiative of MNRE, Govt of India and the US State Department
via Data Loggers
& GSM-SMS technology
Online Web Portal
Remote Monitoring of Solar Pumps
and off grid Solar PV Plants Plants
Real time
Performance
Monitoring
Outsourced
Service
Management
MIS Reporting
Asset
Management
PACEsetter Fund Grant Award 27th May 2016
10
Prototype testing on AC and DC
Pumps in Rajasthan
Online Web Platform to monitor all solar pumps and off-grid solar PV power plants
Potential to monitor cultivation, crop yields and ground water levels.
Linkage planned to GIS, Aadhar Card (Social Security) and Soil Health
Card
Prototypes tested in Rajasthan. Roll out of pilot projects in Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh
in Q4 2016
Facilitating prompt service to farmers through a common pool of trained technicians
Key Features of the Project
Intended Outcomes
Performance monitoring and O&M – Key
enablers to help MNRE achieve its target
of 1 million pumps by 2022
Real time data and performance reports
to various stakeholders
Establish prompt service to farmers
Reduced T&D losses for State Discoms
Impacts
Employment generation, Skill
development of local technicians
Monitoring and control of resources,
leading to energy and water conservation
Better irrigation leads to better farming
output, better rural economy
Reduction in GHG emissions
Multiple bottom line Impacts
Develop new financing models for solar pumps based on potential for increased
farmer’s income through crop selection, drip irrigation, horticulture, fertigation etc.
Reduce dependency on subsidies on solar pumps from 85% to 50% or less. Additional
income generation from the unused power of solar array.
Test new financing models through a pilot to install 100 pumps at a cost of US$
500,000. Leverage debt from NABARD or IREDA.
Holistic approach to solar pumping has great alignment with policies under Prime
Minister’s Farm Irrigation scheme (PMKSY) – outlay of $8bn over 5 yrs
Good fit with PM’s goal to double farmers’ income by 2022. New Krishi Kalyan Cess
will garner $1 bn / yr for funding agri development initiatives.
Going beyond the PACEsetter Project
Our Team
Thank You
DV Satya Kumar
dvsk@ssael.co.in

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Supporting the Scale up of Solar Pumping in India through Remote Monitoring

  • 1. Supporting the Scale up of Solar Pumping in India through Remote Monitoring Satya Kumar DV Food, Water and Energy Nexus : Perspectives from Asia Asia Clean Energy Forum, 2016
  • 2. Most of India is facing acute water scarcity 2
  • 3. Water scarcity in River basins 3
  • 4. Choice of Food impacts Water and Energy use 4
  • 5. India is a net exporter of water 5
  • 6. Food production and supply chain consumes about 30 percent of total energy consumed globally (FAO 2011b). India consumes ~ 27% energy only for irrigation Agriculture accounts for 70 % of global freshwater withdrawals. In India it’s 82% ! 60% more food will be needed in order to feed the world population in 2050. Number of agri pumpsets in India over 16 million (2012) with ~20% using diesel; consumed 136TWh of energy (2012) The Food, Water and Energy Nexus
  • 7. Solarizing India – Provides the context for an holistic approach to Agriculture India is considering an ambitious target of 1 to 3 million solar irrigation pumps by 2022 that is estimated to cost US$ 30bn. This massive scale up is based on the success of an innovative scheme in Rajasthan State which combined the stand-alone federal and state government schemes and offered a packaged solution for the livelihood of farmers. The 'Solar water pumping program in Rajasthan' introduced a composite irrigation package through creation of water harvesting structures, recharging ground water, pumping with solar pumps and irrigating through drip. Some farmers' income levels increased four-fold and even young MBA graduates were inspired to take up farming.
  • 8. Solar Pumping and Drip Irrigation in Gurha Kumavatan Village, Jaipur District The Rajasthan Solar Pumping Program Drip irrigation schematic
  • 9. ___________________________________________________________________________________ A Project implemented by Shri Shakti Alternative Energy Ltd and funded by PACEsetter Fund, a joint initiative of MNRE, Govt of India and the US State Department via Data Loggers & GSM-SMS technology Online Web Portal Remote Monitoring of Solar Pumps and off grid Solar PV Plants Plants Real time Performance Monitoring Outsourced Service Management MIS Reporting Asset Management
  • 10. PACEsetter Fund Grant Award 27th May 2016 10
  • 11. Prototype testing on AC and DC Pumps in Rajasthan
  • 12. Online Web Platform to monitor all solar pumps and off-grid solar PV power plants Potential to monitor cultivation, crop yields and ground water levels. Linkage planned to GIS, Aadhar Card (Social Security) and Soil Health Card Prototypes tested in Rajasthan. Roll out of pilot projects in Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh in Q4 2016 Facilitating prompt service to farmers through a common pool of trained technicians Key Features of the Project
  • 13. Intended Outcomes Performance monitoring and O&M – Key enablers to help MNRE achieve its target of 1 million pumps by 2022 Real time data and performance reports to various stakeholders Establish prompt service to farmers Reduced T&D losses for State Discoms Impacts Employment generation, Skill development of local technicians Monitoring and control of resources, leading to energy and water conservation Better irrigation leads to better farming output, better rural economy Reduction in GHG emissions Multiple bottom line Impacts
  • 14. Develop new financing models for solar pumps based on potential for increased farmer’s income through crop selection, drip irrigation, horticulture, fertigation etc. Reduce dependency on subsidies on solar pumps from 85% to 50% or less. Additional income generation from the unused power of solar array. Test new financing models through a pilot to install 100 pumps at a cost of US$ 500,000. Leverage debt from NABARD or IREDA. Holistic approach to solar pumping has great alignment with policies under Prime Minister’s Farm Irrigation scheme (PMKSY) – outlay of $8bn over 5 yrs Good fit with PM’s goal to double farmers’ income by 2022. New Krishi Kalyan Cess will garner $1 bn / yr for funding agri development initiatives. Going beyond the PACEsetter Project
  • 16. Thank You DV Satya Kumar dvsk@ssael.co.in