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4 Knowledge Protection And Management3


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Knowledge Management
and Protection of Biological Resources
and Associated Traditional Knowledge 2008

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4 Knowledge Protection And Management3

  1. 1. Knowledge Management and Protection of Biological Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge Access and Benefit Sharing Gangtok, Sikkim April 2008 Deependra Tandukar International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
  2. 2. About the presentation
  3. 3. Knowledge Management Knowledge Management and Protection of Biological Resources and Associated TK
  4. 4. Explicit knowledge E=mc 2 step by step tutorial country Population Date % China 1,323,286,000 17 April 2008 19.84% India 1,131,644,000 17 April 2008 16.96% US 303,870,000 17 April 2008 4.55%
  5. 5. Tacit knowledge
  6. 6. Knowledge capture explicit knowledge socialisations tacit knowledge
  7. 7. TK and benefit sharing captured TK/data TK TK TK pirated
  8. 8. TK protection TK complex 13+ Int’l organisations no simple solution
  9. 9. Benefit sharing through biological information exchange <ul><li>CBD 7d, 12c, 15.7, 16 information management and exchange requirement </li></ul><ul><li>CBD 17 access to and transfer of technology among Contracting Parties are essential elements for the attainment of the objectives of this Convention </li></ul><ul><li>CBD 18.3 a clearing-house mechanism to promote and facilitate technical and scientific cooperation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Clearing House Mechanism
  11. 11. Clearing House Mechanism
  12. 12. CHM implementation <ul><li>Guided by COP decisions </li></ul><ul><li>CHM establishment: I/3 – Nov 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot phase for 96-97: II/3 – Nov1995 </li></ul><ul><li>CHM-IAC and Extended till Dec 1998: III/4 – Nov 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Review of CHM: IV/2 – May, 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic plan, longer term programme: V/14 – May 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Further develop toolkit (IV/2) incorporating guidelines, best practices. protocols: VI/18 – May 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Technical guidance, operational procedures of IAC: VII/23 – Feb 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Updated strategic plan 2005-2010: VIII/11 – Mar 2006 </li></ul>
  13. 13. CHM strategic plan: VIII/11 <ul><li>Updated strategic plan: 2005-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: To contribute significantly to the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its programme areas and cross-cutting issues, especially the 2010 target, through the promotion and facilitation of technical and scientific cooperation among Parties, other Governments and stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: i) promote and facilitate technical and scientific cooperation , ii) promote and facilitate information exchange , iii) develop network of partners </li></ul>
  14. 14. CHM today Global context <ul><li>Currently in the process of being improved to better contribute to the enhanced implementation phase of the Convention and the achievement of the 2010 biodiversity target </li></ul><ul><li>Launch of the new CBD website on 22 May 2007 on the occasion of the International Biodiversity Day – the first step of the process </li></ul>to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on Earth
  15. 15. CHM today Global context <ul><li>National CHM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>190 Parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>161 CHM NFP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>154 with email </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>85 CHM web sites </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. CHM today Asia Pacific and Middle East <ul><li>Total countries: 56 </li></ul><ul><li>CBD Parties: 54 </li></ul><ul><li>Parties with CHM NFP: 43 </li></ul><ul><li>Parties with CHM email: 40 </li></ul><ul><li>Parties with CHM website: 12 </li></ul><ul><li>In our region, all the countries are member of the CHM, have CHM NFP </li></ul><ul><li>Need for regional CHM at HKH region </li></ul>
  17. 17. Regional CHM site <ul><li>Will be online very soon </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the documents related to CBD is available either linked or downloadable including Country Policy documents, strategies, legislations of the countries in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Documents and ideas can be shared by the partners through the site </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Easy access to information </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge exchange among the partners – electronic and traditional means </li></ul><ul><li>Emerge as Regional CHM Knowledge Base for the HKH region </li></ul>
  18. 18. CHM Website <ul><li>Establish web presence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New or existing website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Host in-house or externally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on available resources and expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose easiest approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. CHM Website <ul><li>Use Content Management System (CMS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ready to use OpenSource systems available – Drupal, Joomla… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Portal Toolkit (PTK) – customised OpenSouorce CMS system built for CHM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use and maintain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCBD’s CMS if hosted on SCBD website </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. CHM Website <ul><li>Web content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key to success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On going job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up-to-date, easy to find and useful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General information – about the site, events, contact information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search, feedback </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. CHM Website <ul><li>Enhance web content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disseminate biodiversity related content – biodiversity in the country, region, strategies, policies and national reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote knowledge and technology available in your region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build the inventory of projects and initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who’s who in the region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Join the CHM network – (cc: country code)  </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. CHM Website <ul><li>Information exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep the information UP-TO-DATE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share experience, expertise and data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common formats, datasets and classification – vocabularies, taxonomies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automated information exchange mechanism – XML, RSS… Rio Convention specification can be found at </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. CHM Website <ul><li>Information dissemination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness raising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reaching out to indigenous and local communities, business sector, youth and media – can use Alternative Media to reach different groups </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. CHM Website CHM CHM exchange exchange exchange In this way CHM can promote transfer of technology and cooperation as well at it can facilitate Benefit Sharing redirects negotiation TK holder TK
  25. 25. TK and benefit sharing captured TK/data used CHM piracy benefit
  26. 26. <ul><li>Proper implementation of CHM can promote transfer of technology and cooperation as well at it can facilitate Benefit Sharing </li></ul>
  27. 27. Thank You