Ch 14 Absolutism Part 1


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Absolutism, Chapter 14 in World History.

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Ch 14 Absolutism Part 1

  1. 1. Chapter 14 – Crisis and Absolutism in Europe
  2. 2. Chapter 14 Summary <ul><li>Wars of the 16 th century pitted Protestants against Catholics.  </li></ul><ul><li>From 1560 to 1650, wars and economic and social crises plagued Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>European monarchs sought economic and political stability through absolutism and the divine right of kings.  </li></ul><ul><li>The people become concerned with order and power </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mary & Elizabeth Tutor
  4. 4. The French Wars of Religion <ul><li>Calvinism and Catholicism had become militant (combative) religions by 1560.  </li></ul><ul><li>Their struggle for converts and against each other was the main cause </li></ul><ul><li>The Huguenots were French Protestants influenced by John Calvin.  </li></ul><ul><li>Huguenots = 7% of the pop. But 50% of nobility, including the house of Bourbon </li></ul>
  5. 5. Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre Ultra Catholics Vs. Huguenots (Calvinistic Protestants)
  6. 6. The French Wars of Religion (cont.) <ul><li>Townspeople were willing to help nobles weaken the monarchy - became a base of opposition against the Catholic king.  </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war raged for 30 years until in 1589, Henry of Navarre, leader of the Huguenots, succeeded to the throne as Henry IV. </li></ul><ul><li>He issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598.  </li></ul><ul><li>It recognized Catholicism as France’s official religion, but gave the Huguenots the right to worship </li></ul>
  7. 7. Coronation of Henry IV
  8. 8. Henry of Navarre becomes Henry IV French King – converts to Catholicism
  9. 9. Phillip II and Militant Catholicism <ul><li>King Philip II of Spain was the greatest supporter of militant Catholicism.  </li></ul><ul><li>He ruled from 1556 to 1598, period of greatness in Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Strict adherence to Catholicism and support for the monarchy.  </li></ul><ul><li>Spain - the nation God chose to save Catholic Christianity from the Protestant heretics. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Philip II of Spain * “The Most Catholic King”
  11. 11. Philip – tried to use marriage as a political tool. Married Mary (England) – Liz’s sister
  12. 12. 1554 Shillilng – Philip & Mary
  13. 13. <ul><li>Spain was the world’s most populous empire when Philip’s reign ended in 1598.  </li></ul><ul><li>It seemed a great power, but in reality Philip had bankrupted the country by spending too much on war.  </li></ul><ul><li>Real power shifted to England. </li></ul>Phillip II and Militant Catholicism (cont.)
  14. 14. The England of Elizabeth <ul><li>Elizabeth Tudor ascended to the throne of England in 1558.  </li></ul><ul><li>During her reign, this small island became the leader of the Protestant nations and laid the foundation for becoming a world empire. </li></ul><ul><li>She tried to keep France and Spain from becoming too powerful by supporting first one and then the other, balancing their power.  </li></ul>
  15. 15. Video: A princess becomes a queen
  16. 17. Page 433 – Queen Elizabeth’s Golden Speech
  17. 19. The Spanish Armada!
  18. 20. The England of Elizabeth (cont.) <ul><li>In 1588, Spain sent an armada –a fleet of warships–to invade England.  </li></ul><ul><li>Yet the fleet that sailed had neither the manpower nor the ships to be victorious.  </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish fleet was battered in numerous encounters and finally sailed home by a northward route around Scotland and Ireland, where storms sank many ships. </li></ul>
  19. 22. Elizabeth I Defeats Spanish
  20. 23. The Defeat of the Spanish Armada
  21. 24. Defeat of the Armada
  22. 27. What makes a King or Queen Strong? What makes them a respected and powerful ruler?