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Ch12 Reformation Ii


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Ch12 Reformation Ii

  1. 1. About Indulgences, Johann Tetzel’s Slogan: <ul><li>“ As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs!” </li></ul>
  2. 2. Martin Luther - Germany
  3. 3. 95 Critiques: Posted them to the door Reform topics for debate
  4. 4. Martin Luther Video Clip
  5. 5. Martin Luther (pages 391–393) <ul><li>Martin Luther was a monk and professor at the University of Wittenberg, where he lectured on the Bible.  </li></ul><ul><li>Through his study of the Bible, Luther came to reject the Catholic teaching that both faith and good works were necessary for salvation.  </li></ul><ul><li>He believed human deeds were powerless to affect God and that salvation was through faith alone.  </li></ul>
  6. 6. Martin Luther (cont.) <ul><li>The idea of justification (being made right before God) by faith alone is the Protestant Reformation’s chief teaching.  </li></ul><ul><li>For all Protestants, the Bible, not the Church, became the only source of religious truth. </li></ul>(pages 391–393)
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Edict of Worms made Luther an outlaw in the empire.  </li></ul><ul><li>His books were to be burned and Luther delivered to the emperor.  </li></ul><ul><li>Luther’s local ruler, however, protected him. </li></ul>Martin Luther (cont.) (pages 391–393)
  8. 8. <ul><li>Luther’s religious movement soon became a revolution.  </li></ul><ul><li>Luther set up new services to replace the Mass, featuring Bible readings, preaching the word of God, and song.  </li></ul><ul><li>His doctrine became known as Lutheranism, the first Protestant faith. </li></ul>Martin Luther (cont.) (pages 391–393)
  9. 11. The Reformation in England (pages 397–398) <ul><li>Not religion but politics brought about the English Reformation.  </li></ul><ul><li>King Henry VIII wanted to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, whom he thought could not give him a male heir.  </li></ul><ul><li>The pope was unwilling to annul (declare invalid) his marriage, however, and Henry turned to England’s church courts.  </li></ul><ul><li>The archbishop of Canterbury ruled that Henry’s marriage to Catherine was null and void. </li></ul>
  10. 12. The Reformation in England (Video)
  11. 13. The Reformation in England (cont.) <ul><li>Henry then married Anne Boleyn, who was crowned queen and who gave birth to a girl.  </li></ul><ul><li>The child later would become Queen Elizabeth I. </li></ul>(pages 397–398)
  12. 14. The Anabaptists and Effects on the Role of Women (pages 398–400) <ul><li>The radical Anabaptists rejected the involvement of the state in church affairs.  </li></ul><ul><li>To them the true Christian church was a voluntary community of adult believers who had undergone spiritual rebirth and had then been baptized.  </li></ul><ul><li>This belief in adult baptism separated the Anabaptists from both Catholics and Protestants, who baptized infants. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Development of Protestantism
  14. 16. The Result of the Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Find your religion on the following slides. </li></ul><ul><li>(do not need to copy) </li></ul>