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Settlement Revision Hobart High School 2008


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Settlement Revision Hobart High School 2008

  1. 1. Settlement Revision 2008
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Location of Settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Settlement Hierarchy & Land Use </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Patterns in Settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Declining Settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Growing Settlements </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a settlement? Definitions <ul><li>A settlement is a place where people live. Settlements come in lots of different sizes. A settlement may be as small as a single house in a remote area or as a large as a mega city (a city with over 10 million residents). </li></ul><ul><li>A settlement may be permanent or temporary . An example of a temporary settlement would be a refugee camp . However, a temporary settlement may become permanent over time. This has happened to many refugee camps that have been built in conflict zones. </li></ul><ul><li>The reasons why a settlement developed or was built can be thought of as its function . For example, the settlement of Southampton is a port. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Origins – why they are there! <ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Settlement Hierachy
  6. 6. Keywords <ul><li>Define </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sphere of influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Page 86 revision guide </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Land Use Models
  8. 8. Changes to Land Use <ul><li>In many MEDCs people are moving out of urban areas and relocating on the edge of towns:   </li></ul><ul><li>The area where the countryside meets the city is called the rural-urban fringe . Housing developments in these areas are often called suburbs . </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentalists and environmental groups are concerned that as more and more people move to the rural-urban fringe, urban areas will spread into the countryside. This is called urban sprawl . </li></ul><ul><li>In the UK, green belts are used to protect areas of countryside from urban sprawl. A green belt is an area of green land around a large city where development is restricted. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people are moving out of the city altogether and relocating in rural areas. The movement of people from urban areas to the countryside is called counter-urbanisation . </li></ul><ul><li>As well as the movement of people out of urban areas, businesses and services have also moved </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions <ul><li>Land Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the CBD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why are land values high in a CBD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do terraced houses dominate many old inner city areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the characteristic land use features of the rural-urban fringe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changing Land Use </li></ul>
  10. 10. Growing Cities <ul><li>Jakarta, Indonesia (see Handout) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital of Indonesia, Pop 14 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth due to Rural-Urban Migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land shortages in Country </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paid work in cities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City has contrasts Shanty towns & high Rises </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems and Solutions </li></ul></ul>