1. The Great War (WWI) ended on Nov 11, 1918 (the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month)2. The Paris Peace Conference was held at The Palace of Versailles , France.3. Germany was NOT included in the decisions made at the Paris Peace Conference.
4. What did each major country want from the treaty and from Germany?France:1. Revenge!!!2. Guarantee that war would never happen again.3. Germany stripped of all its wealth and military forces.
USA1. Peace – no secret treaties2. Decreased arms3. To form the League of Nations (early UN) to protect countries.Britain1. Wanted an economically stable Germany so it would be a good future trading partner.2. Feared the rise of Communism in a weak Germany.
5. What were the terms of the Treaty ofVersailles that Germany was forced to agree to?Territorial Losses:1. A new map of Europe was drawn.2. Germany lost land to France (Alsace- Lorraine), Poland, and Czechoslovakia.3. Lost all her overseas colonies.4. Unification between Austria and Germany was forbidden.
Military Losses1. The Rhineland was de-militarized. No military allowed along the French border.2. Army reduced to 100,000 troops, no heavy artillery or tanks3. Navy, including U-Boats, to be handed over to the British.4. Not allowed to have an air force.
3. Reparations Germany had to pay the Great Britain, France and Belgium 32 billion pounds .4. War Guilt Clause Germany alone had to accept full blame for the war!!!!What did the Germans do at Scapa Flow?Scuttled (sank) the German naval fleet.