Past p. perfect

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Past p. perfect

  1. 1. Present perfect & Past simple <ul><li>Have you ever been to Rome? </li></ul><ul><li>+ Yes, I have. </li></ul><ul><li>No I haven’t. </li></ul><ul><li>HAVE / HAS+Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>I have You have </li></ul><ul><li>S/he/it has + lived there </li></ul><ul><li>I have not (haven’t) </li></ul><ul><li>She has not (hasn’t) + lived there Have you … Has he + lived there ? © Dulce Rosales </li></ul>
  2. 2. Have you ever eaten snails? <ul><li>I have never eaten snails (in my life ) </li></ul><ul><li>I have eaten snails once ( in my life- we do not say when) </li></ul><ul><li>But > I ate snails yesterday/ last Saturday ( we specify the time when we did the action) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The present perfect is used when the time period has NOT finished:>>>>> </li></ul><ul><li>I have seen three films this week . (This week has not finished yet.) </li></ul><ul><li>The past simple is used when the time period HAS finished:>>>>> </li></ul><ul><li>I saw three films last week . (Last week has finished.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The present perfect is often used when giving recent news: </li></ul><ul><li>Mark has crashed his car again . ( This is new information, past and present are connected .) </li></ul><ul><li>The past simple is used when giving older information: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark crashed his car last year . (This is ‘old’ information.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. I saw that film on Thursday . (We know exactly when.) The past simple is used when the time is clear: >>>> I have seen that film already. (We don't know when .) The present perfect is used when the time is not specific: >>>>
  6. 6. PRESENT PERFECT + FOR /SINCE How long have you lived in this town? I’ve lived here SINCE 1992 . I’ve lived here FOR 11 years. * Use SINCE with a point in time ( last week, last year, my birthday, I was born, etc.) * Use FOR + a period of time ( three days, many years, a long time, two weeks , etc.)
  7. 7. Expressions with FOR and SINCE <ul><li>FOR… </li></ul><ul><li>… two years </li></ul><ul><li>… a long time </li></ul><ul><li>… ages </li></ul><ul><li>… a couple of hours </li></ul><ul><li>… a few days </li></ul><ul><li>… more than three months, etc </li></ul><ul><li>SINCE… </li></ul><ul><li>… 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>… she was a child </li></ul><ul><li>… we were at school </li></ul><ul><li>… her last birthday </li></ul><ul><li>… the lates 90s </li></ul><ul><li>… I was born </li></ul><ul><li>… last weekend </li></ul>
  8. 8. I lived in Michigan for five years. (I don't live in Michigan now.) The past simple is used with for and since , when the actions have already finished : >>>> I have lived in Michigan for five years. (I still live in Michigan.) The present perfect is used with for and since , when the actions have not finished yet : >>>>
  9. 9. Just, already, yet I have already finished. I have just finished Have you finished yet ? No, not yet . I haven’t finished yet.
  10. 10. Remember Use the past simple: for finished actions, when the time is clear . I saw a film last night. Use the present perfect to talk about experiences and when there is a connection between the past and the present. I have been to Madrid many times. © Dulce Rosales

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