Ch10 Sec1 Crusades

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Crusades, World History, Middle Ages

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Ch10 Sec1 Crusades

  1. 1. Chapter 9 & 10 Notes
  2. 2. High Middle Ages <ul><li>Turning Point: 1215: Signing of the Magna Carta -“The Great Charter” </li></ul><ul><li>King John of England forced to sign </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Magna Carta The Great Charter
  4. 4. The Magna Carta = Checks and Balances on the King’s Power
  5. 5. Magna Carta 1215 <ul><li>It recognized the rights of nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Kept King from being an absolute ruler = “Checks & Balances” </li></ul><ul><li>Step towards the people taking back power </li></ul>
  6. 6. King John Signs the “Great Charter”
  7. 7. Justinian Reign Accomplishments <ul><li>Codification of Roman Law </li></ul><ul><li>Became the legal system of latter day Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in the book: “ The Body of Civil Law” </li></ul>
  8. 8. English Parliament Emerges <ul><li>During the reign of Edward I </li></ul><ul><li>An important development of representative government </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1. 2 knights from every county </li></ul><ul><li>2. 2 people from every town </li></ul><ul><li>3. All nobles and bishops throughout England </li></ul>English Parliament Emerges
  10. 11. The Crusades <ul><li>Campaigns to reclaim the holy land from Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Urban II led the initial crusades </li></ul>
  11. 12. Urban II – A Pope’s Promise <ul><li>“ All who die… whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the pagans, shall have immediate remission (forgiveness) for sins.” </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Path to War
  13. 14. Effect on the Economy of Europe <ul><li>Average Crusader saved 6 years of income for one year of crusading </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants throughout Europe charged high prices and made huge profits </li></ul>
  14. 16. “ Return from the Crusades”
  15. 17. Effect of Crusades on Europe <ul><li>Crusades benefited Italian port cities through increased trade </li></ul><ul><li>First Jewish Holocaust – Christian massacre of Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Feudal System Collapse </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Creation of 4 strong nation-states: </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal, Spain, England, & France </li></ul>Effect of Crusades on Europe
  17. 19. Video: The Crusades

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