The Pressure to Expand American Imperialism
Why did the United States join the imperialist club at the end of the 19th century? Essential Question
Imperialism <ul><li>Strong nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations </li></ul>
Economic Factors <ul><li>Increased need for natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>New markets to sell manufactured goods </l...
Nationalistic Factors <ul><li>Rise of nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devotion to one’s country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B...
Military Factors <ul><li>New technology make European armies and navies superior to Asian and African </li></ul><ul><li>Gr...
Humanitarian Factors <ul><li>Missionaries and doctors believe had duty to spread Western civilization </li></ul>
Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>Main principle of US foreign policy since the 1820s </li></ul><ul><li>US declare self neutral in E...
Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Justified US policy toward Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Annexation of Texas, acquisition of Californi...
William Seward <ul><li>Secretary of State </li></ul><ul><li>Purchased Alaska </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hope US presence on bot...
Commodore Matthew C. Perry <ul><li>1853 sailed fleet into Tokyo bay </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Japanese to start trading wit...
The Pacific <ul><li>US want control of some islands to use as refueling and repair stations  </li></ul><ul><li>Seward want...
Promote Economic Growth   <ul><li>Overproduction of food and goods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial panics </li></ul></ul><...
Promote American Security   <ul><li>Alfred T. Mahan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Influence of Sea Power Upon History </li></u...
Preserve American Spirit <ul><li>Fear US lose vitality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing frontier sap nation’s energy </li></u...
Americans Lean Toward Expansion <ul><li>Want new markets abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Want favorable trade relations </li></ul...
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American Imperialism

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American Imperialism

  1. 1. The Pressure to Expand American Imperialism
  2. 2. Why did the United States join the imperialist club at the end of the 19th century? Essential Question
  3. 3. Imperialism <ul><li>Strong nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Economic Factors <ul><li>Increased need for natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>New markets to sell manufactured goods </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nationalistic Factors <ul><li>Rise of nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devotion to one’s country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believed themselves, ideas, goals superior to those of other nations </li></ul>
  6. 6. Military Factors <ul><li>New technology make European armies and navies superior to Asian and African </li></ul><ul><li>Growing navies need bases for refueling and restocking </li></ul>
  7. 7. Humanitarian Factors <ul><li>Missionaries and doctors believe had duty to spread Western civilization </li></ul>
  8. 8. Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>Main principle of US foreign policy since the 1820s </li></ul><ul><li>US declare self neutral in European wars </li></ul><ul><li>Warned other countries not to interfere in the W. hemisphere </li></ul>
  9. 9. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Justified US policy toward Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Annexation of Texas, acquisition of California and southwestern territory </li></ul><ul><li>All early steps toward imperialism </li></ul>
  10. 10. William Seward <ul><li>Secretary of State </li></ul><ul><li>Purchased Alaska </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hope US presence on both sides of Canada force the British out of North America </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Commodore Matthew C. Perry <ul><li>1853 sailed fleet into Tokyo bay </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Japanese to start trading with the US </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Pacific <ul><li>US want control of some islands to use as refueling and repair stations </li></ul><ul><li>Seward want annexation of uninhabited Midway Islands in 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>US Treaty with Hawaii 1875 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaiians sell sugar to US duty-free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t sell/lease territory to any foreign power </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Promote Economic Growth <ul><li>Overproduction of food and goods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial panics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent economic depressions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US must secure markets abroad </li></ul><ul><li>US businessmen invest in foreign economies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Banana Republics = Central American nations dominated by US business interests </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Promote American Security <ul><li>Alfred T. Mahan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Influence of Sea Power Upon History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations economic future tied to gaining new markets abroad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need powerful navy to protect markets from foreign rivals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress need to build modern steam-powered, steel-hulled ships </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Preserve American Spirit <ul><li>Fear US lose vitality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing frontier sap nation’s energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quest for empire restore pioneer spirit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Darwinism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain racial and ethnic groups superior to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansionism is nation’s destiny and noble pursuit </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Americans Lean Toward Expansion <ul><li>Want new markets abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Want favorable trade relations </li></ul><ul><li>Political and military entanglements follow </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult, bloody, painful foreign conflicts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaii </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish-American War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philippines </li></ul></ul>

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