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1. In 1950, a teenager was simply someone _________ between 13 and 19.
2. A whole series of industries, which were ________ at the teenage
market, grew up during the 1950s.
3. Therefore, cinemas became more expensive to get to, and in ________
audience numbers declined even more.
4. A man's suit of 1925 would not have looked out of ________ in 1950 or
5. ______________ mainly to changes in technology, clothes today are
6. My manager has ________ some questions about his business.
7. As he always said, he took a scientific __________ in the unexplained.
8. The Hays Code was often the ___________ of jokes, very often because
it was so specific.
9. By the time the children get to four or five, they have already been
________ into their social roles.
10. Men still expect their jobs to take ____________.
11. Uncontrollable bush fires __________ by high winds engulfed nearly
300 houses in the states of Victoria and South Australia.
12. A six-meter shark dies after trying to swallow a man ______.
13. Help is _________ for sufferers from the flue epidemic which broke
out before Christmas.
on the way
in the way
by the way
over the way
14. In the late 1970s a newspaper _________ an opinion poll.
15. After a lot of difficulty, he __________ to open the door.
16. Finding the money is just one of the problems _________ in buying a
17. Modern architecture, in many _________ , is horribly ugly.
18. The examiners often __________ extremely difficult questions for the
19. ______________ that he only started learning it two years ago, his
English is excellent.
20. She ____________ 20 pounds out of the bank every Monday.
21. Marietta had _______ (a ferocious) appetite after running that race.
22. The tops of the _______ (a submerged) mountain chain form the
islands of Japan.
23. Hungting and killing lions was a favorite _________ (pastime) of
24. he ______ (fervently) believed that the hard work would be
worthwhile in the long run.
25. There was no way to ________ (pacify) the workers once the strike
26. When the bell rang, the chemistry student ________ (jerked) her
hand and spilled the acid.
27. ________ (subsequent) events proved the man to be right.
28. He is _______ (dubious) about the success of the plan.
29. His natural intelligence and his experience enabled him to ______
(cope) with the problem.
30. The man _______ (neglected) to file his income tax and therefore had
to pay a fine.
31. As soon as the consumer protection law was passed, some
manufacturers began to ________ to have it changed.
32. I'm so tired that I can't take __________ what you're saying.
33. Prizes are awarded _________ the number of points scored.
34. When her millionaire father died, the heiress ____________ a
35. After his grilfriend left him, George determined never ________ in
for to fall
36. __________, Nathan Hale was a young schoolteacher living in
When the American Revolution began
The American Revolution
It was when the American Revolution
The beginning of the American Revolution
37. Penguins usually do not get wet ____________ their feathers are kept
oily by tiny oil glands.
38. In explaining the theory of relativity, the scientist states that
mechanical laws that are true in one place _____________ equally valid
in any other place.
they should be
39. ____________ is called erosion.
The wearing away of land
When the land wears away
Land which wears away
Wearing away land
40. ___________ we drove the horses into the stable.
Aware that a tornado was brewing
Because a tornado brewing
Although a tornado was brewing
A tornado was brewing
41. _____________ to find stars in pairs.
It is very common
Being very common
Very common is
That is very common
42. For the first time ____________, large portions of the universe can be
of the beginning of history
43. The committee has met and ____________.
they have reached a decision
it has formulated themselves some opinions
its decision was reached at
it has reached a decision
44. Precausions are taken _____________ a hurricane threatens to strike
the coast of the United States.
45. Tears _______ anger and tension naturally.
what they relieve
46. In a single day, _________ are as many as thousands of people
involved in business deals in one area.
47. Paper ________ from cellulose fibers.
which is produced
48. She wanted to serve some coffee to her guests; however,
she hadn't many sugar
there was not a great amount of the sugar
she did not have much sugar
she was lacking in amount of the sugar
49. Having been served lunch, __________________.
the problem was discussed by the members of the committee
the committee discussed the problem
it was discussed by the committee members the problem
a discussion of the problem was made by the members of the
50. __________________ received law degrees as today.
Never so many women have
Never have so many women
The women aren't ever
Women who have never
51. Bigamy is a situation in which a man ___________ two women at the
is marry to
is married to
52. Bees have compound eyes ____________ of almost 6000 tiny lenses.
53. ________________ the reactions of people with amnesia, scientists are
learning more about the process of memory in the brain.
54. ________________ in any electric typewriter is the ability to correct
There are many new features
The new features
One of the new features
55. The weather in the far north is not _______________ it is near the
like humid as
as humid as
so humid that
56. A dog __________ on his owner's lap may refuse to eat from a bowl
on the floor.
57. The impact of two vehicles can cause a lot of ________ to both.
58. The greatest ___________ between fresh water and sea water lies in
its concentration of salt.
is a difference
59. 'Sky-diving' must be one of the most exciting sport ____________.
60. On Tuesday August 11th, 1911 a young artist, Louis Beraud, arrived
at the Louvre in Paris __________ a painting of the Salen Carré.
61. Questions 61- 68:
Chester Arthur, the twenty-first President of the United States, was an
unlikely holder of the highest office in the land. Born in Vermont in
1830, he was son of an Irish immigrant father and a New Hampshire
mother. After becoming a lawyer in New York, he joined the Republican
Party and eventually came to hold a number of state offices there,
including a position as head of the New York Customs House. Though
personally honest, Arthur's administration was marred by corrupt
practices, and he was removed from office in 1878.
When James Garfield was elected as the Republican Party's presidential
candidate in 1880, Arthur, who belonged to a faction that had supported
the renomination of President Grant, was offered the Vice-Presidency as
a concilatory gesture. Arthur accepted, and then, in 1881, was elevated to
the Presidency following Garfield's assasination.
In view of his far-from-unblemished record and his lack of strong
political support, even within his own party, Arthur's move to the White
House was viewed with great concern by many Americans, but, to the
astonishment of most, his administration proved to be a competent and
honest one. However, he never was elected President in his own right,
being defeated for the nomination at his party's convention in 1884, and
dying in November two years later of Bright's disease during the
presidency of a Democrat, Grover Cleveland.
61: How does the writer describe the fact that Arthur became President?
62. Chester Arthur was ....
of mixed Iris-American stock
born of Irish parents
born in New Hampshire
born in New York
63. Which of the following best describes Arthur's tenure as the head of
the New York Customs House?
a thorougly corrupt admisnitration
one suffering from much corruption that Arthur, though not
involved, failed to remedy
one which, in spite of the efforts of honest officials, was made corrupt
by its leader
one in which corruption was not eradicated from Arthur's office until
64. Why was Arthur invited to become Garfield's running-mate?
because his support for President Grant was half-hearted
because of his previous record in office
because Garfield wanted to hold the Republican Party together
because there was a danger of Garfield's being assasinated
65. During his years as President, Arthur was
a cause of great concern to the American people
a pleasant surprise to most people
far from unblemished in his conduct
the focus of strong political support
66. Who was the twentieth President of the United States?
67. In his bid for re-election, Arthur was defeated by ...
a fellow Republican
an unnamed Democrat
68. How old was Chester Arthur when he died?
69. Questions 69-75
Horace Pippin, as an African-American soldier during World War I, was
wounded in his right arm. He discovered, however, that by keeping his
right wrist steady with his left hand, he could paint and draw. Pippin
was not trained, but his artistic sensitivity and intuitive feel for two-
dimensional design and the arrangement of color and patterns made him
one of the finest Primitive artists America has produced.
Pippin did a series of paintings on the abolitionist John Brown and one
on his war experiences, but he shied away from social issues for the most
part and achieved his greatest success with scenes of the people and
places of his hometown of West Chester, Pennsylvania. His "Domino
Players", featuring four women gathered around a wooden table in a
simple kitchen setting, is an excellent example of his rural domestic
69: According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about
It is two-dimensional.
Colors and patterns are important
Artists do not have to be trained for it
It is used primarily for paining portraits
70. Horace Pippin discovered he could paint and draw...
during World War I
when he completed his artistic training
when someone reminded him of his artistic sensitivity
by holding his right wrist steady with his left hand.
71. Where in the passage is the name of Pippin's hometown mentioned?
72. It may be inferred from the passage that Pippin
had a simple upbringing
was obsessed with the subject of abolition
was devastated by his war experiences
wanted nothing to do with his past
73. The word "arrangement" in the passage could best be replaced by
which of the following?
74. With which of the following statements would the author probably
Horace Pippin was a poorly trained, mediocre artist.
Primitive art is an excuse for lack of training and talent.
Horace Pippin made a significant contribution to American art.
Horace Pippin placed too much emphasis on social issues in his work.
75. This passage would most likely be required reading in which course?
76. Questions 76-80
A preventive medicine specialist may have found the reason for the
"addictive" properties of regular exercise. The finding may also explain
why athletes often fail to notice an injury until after the competition is
over. Dr. Lee S. Berk has found that persons who exercise regularly
produce high levels of a natural opiate called beta-endorphin in response
to strenuous activity. This substance, a hormone produced by brain and
the pituitary gland, increases pain tolerance, counters stress, and imparts
a feeling of well-being. In his study of six men and six women who were
tested on a treadmill, those who jogged regularly and were physically fit
produced beta-endprphin more rapidly and in far greater amounts than
those who were usually sedentary. After the activity was stopped, beta-
endorphin vevels drops back to normal. In the nonrunners, only a small
rise in beta-endorphin occured while they exercised. However, a larger
increase in beta-endorphin production was noted some time after the
activity was finished, when it was ineffective. Dr.Berk noted that beta-
endorphin production may also account for other benefits of vigorous
exercise, sich as its ability to lower blood pressure and suppress appetite,
both of which are known effects of the hormone. "Beta-endorphin may
also explain why people become addicted to exercise," Dr. Berk said.
76: According to the passage, all of the following are direct effects of
a feeling of well-being
an increased tolerance of pain
improved physical strength
77. In persons who exercise regularly, beta-endorphin is produced
while they are exercising
after vigorous activity is over
as soon as an injury occurs
whenever their blood pressure rises
78. How many people participated in the study?
79. According to the passage, which of the following is true of people who
get no strenuous physical exercise?
They usually have high blood pressure.
They do not generally feel well.
They produce little beta-endorphin.
They outnumber those who jog regularly.
80. It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following people
might benefit the most from the effects of beta-endorphin?
Those who want to lose weight.
Those addicted to opiates.
Those who work inefficiently.
Those with low blood pressure
81. Questions 81-90
Botany, the study of plants, occupies a peculiar position in the history of
human knowledge. For many thousands of years, it was the one field of
awareness about which humans had anything more than the vaguest of
insights. It is impossible to know today just what our Stone Age
ancestors knew about plants, but from what we can observe of
preindustrial societies that still exist, a detailed learning of plants and
their properties must be extremely ancient. This is logical. Plants are the
basis of the food pyramid for all living things, even for other plants. They
have always been enormously important to the welfare of people, not
only for food, but alsoo for clothing, weapons, tools, dyes, medicines,
shelter and a great many other purposes. Tribes living today in the
jungles of the Amazon recognize literally hundreds of plants and know
many properties of each. To them, botany, as such, has no name and is
probably not even recognized as a special branch of "knowledge" at all.
Unfortunately, the more industrialized we become the farther away we
move from direct contact with plants, and the less distinct our knowldge
of botany grows. Yet everyone comes unconsciously on an amazing
amount of botanical knowledge, and few people will fail to recognize a
rose, an apple, or an orchid. When our Neolithic ancestors, living in the
Middle East about 10,000 years ago, discovered that certain grasses
could be harvested and their seeds planted for richer yields the next
season, the first great step in a new association of plants and humans was
taken. Grains were discovered and from them flowed the marvel of
agriculture: cultivated crops. From then on, humans would increasingly
take their living from the controlled production of a few plants, rather
than getting a little here and a little there from many varieties that grew
wild - and the accumulated knowledge of tens of thousands of years of
experience and intimacy with plants in the wild would begin to fade
81: Which of the following assumptionsabout early humans is expressed
in the passage?
They probably had extensive knowledge of plants.
They divided knowledge into well-defined fields.
They did not enjoy the study of botany.
They placed great importance on owndership of property.
82. The word "peculiar" in the passage is closest in meaning to ....
83. What does the comment "This is logical" in the passage mean?
There is no clear way to determine the extent of our ancestors'
knowledge of plants.
It is not surprising that early humans had a detailed knowledge of
It is reasonable to assume that our ancestors behaved very much like
people in preindustrial societies.
Human knowledge of plants is well organized and very detailed.
84. The phrase "properties of each" in the passage refers to each...
85. According to the passage, why has general knowledge of botany
People no longer value plants as a useful resource.
Botany is not recognized as a special branch of science.
Research is unable to keep up with the increasing number of plants.
Direct contact with a variety of plants had decreased.
86. In the passage, what is the author's purpose in mentioning "a rose, an
apple, or an orchid?"
To make the passage more poetic.
To cite examples of plants that are attractive.
To give botanical examples that most readers will recognize
To illustrate the diversity of botanical life.
87. According to the passage, what was the first great step toward the
practice of agriculture?
The invention of agricultural implementations and machinery.
The development of a system of names for plants.
The discovery of grasses that could be harvested and replanted.
The changing diets of early humans.
88. The word "controlled" in the passage is closest in meaning to...
89. The relationship between botany and agriculture is similar to the
relationship between zoology (the study of animals) and ...
90. Where in the passage does the author describe the benefits people
derive from plants?
91. Questions 91-100
We live in a scientific age, which means that everything we do is based on
rational decisions and careful investigation of the facts. Nobody is given a
job because his eyes are blue, even though we sometimes refer to the
boss's favourite as his "blue-eyed boy." Nobody buys a house because the
moon shines through the bedroom windows on certain nights in the
month. We would not dream of marrying someone simply because of the
shape of their fingernails. No, we all agree that we act, or try to act,
sensibly and as a result of using our brains.
If this is the case, I should like to know what makes so many people read
the horoscopes which are to be found in practically every newspaper and
magazine in the country. They will tell you, of course, that they do not
believe a word of it, that it is all nonsense, just a bit of fun. And yet
horoscopes are big business. There is a good living to be made from
writing "professional" horoscopes for people who are prepared to
provide their full name, and the date, time and exact place of birth,
together with a handsome fee. I recently got someone to do my
horoscope. (I did not pay for it, so to that extent I feel superior!) and I
would not mind reproducing part of it for you to see. I say "part of it"
because it is very long and you might get bored after a while, although
the lady who did it for me asserts that I only want you to see the bits that
are most flattering.
Now, of course, I do not believe in what she wrote, and I think she
describes my character accurately for the simple reason that she knows
me very well anyway. But I have been unnerved more than a few times in
my life by being identified at once as a "Gemini" type by people who did
not know anything about me, except what they had been able to learn
from a short acquaintance.
Similarly, I once had my palm read by a young lady who did not know
me at all. Please understand that I did not really believe in palmistry at
the time. My reason for letting her read my palm was that she was a very
pretty young lady, and it seemed an excellent excuse for holding her
hand, or rather letting her hold mine, and getting to know her better.
Our relationship, I regret to say, did not develope owing to the sudden
arrival of her regullar boy-friend, but she had had enough time by then
to do a character sketch of me that was devastatingly accurate.
I was so impressed by her performance that I got another lady (who was
not quite so young or pretty, so at least I had no ulterior motive this
time) to show me how to interpret the lines of the hand, and other
features such as hand shape, relative length of the fingers and so on. I
tried out my new-found knowledge in a number of light-hearted
situations, but it soon became something more than a mere party trick. I
have sometimes been so accurate in my interpretations of the good and
bad features of character that I have unintentionally offended people I
It is important to distinguish between reading hands to interpret
character, and reading hands to predict an individual's future; the
former seems much more likely to have some basis of truth than the
latter. All the same, we have all met people who have been told things
about their future by gypsies, clairvoyants and the like, and who swear
that these things have come true. Many quite ordinary people, who make
no special claims to have the gift of foresight, have had premonitions of
such misfortunes as illness, deaths in the family and accidents; so many,
in fact, that there must be more to this business of foretelling the future
than meets the eye.
The paradox is that in this scientific age, when we claim to believe only
what we can prove, we go on reading horoscopes or visiting the fortune
teller at the fair, which are almost certainly worthless; but at the same
time, we refuse to take seriously the few scientific investigations that
have been made into what we might call the paranormal or the
supernatural. Obviously, we want to have our cake and eat it. Personally,
I remain completely sceptical about astrology, but I am convinced that
our minds and our bodies are much mroe complex than we realise.
Therefore; it is foolish to reject some kinds of human experience just
because at the moment we cannot find any rational scientific explanation
91: The writer sees a contradiction between the popualrity of horoscopes
and the fact that...
most people say they are nonsense.
we live in a scientific age.
newsspaper horoscopes are not scientifically prepared.
they are quite expensive when they are done professionally.
92. The writer will reveal only parts of his horoscopes, not the whole
thing, because he...
is ashamed of some parts of it.
only wants us to see the complimentary parts.
does not think we would be interested in the whole thing.
simply wants to illustrate his argument (point of view).
93. The writer thinks his horoscope was accurate because the woman
who wrote it...
had spent many years studying astrology.
already knew that he was born under the sign "Gemini".
did it out of interest, not for money.
already knew a lot about him.
94. The first time the writer had his palm read, it was because he wanted
find out more about palmistry.
hold a young lady's hand.
get to know a young lady better.
see how much the young lady knew about him
95. He wanted to learn how to read hands because...
he thought it would be an amusing thing to do at parties.
his interest had been aroused by having his own hand read.
he was looking for an excuse to know a young lady.
it was a way of finding out if there was a scientific explanation for
96. The young lady who first read his palm gave a description which
very upsetting for him.
very close to the truth about his character.
very brief and sketchy.
very amusing and light-hearted
97. As far as foretelling the future is concerned, the writer believes that...
even quite ordinary people can sometimes do it.
only special gifted people can do it.
nobody can really do it.
most people only do it for money.
98. The writer has sometimes upset people when reading their hands
because he has...
placed too much emphasis on their bad features.
left out a lot of important information.
not taken it seriously enough.
described their characters very accurately.
99. According to the writer, our usual reaction to any scientific
investigation into the paranormal is one of...
indifference - we really don't care very much.
amazement - we are surprised by what is revealed.
interest - we are fascinated by the subject.
incomprehension - we really don't understand what it is all about.
100. The writer's views about the paranormal can be summarised as
follows: he thinks that we should...
make more scientific investigations into such phenomena.
remain completely sceptical about such things.
not dismiss the paranormal as nonsense just because we cannot
explain everything scientifically at the time.
be able to explain all paranormal phenomena in terms of natural