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Religije sveta


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Religije sveta

  1. 1. 11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 1
  2. 2. Religijska struktura11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 2
  3. 3. Udeo svetskih religija11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 3
  4. 4. Religije sa najviše vernika • Hrišćanstvo: 2.1 mld • Islam: 1.3 mld • Sekularizam/Nereligiozni/Agnosticizam/Ateizam: 1.1 mld • Hinduizam: 900 mil • Kineska tradicionalna religija: 394 mil • Budizam: 376 mil • Animizam/Šamanizam/Paganizam 300 mil • Afrička tradicionalna religija: 100 mil11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 4
  5. 5. Grana Religija Broj vernikaKatolici Hrišćan 1,05 mldSuniti Islam 940 milVaišnaviti Hinduizam 580 milPravoslavni Hrišćan 240 milŠaiviti Hinduizam 220 milKonzervativni protestanti Hrišćan 200 milMahajana Budizam 185 milLiberalni protestanti Hrišćan 150 milTeravada Budizam 124 milŠiiti Islam 120 milAfričke izvorne sekte Hrišćan 110 milPentekostal Hrišćan 105 mil 11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 5
  6. 6. Religije u XIII veku11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 6
  7. 7. Religija u Evropi 1555.g11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 7
  8. 8. Religijska karta Evrope (uprošćena)11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 8
  9. 9. Hrišćanstvo11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 9
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  12. 12. Rimokatolici 23.2% 22.5% 12.1% 13.4% 28% 0.75%11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 12
  13. 13. Protestanti % 33% 20% 10% 27% 8% 2%11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 13
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  15. 15. Islam 3% 0.35% 69.4% 27.2% 0.27% 0.02%11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 15
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  18. 18. Hrišćanstvo i islam u svetu11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 18
  19. 19. Hinduizam % 0.21% 0.23% 99.27% 0.21% 0.04% 0.04%11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 19
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  21. 21. Budizam (udeo vernika) 0.25% 98.73% 0.46% 0.01% 0.05% 0.06%11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 21
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  23. 23. Judaizam 15.9% 43.7% 35% 0.8% 4% 0.6%11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 23
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  25. 25. Founding Writings Who is God? Who is Jesus? Holy Spirit To be Saved After Death Other God the Son; begotten of the Holy Spirit and born of the Group worship in virgin Mary; only way Salvation is by Gods All await final One God in 3 churches; no secret The Bible, orig. in to Father and grace, not by good judgment; all are 30-33CE by Jesus persons, Father, Son rites; Baptism; Hebrew and Aramaic salvation; died on God the Holy Spirit; works; must be resurrected, those Christ in Judean and Holy Spirit; a Communion; JesusBiblical Christianity (Old Testament) and cross as payment for a person, not a force received by faith that saved live with Jesus province of Palestine spirit, personal and said His followers Greek (New mans sins, rose from or energy field. Jesus died for their in Heaven; those lost under Roman Empire involved, eternal, would be known by Testament) the dead, then seen sins and physically suffer separation loving and perfect. their love for one by over 500 rose again. from God (Hell). another. eyewitnesses; will come again at the end of the world. Release from the Jesus was a teacher God is "Absolute" cycles of (guru) or an avatar Reincarnation into a Worship many gods Vedas, Upanishads, universal spirit; reincarnation; 1800-1000BCE in (an incarnation of Not part of this better status (good and goddesses thatHinduism Bhagavad-Gita and everyone is part of achieved through India Vishnu); his death belief. karma) if person has are manifestations of many others God (Brahman) like meditation; final does not atone for behaved well. Brahman. drops in the sea. salvation is union sins. with Brahman. Eightfold path... right Mostly atheistic; Goal of life is People do not have a 525BCE by Not part of this knowledge, The Tripitaka (three Buddha is a universal nirvana, to eliminate soul/spirit, but ones Siddhartha Gautama belief, although Not part of this intentions, speech,Buddhism baskets) with over enlightened all desires/cravings feelings can be (Buddha) in India; generally viewed as belief. conduct, livelihood, 100 volumes. consciousness or and in this way reincarnated; no offshoot of Hinduism. an enlightened man. effort, mindfulness god. escape suffering. heaven or hell. and meditation. The Tanakh (Old Jesus seen as either God is spirit; to Some Jews believe There will be a Testament) and an extremist false Sabbath is Friday eve Orthodox Jews, God that prayer, physical resurrection; ca. 2000BCE by Torah (first 5 books messiah or a good Another name for to Saturday eve; is personal and repentance and obedient will liveJudaism Abraham in the of OT), Talmud but martyred Gods activity on circumcision; many compassionate; to obeying the Law are forever with God and middle east (explanation of teacher. Orthodox Earth. holy days; Jerusalem other Jews, God is necessary for unrighteous will Tanakh), writings of Jews await the is holy city. impersonal. salvation. suffer.11/29/2010 sages. Template copyright 2005 Messiah. 25
  26. 26. Founding Writings Who is God? Who is Jesus? Holy Spirit To be Saved After Death Other Jesus is one of Humans basically Koran in Arabic; God (Allah) is one; 124,000 prophets; Five pillars... one good; balance Hadith revealed the Koran born of a virgin but God with Muhammad between good and Resurrection of 610CE by (Muhammadss to Muhammad not Son of God; was as prophet, pray 5 bad deeds bodies; final Muhammad (570- words and deeds); through Gabriel; God sinless; ascended to See the angel Gabriel times daily, giveIslam determines eternal reckoning; eternal 632) in Mecca and certain Biblical works is a severe judge heaven without dying as the Holy Spirit. money (alms), fast destiny in paradise or hell for infidels, those Medina. accepted but (sometimes merciful) (not crucified); a during month of hell; Gods mercy is who reject Islam. considered and is not depicted messiah and Ramadan, pilgrimage arbitrary and corrupted. as loving. ayatollah (sign of to Mecca. uncertain. God). God is an One of many 1844CE by Mizra Ali unknowable divine manifestations of Faith in the Muhammed (the Personal immortality Originated as Islamic Writings of founders; revealed thru 9 God; is not God and manifestation(s) of Bab) and Mizra based on good sect; teaches that all Kitab-i-Aqdas and manifestations, did not rise from the Divine energy from God; knowing andBahai World Faith Husayn Ali works; heaven and religions have the Kitab-i-Iqan; The including Moses, dead; not the only God. living by Bahaullahs (Bahaullah, glory of hell are conditions same source, Bible Buddha, Confucius, way to God; returned principles and Allah) in Iran; HQ in not places. principles and aims. Jesus, Muhammad to Earth in the form teachings. Haifa, Israel. and Hahaullah. of Bahaullah. No alcohol, tobacco, God the Father Separate from Resurrected by or caffeine; near- (Elohim) was once Elohim; created by grace, but saved Three separate mandatory 2-year man but became sexual union of (exalted to godhood) The Bible (King kingdoms (heavens) mission; secret 1830CE by Joseph God; he has a Elohim and Mary; Separate from Father by works, incl. James version); Book with some achieving temple ritualsMormonism Smith, Jr. (1805- physical body and a Jesus was married; and Son; an faithfulness to of Mormon; Doctrine godhood; apostates members only;(Latter-day Saints) 1844) in western NY; wife; no trinity, 3 death on cross does electricity-like church, baptism, and Covenants; Pearl (heathens) and extensive social HQ in Salt Lake City separate gods; not provide full emanation from God. tithing, marriage and of Great Price murderers go to work; Blacks not worthy men may one atonement for all sin, rituals; no eternal life outer darkness. granted full access to day become gods but does provide all without Mormon priesthood and themselves. with resurrection. membership. privileges until 1978. First creation of Jehovah; Jesus is not God; before coming to Earth, was Michael Anointed ones may the archangel; take part in yearly Jehovah made the Baptism as JW; must The 144,000 Lords Evening Meal; 1879CE by Charles universe thru earn everlasting life (already reached) Impersonal Holy do not observeJehovahs Russell (1852-1916) The Bible (New World Michael; died on a on Earth by door-to- live as spirits in One-person God, Spirit not God, but holidays orWitnesses in Pennsylvania, later only); Watchtower stake, was door work; salvation heaven; rest must Jehovah; no trinity. invisible force from birthdays; do not(Watchtower) Joseph Rutherford; publications resurrected as a in heaven limited to live on Earth for Jehovah. vote, salute flag, HQ Brooklyn, NY. spirit; returned 144,000 anointed 1000 years or be work in military, or visibly in 1914; very ones. annihilated. accept blood soon he and the transfusions. angels will destroy all non-Jehovahs11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 Witnesses (Armageddon). 26
  27. 27. Founding Writings Who is God? Who is Jesus? Holy Spirit To be Saved After Death Other Jesus was a perfect man, not God; the Divine Principle by God is both positive son of Zechariah, not Moon considered the Spirit world; no and negative; the born a virgin; Completed resurrection; universe is Gods mission (failed) was Obedience to the 1954CE by Moon in Testament, Outline A feminine spirit who members advance by Mass marriages;Unification Church "body"; God does not to unite Jews and True Parents (Moon South Korea; HQ in of the Principle, and leads people to convincing others to contact with spirits of(Sun Myung Moon) know the future, is form perfect family; and wife) eliminates NYC. The Bible; believe Moon. follow Moon; the dead. suffering and needs did not rise from the sins. Bible is a textbook everyone will be man to make Him dead; second coming teaching truth, but saved, even Satan. happy. of Christ is Moon, not truth itself. who is superior to Jesus. Unity magazine, 1889CD by Charles Invisible impersonal No evil, no devil, no Death is result of Lessons of Truth, Jesus was a man, not and Myrtle Fillmore in power; sin; reincarnation wrong thinking;Unity School of Metaphysical Bible the Christ; Christ is a The law of God in Prayer ministry by Kansas City; HQ in interchangeable with until he learns truths reincarnation untilChristianity Dictionary, the Bible state of perfection in action. phone and mail. Unity Village, Principle, law, being, and becomes enlightenment; no with interpretation of every person. Missouri. mind, spirit. "perfect". literal heaven or hell. "hidden" meanings Science and Health, Death is not real; Members use With Key to the Impersonal principle Jesus was not the heaven and hell are Christian Science 1875CE by Mary Scriptures, Manual of of life, truth, love, Humanity is already Christ, but a man states of mind; the practitioners instead Baker Eddy in the Mother Church, intelligence and eternally saved; sin,Christian Science who displayed the Impersonal power. way to reach heaven of doctors; healing Massachusetts; HQ in Christian Science spirit; God is all that evil, sickness and Christ idea is by attaining comes from realizing Boston. Journal and Sentinel; truly exists, matter is death are not real. (perfection). harmony (oneness one cannot be sick or the Bible (not as an illusion. with God). die. reliable). No sin or need to repent; salvation is freedom from Dianetics: The reincarnation; one Modern Science of Does not define God; must work with an Hell is a myth; Observe birth of 1954 by L. Ron Mental Health and everyone is a Not a part of this Not a part of this "auditor" on his people who get clear Hubbard; muchScientology Hubbard in others by Hubbard; "thetan", an belief. belief. "engrams" (hang- of engrams become controversy follows California. HQ in LA. The Way to immortal spirit. ups) to achieve the operating thetans. this faith. Happiness. state of "clear" then progress up the "bridge to total11/29/2010 Template copyright 2005 freedom". 27
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