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Du bow digest germany edition february 11, 2013


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Du bow digest germany edition february 11, 2013

  1. 1. AN AMERICAN JEWISH – GERMAN INFORMATION & OPINION NEWSLETTERdubowdigest@optonline.netGERMANY EDITIONFebruary 11, 2013Dear Friends:As I write this, the New York area is trying to recuperate from a genuine blizzard. Wehavent had this much snow in a couple of years. After 2 days people are still shoveling.Rather than face the chilly winds Ive decided to sit at my computer and get thisnewsletter out. It beats shoveling. Everything beats shoveling.Ten days ago I was in Berlin for the celebration of the 15th anniversary of the openingof the AJC Office (Ramer Center). It marked the beginning of the organized AmericanJewish community having a representation in the Germany‟s capital. As the FoundingDirector of AJC Berlin I was especially thrilled to be back for the ceremony. In myAmerican Edition I wrote a little piece about it. You will find it reprinted below.IN THIS EDITIONTHE 15TH ANNIVERSARY: A PERSONAL ACCOUNT – An important event for me.Likewise for American Jewish – German relations.THE ISRAELI ELECTION – Now the real fun begins – molding together a workablecoalition.JEWISH NEW YORK – Population movement but still a strong Jewish presence.JEWS AS LIBERALS – Still no change!MODELS OF JEWISH ORGANIZATION – A Chief Rabbi for the U.S. No way!GLOBAL ANTI-SEMITISM – Yes! It‟s not localized in any one place.THE TEXTBOOK STUDY – A troublesome and complicated issue. 1
  2. 2. THE 15TH ANNIVERSARY: A PERSONAL ACCOUNTThere is no doubt - it was because I had been part of it. However, I was morethan just touched by the recent celebration of the 15th anniversary ofthe opening of AJCs Berlin Office (now known as the Ramer Institute). As theFounding Director it was like seeing one of your children grow to maturity andreceive some sort of recognition. For some, 15 years seems practically alifetime. In this case 15 years seemed to me more like 15 minutes.AJCs physical entry into the Berlin landscape actually began in 1997 (not 1998when the present office was opened.). When I arrived in Berlin on July 2, 1997 theMosse Palais Building, where the office was to be, was not yet completed. So,Wendy Kloke, my first assistant, and I worked out of my apartment onBruchstaller Strasse. The great dream of AJCs Executive Director, David Harrisalong with the support of Larry and Lee Ramer, to have an AJC office in Germany(and be the first American Jewish organization to do so), came to pass on thatdate. I plugged my new laptop into the phone connection and AJC Berlin was inbusiness!It was a real startup. Though my colleague Rabbi Andy Baker and I hadheld a well-attended press conference a few months before and had many contactsmade over many years, opening an office - a physical presence - was something newand quite different. German and Jewish leadership had welcomed visits by AJCgroups over the years but having a staffed outpost, as they say in Kentucky, isa "horse of a different color". There were a lot of smiles but suspicionranked supreme. Many government officials wanted to know if we were coming to"watch them". Some of the top Jewish leaders thought we might bethere as the "rich American uncle" to tell them how to run theirbusiness. Neither was the case but it took some time to establish trustrelationships and get across the real meaning behind AJCs investment (anexpensive one at that) in opening an office.A lot happened in my 2 ½ years in Berlin. The German government moved from Bonnto Berlin and after making all the connections in the Kohl government his party(CDU) got voted out and the Social Democratic – Green coalition came in withall new people to relate to. I did a lot of scurrying around.By 1999 almost everyone that counted had been contacted and been made aware ofwhat AJC was all about and it was time for me to go home. God (or some suitablefacsimile) sent Deidre Berger to me as a replacement. By the end of the millenniumI was able leave with better hands than mine taking care of the store for AJC.The Berlin Office had become a permanent part of the Berlin landscape.What is it we were trying to do in Berlin? Actually, it became clearerto me as we went along. A voice of American Jewry had impact in Germany. Itstill does. On the other hand, many Germans, I found, were deeply interested in 2
  3. 3. people who were both Jewish and American; a combination almost unknown to thevast majority. We tried to fill in the blanks.The importance of Germany to Israel and Jewish interests becameincreasingly apparent. Its role in Europe was important in 1997. It has becomeeven more vital in 2013. AJC has done all it can encourage German leadership tounderstand the needs of Israel and Jews around the world. Everything we did wasaimed in that direction.As a by-product AJC has been able to develop deep and abidingfriendships with individuals and institutions in the Federal Republic. Therelationships go far beyond the political. Many of them are genuinely personal.It is of those that I am most proud.In all likelihood the 15th anniversary of AJC in Berlin to most wasjust a nice occasion. To me it was that something special that does not comedown the „pike to a working Jewish professional all that often.THE ISRAELI ELECTIONI will not bore you by repeating what you have already have read, listened to and seenin your own media about the Israeli election. Prime Minister Netanyahu came out of itweaker as his movement to the right was somewhat negated by the success of themore middle of the road new comer Yair Lapid and his Yesh Atid Party.There has been a lot written about Lapid and less about Yesh Atid. According to CNN,―The Hebrew Yesh Atid means There is a future. The partys platform is decidedlydomestic: Reforming government, seeking affordable housing, improving a "failing"education system, and the biggest hot-button issue, putting an end to the exemptionfrom mandatory military service for ultra-Orthodox Jews who have traditionally beenlegally allowed to avoid military service in order pursue religious study.Theres much less from Lapid on how to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. But ininterviews, Lapid has proposed Israel should give up much of the West Bank -- whileretaining control of Jerusalem.P.M. Netanyahu has announced that he will try to establish a very politically widecoalition. How wide is, of course, a major question. Israel, unlike Germany, has manyparties and it on takes a 2% vote to get seats in the Knesset (parliament). There has tobe an enormous amount of “horse trading” between the Prime Minister and the variousparties. It takes skill and patience. Some feel that if he can get it done in a month thatwill show that he has lots of both.We‟ll keep you up to date after the coalition is formed. Patience!. 3
  4. 4. JEWISH NEW YORKI love big cities and I am always fascinated by the movement of populations and,especially, ethnic groups. I grew up in the Bronx (part of New York City) during the1930‟s and 1940‟s. Our section, the West Bronx was largely inhabited by EasternEuropean Jewish families. In the 1960‟s, for a variety of reasons, the Jewish populationbegan to move out – mostly to the suburbs. Spanish speaking people moved in. Todaymy neighborhood is almost totally Hispanic. No doubt! They will remain for a number ofyears and then move on for the next group.Recently, the Jewish umbrella organization for New York published a study ofneighborhoods in the City. Described in The Forward, the story notes, ―New York’sJewish community is split into radically distinct, quickly changing clusters, the UJAreport out January 17 determined. The study, a neighborhood-level analysis of alandmark survey the group conducted in 2011, shows the largest Jewish community ofits kind in rapid flux.In Manhattan’s old Jewish neighborhoods, the Jews are dying out. Jewish populationsdowntown are shrinking. Growth is stagnant on the Upper West Side.Orthodox Brooklyn, meanwhile, is exploding. The Jewish population in the Hasidicneighborhood of Boro Park grew 71% over the past decade. And in Queens, aneighborhood of Jewish immigrants from the Former Soviet Union grew by 47%.The community is still huge. Many of its individual neighborhoods have more Jews thansome mid-sized American cities. ―[T]here are as many Jewish households onManhattan’s Upper West Side…as there are Jewish households in Cleveland,‖ saidPearl Beck, the report’s main author, in an emailed statement.Its character, however, is quickly changing. For the report’s authors, the picture is of ahighly diverse Jewish community living in large, dissimilar neighborhoods. ―It’s areminder to people who deal with New York Jewry that when you go to differentneighborhoods you’re dealing not just with a different demography, but a differentculture as well,‖ said Steven M. Cohen, a leading sociologist of American Jewish lifeand contributor to the report.The area’s overall Jewish population grew to 1.5 million people from 1.4 million peopleover the past decade. In an interview with the Forward, Beck said that two thirds of thatgrowth came from the Hasidic Brooklyn neighborhoods of Boro Park and Williamsburg.The neighborhood report is the second analysis to come out of the UJA-Federation’ssurvey of nearly 6000 Jewish households in New York City, Westchester and LongIsland. The first report, released in June, showed that the area’s Jewish community wasgrowing poorer, less educated and more religious.This new analysis highlights deep disparities between the city’s various Jewishpopulation clusters in categories like income and intermarriage. 4
  5. 5. ―There’s a measure of bird of feathers flocking together,‖ said Cohen. ―It’s not that everytype of Jew is scattered evenly.‖The Jewish community in Washington Heights and Inwood in far northern Manhattanhas grown 144% over the past decade, by far the fastest growing neighborhood in thestudy. The community there is still small – just 12,900 Jewish households. Still, it’syoung and heavily Orthodox, and poised to continue to grow.―We’re catching it as it’s really blooming from a Jewish population point of view,‖ saidCohen. ―The West Side has priced them out of the market.‖As Orthodox identification grows, identification with the Reform and Conservativemovements is shrinking across the area. That’s most visible in places like the UpperWest Side, where the percentage of people identifying as Conservative dropped from25% to 20% between 2011 and.Not all areas have seen comparable decreases. In Queens and Nassau County, forinstance, the proportion of Jews identifying as Conservative has been more stable.―Our hypothesis is that people live more traditional lives in the suburban communities,and that’s one dimension of their traditional life,‖ Beck said.Incidentally, I now live in a northern New York suburb, Rockland County. In the last 20or 30 years its western section has become a haven for Orthodox Jews. Wikipediareported, “The County has the largest Jewish population per capita of any U.S. county,with 31.4%, or 90,000 residents, being Jewish. Rockland also ranks 9th on the list ofhighest-income counties by median household income in the United States with$75,306 according to the 2000 census.When I lived in Berlin I was a resident of Wilmersdorf. My neighbors seemed to be veryconnected to the neighborhood but it did not seem to have any ethnic majority. On theother hand, Kreuzbrerg had a distinct Turkish flavor. On arrival in Germany I asked ifthere was a Jewish neighborhood. I was told there was not. I wasn‟t surprised.However, now with so many Russian immigrants perhaps there is one today that I amnot aware of.P.S. I came across a story in The Jewish Week about a neighborhood in the WestBronx not far from where I grew up. It is about a synagogue that is holding on by itsfinancial fingernails. It hit a very simpatico string in my heart. You can read it by clickinghere. 5
  6. 6. JEWS AS LIBERALSSometimes studies come up with findings that show results that are not expected. Whenthat happens there is usually much interest and, sometimes, great excitement.How about studies that report results that only reinforce things you already know? Theyare usually reported on the back pages of the media if they are reported at all.Such a study recently emanated from the National Democratic Jewish Council, anorganization that is part of the Democratic Party.The Times of Israel reported, ―New findings released this week from a post-electionsurvey of American Jews confirm that US Jews lean left by a wide margin on economicissues.The findings were celebrated Friday by the National Jewish Democratic Council asproof that ―American Jews are firmly aligned with the Democratic Party.‖The findings show an across-the-board preference for increased social spending andgovernment regulation on most economic questions. In fact, opposition to liberaleconomic policies, which ranges from 25 to 30 percent in the new findings, correlatesalmost exactly with the estimated 30% of Jews who voted for Republican Mitt Romneyin the 2012 election.The findings also confirm other recent polls that have suggested economic issues areforemost on Jewish Americans’ minds when they participate in the American politicalprocess.The latest findings were released by the left-wing New York-based Workmen’s Circlethis week, with the figures gleaned from a national survey of American Jews conductedjust after Election Day by NYU’s Prof. Steven Cohen and Prof. Samuel Abrams of SarahLawrence College. It drew on 2,671 American Jews who responded to a pre-electionsurvey, and a follow-up post-election survey with 2,067 of them.Respondents identified overwhelmingly as ―liberal‖ (55%) rather than ―conservative‖(26%). The remaining 19% identified as moderate. These figures coincide with findingspublished by the Republican Jewish Coalition in November showing 56% of Jewsaffiliating with the Democratic Party and 19% with the Republicans.That split was mirrored on several issues polled. Some 55% of Jewish voters favorgovernment regulation of business, while 28% expressed a more skeptical view ofregulation. Jews prefer lowering defense spending to increasing it by a similar factor,53-26. And Jews believe Medicare can be saved without a loss in benefits by a factor of50% to 28%.Support for liberal economic policies seems to decline somewhat when governmentspending is an explicit part of the question.Thus, when asked to choose between the phrase, ―Poor people have hard livesbecause government benefits don’t go far enough to help them live decently,‖ and the 6
  7. 7. phrase, ―Poor people today have it easy because they can get government benefitswithout doing anything in return,‖ Jews sided with the first by a lower 43-31 margin.When asked even more explicitly to choose between ―the contrasting positions of fewergovernment services with reduced spending vs. many more services with increasedspending,‖ Jews favored more services by an even narrower margin, 43% to 37%.The findings also reaffirmed the old aphorism of American Jewish sociologist MiltonHimmelfarb that Jews ―earn like Episcopalians, and vote like Puerto Ricans,‖ showingthat left-leaning economic views were not connected to income. ―Those earning over$250,000 express liberal views on economic justice as frequently as those earning farless. Jews earning $250,000 or more were as likely as lower-earning Jews to vote forObama and other Democrats,‖ the study found.The study noted that ―commitment to Israel exerted the least impact among six issuesmeasured, in sharp contrast to the powerful influence of economic justice attitudes. Thatis, once a voter’s positions were determined on economic justice, their attachment toIsrael made hardly any difference in predicting their vote for President, Senate and theHouse.‖Recent polls, including a post-election exit poll conducted by pollster Jim Gerstein forthe left-wing group J Street, also showed that Israel was not an influential issue drivingthe American Jewish vote. In the Gerstein poll, 53% of Jews said the economy was theforemost issue on their minds, followed by 32% who said health care. Israel scoredmuch lower on the list, with just 10% saying it was their top election issue.But Israel’s low showing in the list of top priorities does not reflect lack of concern forIsrael, pollsters have said. The post-election Republican Jewish Coalition-funded studyasked bluntly: ―In making your decision on whom to vote for president, how importantwere issues concerning Israel in your decision?‖ Asked directly, 77% of Jews said Israelwas either ―very important‖ (30%) or ―somewhat important‖ (46%).The discrepancy has been explained as reflecting American Jewish confidence in bothparties’ commitment to Israel. Thus, while a huge majority of Jews said Israel was animportant issue, only 23% told the RJC-funded study that President Barack Obama was―pro-Palestinian,‖ compared with almost two-thirds who said he was either ―pro-Israeli‖(45%) or ―neutral‖ (17%).O.K. So now it‟s official – American Jews are liberal. Not much of a surprise. Incidentally, Iagree with the next to the last paragraph above about the importance of Israel. There may bedifferences in support for some Israeli policies but not for Israel‟s security.MODELS OF JEWISH ORGANIZATIONI probably shouldnt be including this piece because when it comes to matters of"religion" I am far from an expert. However, with some trepidation Im including itbecause I think it is instructive about American Judaism, its practice and how it differsfrom European and Israeli models. 7
  8. 8. Jonathan D. Sarna writing in Jewish Ideas Daily notes, "The public face of world Jewrywill change this summer. Come September, both England and Israel will install newchief rabbis. Jonathan Sacks, the brilliant and widely published chief rabbi of the UnitedKingdom, is retiring to be succeeded by the affable Ephraim Mirvis, currently rabbi ofthe Finchley Synagogue in North London. Yona Metzger, the Chief Rabbi of theAshkenazi community of Israel, is completing his ten-year fixed term, to be succeededby whomever a special 150-member electoral assembly selects—for the moment, asubject of intense speculation and backroom maneuveringThe position of chief rabbi dates far back in Jewish history. In the Middle Ages, whenJews were treated as a corporate body, the chief rabbi served not only as the judge,scholar, and supreme religious authority for his community, but frequently boreresponsibility for collecting its taxes as well. Many a chief rabbi, as a result, wasappointed or confirmed directly by the king.Chief Rabbis today confine their authority to the religious realm, but their role is neverpurely ceremonial. Inevitably, they must also devote themselves to promoting their ownbrand of Judaism (usually some variety of Orthodoxy) over all the others. Israel’s chiefrabbinate, in recent years, has sought to undermine more liberal approaches toconversion and has taken a hardline stance on women’s issues and on the thornyproblem of who is a Jew. Rabbi Sacks alienated liberal Jews early in his tenure andpromoted a centrist form of Orthodoxy that those to his religious right openly disdained.As a matter of law, the First Amendment precludes the government from recognizingone religious authority as ―chief‖ over another. Just as America introduced free-marketcapitalism into the economy, so it created a free market in religion. Contrary toexpectations, this has had the paradoxical effect of strengthening religion in the UnitedStates. As Thomas Jefferson observed as early as in 1820, religion thrived under themaxim ―divided we stand, united we fall.‖In this environment, the creation in America of a government-protected form of Judaismunder the authority of a chief rabbi was clearly impossible. Instead, American Jewsaccommodated themselves to the nation’s competitive religious marketplace, which byand large has served them well. Rabbis, like their Christian religious counterparts, winor lose status through their individual activities and accomplishments, exemplified byNewsweek’s annual listing of the 50 most influential rabbis of the year.American Jews have nevertheless been reluctant to recommend their free-marketapproach to religion to Jewish communities abroad. A recent conference hosted by theprestigious American Jewish Committee, for example, heard a litany of complaintsconcerning the Israeli chief rabbinate and its maltreatment of non-Orthodox Jews,Russian Jews, women and converts. But in the end, AJC called for ―significantmodifications‖ to the chief rabbinate, rather than the embrace of the religious freemarket. A paper by former Undersecretary of Defense Dov Zakheim, delivered at theconference, argued that ―what is needed. .is not the abolition of the Chief Rabbinate, butrather its transformation into a much more circumscribed, yet relevant and all-inclusiveauthority.‖ 8
  9. 9. Perhaps “significant modifications‖ to the chief rabbinate" might work in Israel butnothing even close to it could ever come to pass in the U.S. Our "free market" system isdeeply imbedded in our religious life. Individual synagogues and Jewish organizationshire and fire their own rabbis, educators and other professional personnel. Each goes itsown way.Germanys Jewish life, it seems to me, is different from either of the two modelsdescribed above. While most of it is underwritten by tax or other public monies,religiously there is no hierarchy. The organized "communities" receive the funding andthey make the decisions on how it is spent. Its certainly not a "free market" system butneither is it controlled from "above".My view is - as long as it works; keep doing what youre doing!GLOBAL ANTI-SEMITISMIsrael Hayom recently reported, ―The number of anti-Semitic incidents worldwide roseworryingly, according to a report on anti-Semitic trends prepared by Information andDiaspora Minister Yuli Edelstein and presented at Sundays cabinet meeting. The reportindicates a rise in terror acts and attempted terror attacks against Jewish targets,particularly by those associated with extremist Islamist movements or the radical Right.Edelsteins report coincided with International Holocaust Remembrance Day, markedglobally on Sunday.The report mentions a rise in street attacks, both verbal and physical, against Jewsthroughout the world. The trend is most pronounced in Western Europe. However, anti-Semitic incidents are up throughout the world, in Eastern and Western Europe as wellas in the U.S., Canada and Australia.This is the fourth year that the report has been issued. It is based on data collected bythe Kantor Center for the Study of Contemporary European Jewry at Tel Aviv University,headed by Professor Dina Porat.Statistics published at the end of October reveal that the number of anti-Semiticincidents of all kinds in 2012 was 45 percent higher than the previous year.In 2012, several particularly heinous acts of vandalism were seen at memorial sites,cemeteries and synagogues in Russia, Venezuela, Belgium, Austria and othercountries. According to the report, "In Germany, a Jewish cemetery is desecratedalmost every week." The report suggests that neo-Nazi groups are on the rise inEastern Europe, with such groups having begun to acquire weapons in the CzechRepublic. In Poland, militias have become active, the report indicates.The report also warns of the rise in political power of right-wing and radical left-wingparties in Egypt and Ukraine. In South American countries such as Venezuela andChile, Israel is a main subject of political propaganda, which makes use of classic anti- 9
  10. 10. Semitic motifs like the claim that Jews have power in disproportion to their numbers, orthat they have dual loyalty. Some individuals use Holocaust denial to garner support.On manifestations of anti-Semitism in the Arab and Muslim world, the report says thereis no significant change from the previous year, and contrary to expectations, theresponses to Israels recent offensive in Gaza — Operation Pillar of Defense — weremuch milder than the responses to Operation Cast Lead in December 2008."This is most likely because the operation lasted only a few days, the number of victimson the Palestinian side was relatively low, and public opinion in the Arab world wasfocused on problems in Syria and Egypt," the report suggests.Nevertheless, the report looks at the expressions of incitement by the ayatollahs in Iranand says, "It appears that the worse the sanctions aimed at isolating Iran, the greaterthe vigor with which it adopts anti-Semitic messages."In the digital world, the report says, classic anti-Semitism continues to proliferate. Thisincludes anti-Semitic websites, social networks and smartphone applications.Conspiracy theories, including the highly utilized Protocols of the Elders of Zion,continue to be popular on social networks and websites.According to Edelstein, the report proves that there is no connection between Israelipolicies and racist incidents.As evidence, the report says: "During Operation Pillar of Defense and following it, therewas no sharp increase in anti-Semitic incidents. There is no doubt that as part of anti-Semitism there are anti-Zionist approaches and delegitimization of the State of Israel,but unfortunately, no policy of the State of Israel will diminish these manifestations ofracist hatred against Jews."Perhaps some of what appears in the article is a little “over the top” or little excessive inits rhetoric. "In Germany, a Jewish cemetery is desecrated almost every week." is notwhat I call accurate reporting. What does “…almost every week‖ mean? 50 out of 52?However, there is little doubt that the virus of anti-Semitism remains virulent andwidespread. Sadly it‟s a constant. Yes! It‟s a Jewish problem but frankly it‟s as much ofone for any individual or society that intends to keep democracy strong.THE TEXTBOOK STUDYI guess that a warlike episode like the recent one between the Israelis and thePalestinians brought on by the rocketing of southern Israel from Gaza was not enoughof a dispute. Now, another non-shooting event has broken out over what appears inPalestinian and Israeli textbooks. In this one the disputants are not the normal ones. Asit turns out it is the Israelis and a Jewish academic and the Israeli government.Recently The Jewish Daily Forward in a piece byNaomi Zeveloff and Nathan Jeffaynoted, “A controversial in-depth study that clears Palestinian Authority school textbooks 10
  11. 11. of the charge that they demonize Jews and Israelis has become an orphan, virtuallyupon its release.Since Yale University psychiatry professor Bruce Wexler, Bethlehem Universityprofessor Sami Adwan and Daniel Bar-Tal of Tel Aviv University rolled out their study’sresults February 4, the Council of Religious Institutions of the Holy Land, whichcommissioned the project, has disavowed the study.Israel’s Chief Rabbinate — one of the council’s four constituent members — has, too.The U.S. State Department, which fully funded the study, has refused to comment on it.And the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism, which sent out a press releaseFebruary 5 announcing that it would host a Washington rollout for the study, has nowcalled that release’s distribution an accident.According to Wexler, the fury over the report is a recent development. Last May, hesaid, the study received unanimous support from its 17-member scientific advisorypanel, an international group of education experts, who drafted and signed a documentapproving both the methodology and the findings. But now, three members of the panelhave publicly denounced the project.Those involved in the project attribute much of the response to it to Israeli governmentofficials, who have led the charge against the report, denouncing it as ―misleading,‖―highly distorted‖ and ‖biased, unprofessional and significantly lacking in objectivity.‖The study, which looked at textbooks used by both Israelis and Palestinians, found that,with some exceptions on both sides, neither side’s books dehumanize the other as. onone side, Jews and Israelis, or on the other, as Palestinians or Arabs, respectively. Butthe study also found that books used in schools on both sides distort history and usefacts selectively to favor their own respective narratives, at a significant cost to buildingpeace.The Palestinians’ alleged demonization of Jews and Israel in school textbooks has beena long-standing grievance for pro-Israel advocates. It is perhaps unsurprising, then, thatthe Palestinians have voiced satisfaction with the study’s findings. But on the Israeli andJewish side, protests reached a fever pitch.And so a small non-shooting dispute has broken out with experts on both sides claimingthat truth is not only on their side but that the study is biased. The critics of the studyclaim that not all the factors have been considered and because of that the report isskewed.I‟m not enough of an education expert to know what‟s right and what‟s wrong – and Iguess that each side has its points. However, I‟m impressed that The Forward wouldundertake printing the piece which can be taken as being highly critical of Israel. Withthe same objectivity in mind, I‟m giving you the opportunity to read the article and makeup your own mind.Click here to read it. 11
  12. 12. **************************************************************************************************See you again in March – or before if there is something important to report.DuBow Digest is written and published by Eugene DuBow who can be contacted byclicking hereBoth the American and Germany editions are posted at 12