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Du bow digest american edition february 18, 2013


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Du bow digest american edition february 18, 2013

  1. 1. AN AMERICAN JEWISH – GERMAN INFORMATION & OPINIONNEWSLETTERdubowdigest@optonline.netAMERICAN EDITIONFebruary 6, 2013Dear friends:I realize that not a full month has gone by since the last edition but because of my trip toBerlin and the fact that there is much to talk about I‟ve decided to just go ahead andsend this out. Besides, I never said this was a monthly. It follows a different calendar –The When I‟m Ready Calendar and ---- I‟m ready!IN THIS EDITIONTHE 15TH ANNIVERSARY: A PERSONAL ACCOUNT – AJC Berlin (Ramer Institute)has become everything I (and AJC) hoped it would be largely thanks to Deidre Berger.A POLITICAL SETBACK? – The Chancellor and the CDU take it on the chin. A loss butprobably not a fatal one.ANTI-ISRAEL---ANTI-SEMITIC? – Does one cross the line being strongly anti-Israel?ANTI-SEMITISM IN EVERY DAY LIFE- Living with it every day. It‟s no fun.19th CENTURY GERMANY – Fascinating picturesTHE ELYSEE TREATY – Treaties between countries are mostly forgotten or don‟t standthe test of time. This one hasn‟t been and does.SAVING NAZI WAR CRIMINALS: A GENUINE DISGRACE – It‟s an ugly story.HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL DAY – Who is Inge Deutschkron? Why is she important? 1
  2. 2. THE 15TH ANNIVERSARY: A PERSONAL ACCOUNTThere is no doubt - it was because I had been part of it. However, I was more than justtouched by the recent celebration of the 15th anniversary of the opening of AJCs BerlinOffice (now known as the Ramer Institute). As the Founding Director it was like seeingone of your children grow to maturity and receive some sort of recognition. For some,15 years seems practically a lifetime. In this case 15 years seemed to me more like 15minutes.AJCs physical entry into the Berlin landscape actually began in 1997 (not 1998 whenthe present office was opened.). When I arrived in Berlin on July 2, 1997 theMossePalaisBuilding, where the office was to be, was not yet completed. So, WendyKloke, my first assistant, and I worked out of my apartment on BruchstallerStrasse. Thegreat dream of AJCs Executive Director, David Harris along with the support of Larryand Lee Ramer, to have an AJC office in Germany (and be the first American Jewishorganization to do so) came to pass on that date. I plugged my new laptop into thephone connection and AJC Berlin was in business!It was a real startup. Though my colleague Rabbi Andy Baker and I had held a well-attended press conference a few months before and had many contacts made overmany years, opening an office - a physical presence - was something new and quitedifferent. German and Jewish leadership had welcomed visits by AJC groups over theyears but having a staffed outpost, as they say in Kentucky, is a "horse of a differentcolor". There were a lot of smiles but suspicion ranked supreme. Many governmentofficials wanted to know if we were coming to "watch them". Some of the top Jewishleaders thought we might be there as the "rich American uncle" to tell them how to runtheir business. Neither was the case but it took some time to establish trustrelationships and get across the real meaning behind AJCs investment (an expensiveone at that) in opening an office.A lot happened in my 2 ½ years in Berlin. The German government moved from Bonn toBerlin and after making all the connections in the Kohl government his party (CDU) gotvoted out and the Social Democratic – Green coalition came in with all new people torelate to. I did a lot of scurrying around.By 1999 almost everyone that counted had been contacted and been made aware ofwhat AJC was all about and it was time for me to go home. God (or some suitablefacsimile) sent Deidre Berger to me as a replacement. By the end of the millennium Iwas able leave with better hands than mine taking care of the store for AJC. The BerlinOffice had become a permanent part of the Berlin landscape.What is it we were trying to do in Berlin? Actually, it became clearer to me as we wentalong. A voice of American Jewry had impact in Germany. It still does. On the otherhand, many Germans, I found, were deeply interested in people who were both Jewishand American; a combination almost unknown to the vast majority. We tried to fill in theblanks. 2
  3. 3. The importance of Germany to Israel and Jewish interests became increasinglyapparent. Its role in Europe was important in 1997. It has become even more vital in2013. AJC has done all it can encourage German leadership to understand the needs ofIsrael and Jews around the world. Everything we did was aimed in that direction.As a by-product AJC has been able to develop deep and abiding friendships withindividuals and institutions in the Federal Republic. The relationships go far beyond thepolitical. Many of them are genuinely personal. It is of those that I am most proud.In all likelihood the 15th anniversary of AJC in Berlin to most was just a nice occasion.To me it was that something special that does not come down the „pike to a workingJewish professional all that often.A POLITICAL SETBACK?The next to last State election in Germany before the national election in Septembertook place in late January in Lower Saxony. {Prior to the election Chancellor Merkel‟sparty, the CDU was partnered with their natural conservative party mates, the FreeDemocrats (FDP). Since the FDP has been so weak in the polls (national and local) itwas expected to be a tough and close election. It was!As it turned out, the combination SPD (Social Democrats) and their partner the Greenswon a one seat victory and therefore will take over the majority position in the Statelegislature. Needless to say, the winners were ecstatic.Spiegel On-Line reported, “Chancellor Angela Merkels Christian Democrats suffered adefeat in Sundays state election in Lower Saxony, depriving her of the boost she hadbeen hoping for ahead of the September general election and indicating that she willhave to fight harder for a third term than many had expected.It was the 12th consecutive setback in a state vote for her party, and even though theelection is still eight months away and Merkel remains highly popular, the oppositionSocial Democrats and Greens have smelt blood. They won a combined 46.3 percentagainst 45.9 percent for the center-right alliance of the CDU and the struggling pro-business Free Democratic Party. That will enable the center-left to govern with amajority of one seat in the Lower Saxony state parliament after the cliffhanger vote."I wont deny it, after such an emotional roller coaster such a defeat is all the morepainful, so we are all sad today to some extent," Merkel told a news conference onMonday. But, matter of fact as ever, she shrugged off the implications for her re-election, saying: "We dont have a campaign for the general election, that will comelater, we have a whole series of serious problems to solve, the economic situation isfragile, we want to ensure that the labor market situation remains as it is or can evenimprove a little, we have big tasks in Europe." 3
  4. 4. Commentators said Sundays vote made clear that the general election could be a verytight race indeed. Merkel had campaigned heavily in Lower Saxony, making a numberof speeches there in recent weeks, but her presence didnt provide enough of a boost.Lower Saxony is the latest in a long list of major defeats for the CDU in some ofGermanys biggest regional states. It lost North Rhine-Westphalia, population 17 million,last year, and the conservative bastion of Baden-Württemberg, a wealthy industrialregion, in 2011.The loss of Lower Saxony, home to VW and Germanys fourth-largest state bypopulation, is an additional blow because it means the center-left parties have anincreased majority in the upper house of parliament, the Bundesrat. That will make itharder for Merkel to get legislation approved”.This last point about the Bundesrat is important. Most domestic legislation must also beapproved by the Bundesrat and Chancellor Merkel does not have a majority there. Itshould remind you of our own Congress where we have a political split. There is onlyone more State election before the national one in September. That one will be inBavaria where the CDU‟s sister party the CSU runs in its place. To say the least, a badoutcome there won‟t be helpful. However, there‟s a lot of water yet to go under thepolitical bridge before September. Hang with me. Stay tuned!ANTI-ISRAEL---ANTI-SEMITIC?The question of what is anti-Israelism and what is anti-Semitism is a delicate andconfusing topic. In Germany where the matter of relations with Jews and Israel is sosensitive, it is fraught with a great deal of emotion. Therefore, when somethingpertaining to it appears in print it gets a great deal of attention.Last month Spiegel On-Line ran a story entitled, “What is Anti-Semitism?” It asked,“Just how strongly are Germans allowed to criticize Israel? Accusations of anti-Semitism against SPIEGEL columnist JakobAugstein have brought the question to thefore.The article came about because a well-known German-Jewish journalist accusedAugstein of having written articles so critical of Israel that they crossed the line into anti-Semitism.The Spiegel On-Line article is quite long so I cannot print it all. Below you will findimportant excerpts. I would strongly advise you to read the whole thing which you cando by clicking here. the article Augstein debates the issue with Dieter Graumann, the leader of Germanys 4
  5. 5. Jewish community. “Since the Los Angeles-based Simon Wiesenthal Center placedGerman journalist JakobAugstein, 45, on its list of the worlds top 10 anti-Semites,Germany has been embroiled in controversy over his columns for SPIEGEL ONLINE.Augstein, publisher of the Berlin-based weekly magazine Der Freitag and a prominentshareholder of the SPIEGEL publishing house, has attacked Israeli policies on anumber of occasions. Dieter Graumann, 62, the president of the Central Council ofJews in Germany, voices criticism of Augsteins articles and engages in a debate withhim on the sensitive issue.”SPIEGEL: Lets get back to the definition of anti-Semitism.Graumann: Anyone who senses a pervasive, worldwide Jewish conspiracy or whoholds "the Jews" responsible for all bad things that transpire among nations. Anyonewho denies Israels right to exist demonizes it or is prepared to accept its annihilation.Anyone who makes plump comparisons with Nazis to condemn Israeli policies.Augstein: I agree with that definition. Indeed, you have also defined who is not an anti-Semite, namely anyone who views Israel like any other state and criticizes it when itsgovernment violates international law. In other words, anyone who does not apply adouble standard to Israel. And I would say that this definition applies to me.SPIEGEL: Mr. Graumann, is this type of normality desirable?Graumann: If it were as Mr. Augstein describes it -- but that is unfortunately not thecase. He absolutely does not treat Israel like any other state. He conveys an image ofIsrael that is simplistic and distorted. In fact, he conveys -- and I find this particularlypernicious -- anti-Jewish clichés. If I were to rate the cold contempt with which he treatsIsrael on a scale from 1 to 10, I would give him a solid 13.Graumann: Oh, lets just drop the whole ranking analogy! There is a world of differencebetween the people on this list, between a Holocaust denier like Iranian PresidentMahmoud Ahmadinejad, for instance, or Egypts Muslim Brotherhood, and Augstein. Itsalso not a matter of whether people in Germany are allowed to criticize Israeli policies.Of course they can do that -- and it constantly occurs in the press. As far as Imconcerned, it can even be harsh criticism. But the question is: When does this criticismbecome obsessive and hostile, when does it deviate from objective arguments, andwhen does it become irresponsible? And this is where Mr. Augstein continuously goesbeyond the limits”Augstein: Apparently there are contentious, perhaps contaminated terms that you nowsimply imbue with your own, personal interpretation. At the same time, you aresidestepping the political facts. Now, lets talk about the submarine deal: In violation ofits own foreign policy guidelines, Germany is delivering vessels to a highly explosiveregion -- vessels that can be armed with nuclear weapons, which is something that waslong kept secret from the German parliament, the Bundestag. 5
  6. 6. Graumann: I call Germanys support a responsible policy that helps safeguard theexistence of the Jewish state. Furthermore, Social Democratic chancellors have alsoendorsed such sales.Augstein: I see this as highly dangerous. Whats more, these submarines were partlypaid for by the German government, and partly sold below their value. And thissupposedly happened without political pressure from Israel? There are witnesses at theChancellery to Netanyahus insistent phone calls to Chancellor Angela Merkel. And asfar as the term "Jewish lobby" goes, which I only use in relation to the US, whats wrongwith that?You can see the heated nature of the debate. I would imagine that these sorts ofquestions move through the minds of many Germans – and for that matter, manyAmericans. The co-mingling of Jews/Israel/anti-Semitism is confusing to well-meaningpeople as well as those on the periphery of anti-Semitism. Again, I would stronglysuggest that you take the few minutes it would take to read the entire five page article.ANTI-SEMITISM IN EVERY DAY LIFEI frequently write about anti-Semitism in Germany as there is a great deal of it – just asthere is, unhappily, in many places including the Good Old U.S. of A. However, there ismore of the overt variety in the Federal Republic and the Jewish community feels itmore intensely. For some it feels as if it‟s there all the time.DW ran a piece by Naomi Conradon this very subject. In part she wrote, “Insults andname-calling, even physical violence - yes, nods Berlin Rabbi Daniel Alter as he sits in acafe near one of the Berlin synagogues, "Thats completely normal in Germany." Hequotes research which shows that almost one out of three Germans is anti-Semitic."You can find it at all levels of society," says Alter, whos the Berlin Jewishcongregations new anti-Semitism envoy. Part of his job is to sort the letters and e-mailsto the congregation: those with slanderous content go straight to the prosecutors office.In the drizzly rain, two security guards hover under an archway just a few steps from theJewish café, hands deep in their coat pockets, carefully watching who goes in and out.For security reasons, cell phones, laptops and other electronic gadgets must be turnedoff.Armed security guards and security checkpoints watch over Jewish life in Berlin; theystand guard outside the synagogues and the Jewish school. Alter is not happy with thesituation, but he accepts it. He has taken to wearing his skullcap hidden underneath ablack woolen hat since four young ethnic Arab men last year beat him so badly he wastaken to a hospital.Ahmed Mansour says many ethnic Arab and Turkish people in Germany think like thosefour young men: he describes them as "latently anti-Semitic." Mansour is an IsraeliPalestinian who has lived and worked in Berlin for nine years. He works in an outreach 6
  7. 7. program and gives workshops on tolerance. Mansour says the families are to blame forthe current mood. Many Palestinians fled to Germany during the Arab-Israeli wars, hesays: "They are highly traumatized." They pass on to their children a warped view inwhich they are the victims and Jews are the offenders, he told DW. "They do not discernbetween Jews and Israelis. All Jews are held responsible for the Middle East conflict."Videos in the social media and sermons by hate preachers goad Muslims on, Mansoursays.Both Rabbi Alter and Mansour made presentations at the AJC Board meeting in Berlin.Both, in different ways, are trying to confront anti-Semitism and hate. I think it would fairto point out that anti-Semitism is far worse in Eastern Europe and even in France. Ofcourse, because of its history there should be less of it in Germany. However, Europe isEurope and this virus is tightly woven into the culture of many nations there. I don‟texpect miracles. It‟s not going away anytime soon – if ever. However, again to be fair,Germany is doing much to combat it but people are people even after a disastrous warand almost 68 years of time it still exists. We just have to keep working to defeat it.You can read the entire story by clicking on the link. CENTURY GERMANYI‟m always intrigued by historic photos. Since photography first came into being in the19th Century it became possible to see places, people and things that preceded you. Inparticular, one can imagine and fill in the spaces between what was and what is.For most Americans, particularly those born after World War II, most pictures ofGermany we see today show the ruins of Berlin in the 1940‟s or, occasionally, somecastle that was not destroyed. Granted, I was not around in the 19th Century (eventhough with today‟s aches and pains some days I feel like I might have been) but I havetravelled throughout Germany enough to see many quaint & beautiful sites. Of course,the War destroyed many others.Spiegel on-Line recently ran a series of 19th century photos they describe as, “Astunning collection of 19th century photographs of German cities, landscapes andfestivals has just been published in a book and provides an intriguing insight into howthe country has changed -- and how it has remained the same.It‟s worth clicking on the link below which will open the article. You can run through thepictures by clicking on the first photo (Brandenburg Gate) which comes up. 7
  8. 8. THE ELYSEE TREATYTreaties between countries are frequently just pieces of paper that are made and thenforgotten (or abridged). How about the Munich Agreement of 1938 between GreatBritain and Nazi Germany basically giving Czechoslovakia to the Nazis? A year laterWorld War II started.In 1963 a treaty between Germany and France was signed and that has lasted for 50years and has brought dramatic results for Europe and the rest of the world. At the endof January, according to DW, “President Francois Hollande and Chancellor AngelaMerkel have launched a full day of activities marking 50 years since the signing of theElysee Treaty. The 1963 accord cemented peace between Europes old adversaries.French President Hollande received Chancellor Merkel at Frances Berlin embassy onTuesday morning, officially beginning Tuesdays celebrations.Subsequently, the pair met with French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault and GermanPresident Joachim Gauck at his Schloss Bellevue palace in the capital.On January 22, 1963, Germany and France signed the Elysee Treaty - the cornerstoneof modern peace between the two countries after three wars in less than a century.Post-war leaders Konrad Adenauer of Germany and Charles de Gaulle of Francesigned that original document.A joint Franco-German cabinet meeting, followed by a simultaneous meeting of theparliaments in Paris and Berlin with keynote speeches from Hollande and Merkel, werebilled as the highlights of Tuesdays agenda.The two houses of parliament were expected to agree on further measures ofcooperation; several partnership agreements and commitments for regular politicalsummits are among the existing terms of the Elysee Treaty.Only 18 years before the signing, and for hundreds of years before that, the nationswere almost constantly at war with each other. Without the treaty the European Unionwould not have been possible and resorts to war might have remained possible. It nowseems virtually out of the question for anyone in either France or Germany to thinkabout armed conflict between the two countries. They share a common currency and, toa large degree, are bound together politically in the EU.When one thinks about it, the Elysee Treaty comes about as close to a diplomaticmiracle as is possible in today‟s world.SAVING NAZI WAR CRIMINALS: A GENUINE DISGRACEI know that WW II ended more than 67 years ago. And, it is no grand secret that after 8
  9. 9. the War many of the Nazi criminals headed to South America where, to a large extent,they lived out their lives without ever being caught and tried for their crimes. How didthey do it? Who helped? Were Germans themselves involved?Felix Bohr writing in Spiegel On-Linenotes, “Of the hundreds of guilty Nazi officials andmass murderers who had fled to South America after the surrender of Nazi Germany,only a handful of them were ever held to account.How could so many criminals manage to go unpunished, even though they were clearlyguilty? Its a conundrum that mystifies academics to this day. Was it because of the lackof cooperation by West German officials? The lack of interest on the part of SouthAmerica regimes? Were there even secret ties and collaboration between Nazis on bothsides of the Atlantic?Historian Daniel Stahl has conducted research in European and South Americanarchives in the process of writing a new book entitled "Nazi Hunt: South AmericasDictatorships and the Avenging of Nazi Crimes." The work supplies a certain anddisgraceful answer to what has long been suspected: that there was a broad coalition ofpeople -- across continents and within the courts, police, governments andadministrations -- that was unwilling to act or even thwarted the prosecution of Nazicriminals for decades.”Stahl believes that the motives for being part of what he calls a "coalition of theunwilling" differed widely. West German diplomats sabotaged the hunt for Nazis out ofsolidarity. French criminal investigators feared that cooperation might expose their ownpasts as Nazi collaborators. And South America dictators refused to extradite formerNazis out of concern that trials of war criminals could direct international attention to thecrimes their own governments were then committing.It wasnt hard for this coalition to torpedo the hunt for Nazis. Countless players -- inpolitics, the judiciary, the government and the administration -- had to work together inorder to arrange and execute successful criminal prosecutions. Indeed, a small mistakeor minor procedural irregularity was enough to foil the arrest of the criminals.Stahl leaves no doubt that the West German judiciary was especially guilty of seriouslapses. His findings confirm that it neglected to forcefully pursue Nazi murderers fordecades.According to Stahl, Germans who worked in the Foreign Office before 1945 failed tocooperate with public prosecutors and Interpol was another guilty agency. Stahluncovered one particularly revealing document, the minutes of a meeting of Interpolsexecutive committee from May 1962. A short time earlier, the World Jewish Congresshad asked Interpol to participate in the global search for Nazi war criminals. Interpolsthen-secretary general, Marcel Sicot, responded angrily. Why should war criminals beprosecuted, the Frenchman is quoted as asking in the minutes, "since the victor alwaysimposes his laws, anyway? No international entity defines the term war criminal." In 9
  10. 10. fact, Sicot regarded the criminal prosecution of Nazi crimes as "victors justice."Stahl also notes that one of the major obstacles in the hunt for Nazi criminals was thefact that South American dictators wanted to cover up their own crimes. On June 22,1979, the German ambassador in Brasilia wrote that the extradition of someone whohad committed war crimes almost 40 years earlier would "bolster the demands of thosewho insist that all crimes should be prosecuted, including those committed by themilitary and the police."In Germany, a new generation had entered the government bureaucracy -- and one thatwasnt afraid to use unconventional means to put Nazi criminals behind bars. In 1982,the Munich public prosecutors office initiated proceedings to apply for the extradition ofKlaus Barbie, the former chief of the Gestapo in Lyon, France. Fearing that Barbie couldbe acquitted in Germany for lack of evidence, Justice Ministry officials asked theirForeign Ministry counterparts to hint to Bonns French allies that "they should also seekBarbies deportation, specifically from Bolivia to France."When Paris agreed, the Foreign Ministry instructed the German embassy in La Paz, theBolivian capital, to "encourage such a development with suitable means."In early 1983, Barbie was deported to France. The notorious "Butcher of Lyon" died in ahospital in that city in 1991.None of this should come as a great surprise to anybody who knows even a little bit ofHolocaust history. The interesting thing is that a major German publication has made atop story of it. There is no question that much of the “new generation” feels stronglyabout justice and, unhappily for them, they know that even after the war it was notalways sought out by their parents and grandparents. Luckily for everyone, things arevery different today.HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL DAYAccording to DW, “On Sunday [Jan. 27th], organizations [held] events across Germanyto commemorate the victims of the National Socialist dictatorship under Adolf Hitler,who ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.Chancellor Merkel emphasized the importance of the Day of Remembrance for Victimsof National Socialism during her podcast posted online Saturday."We must clearly say, generation after generation, and say it again: with courage, civilcourage, each individual can help ensure that racism and anti-Semitism have nochance," she said. 10
  11. 11. Because the number of eyewitnesses to the crimes against humanity perpetrated by theNazi regime dwindles every year, people must take the opportunity to listen to survivors,she added."Naturally, [Germany has] an everlasting responsibility for the crimes of national-socialism, for the victims of World War II, and above all, for the Holocaust."In 1996, former German President Roman Herzog proclaimed January 27 the Day ofRemembrance for Victims of National Socialism, in order to stress the importance ofvigilance toward intolerance and hatred. The date was chosen for its significance inHolocaust history. On January 27, 1945 Soviet troops liberated Auschwitz-Birkenau, thelargest concentration camp where over one million men, women and children werekilled.The United Nations designated the same day in 2006 as the International Day ofCommemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust.Over six million people perished in concentration camps from forced labor, starvation,disease or extermination. The majority of the victims were Jews. The Nazi regime senthundreds of thousands of others to their deaths during their reign of terror, whom thestate deemed degenerate or a political threat, including the disabled, the mentally ill,homosexuals, Sinti and Roma, political enemies and members of religiousorganizations.Because the memorial day falls on a Sunday this year, the German parliament [held] its"hour of commemoration" on Wednesday. The German-Israeli author and journalist IngeDeutschkron [spoke] about her experiences surviving the Holocaust at the event.You might ask, “Who is Inge Deutschkron and why was she selected to be the one toaddress the Bundestag?” Wikipedia notes, “Inge Deutschkron was the daughter of aJewish secondary school teacher who moved the family to Berlin in 1927. But by 1933her father was fired from his job and fled to Great Britain in 1939—leaving Inge and hermother in Berlin.[1] Between 1941 and 1943, she worked for Otto Weidt in his brushworkshop. Otto Weidt supported mainly deaf and blind workers (a large proportion ofwhich were Jews), and it was with the help of Otto Weidt that Inge Deutschkronmanaged to evade deportation. From January 1943, Inge lived illegally in Berlin, and hidwith her mother in order to escape the Holocaust.Inge Deutschkron and her mother moved to London in 1946 where she studied foreignlanguages and became secretary to the Socialist International Organization. From 1954Inge traveled to India, Burma, Nepal and Indonesia before eventually returning toGermany in 1955 where she worked in Bonn as a freelance journalist. In 1958, Israelinewspaper Maariv hired Inge Deutschkron as a correspondent and she acted as anobserver for Maariv at the Frankfurt Auschwitz trial in 1963. Inge Deutschkron becamean Israeli citizen in 1966. Moving to Tel Aviv in 1972, Deutschkron became editor of theMaariv newspaper until 1988, dedicated to international and Middle East politics. She 11
  12. 12. returned to Berlin in December 1988 for the stage adaptation of her autobiography "IWore the Yellow Star" at the Grips-Theater. Since 1992, Inge Deutschkron has lived asa freelance writer in Tel Aviv and Berlin.She strives to ensure that the silent heroes, people who have rescued Jews from theGerman government are acknowledged, overseeing the work of the Museum of OttoWeidt and the Silent Heroes Museum in Berlin. She has written a number of books forchildren and adults on her life and the life of Otto Weidt.Frankly I did not previously know who Inge Deutschkron was. However, I nowunderstand that she is very well known in both Israel and Germany. In thinking aboutthis 86 year old woman it occurred to me that more thought should be focused on theability of Holocaust survivors to rebuild their lives after the horrors they went through.What enormous internal strength and fortitude it must have taken to have risen from theNazi nightmare and then to make a meaningful life for one‟s self. There are politiciansand public figures with bigger names but I cannot think of a better representative of theHolocaust survivors to appear before the Bundestag and all of Germany on this verysolemn day than Inge Deutschkron.See you again in March or when I get around to another edition.DuBow Digest is written and published by Eugene DuBow who can be contacted byclicking hereBoth the American and Germany editions are posted at www.dubowdigest.typepad.comClick here to connectBTW – all editions are posted at 12