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Commutication - CodeMash 2017

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Commutication: Moving Ideas with Words

“By words we learn thoughts, and by thoughts we learn life.” – Jean Baptiste Girard How are concepts conveyed? How are thoughts shared? One way is by using words. But, which words should you use? And how can you tell if your words effectively convey your thoughts? What causes miscommunication, what are its effects, and how can you avoid it? And what are the benefits and limitations of a shared language? In this workshop, we will move from general to specific as we collaboratively attempt to understand and answer these questions, and many more. Starting with the definition of definition, we will investigate words and meaning, their properties, and their relationship. We will then examine how miscommunication can occur, look at some potential consequences of it, and explore some methods to minimize it. Finally, we will apply these ideas as we attempt to define some common terms and create a “common language”. In the end, attendees will gain new knowledge and tools to help them more effectively transfer ideas with words. Workshop Takeaways: * Deeper understanding of the meaning of words and meaning. * Some causes and effects of miscommunication and practical techniques to avoid it. * The difficulty of creating a shared language, even in a microcosm. * Ways to better understand others, and be better understood.

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Commutication - CodeMash 2017

  1. 1. Commut cat on Moving Ideas with Words
  2. 2. Commute planning Destination Vehicle Driver/Pax Map
  3. 3. Destination •Deeper, shared understanding •Better understand others, & be better understood •Your expectations? Jean Baptiste Girard By words we learn thoughts, and by thoughts we learn life.
  4. 4. Map Communication Definitions, words, meaning Miscommunication Common language
  5. 5. Vehicle •Workshop •Guided discussion, discovery, and exercises •Exploration Xunzi Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn..
  6. 6. Driver/Pax Damian Synadinos ineffable- solutions.com •Tester •Improvisor •Artist •Son, husband, father •Polymath •Autodidact
  7. 7. Travel games! •Kick the Bucket •Pulling my leg •Raining cats and dogs •Peeling the onion •A piece of cake •An axe to grind •The whole nine yards
  8. 8. Map Communication Definitions, words, meaning Miscommunication Common language
  9. 9. Definitions •Definitions •Categories •Types •Characteristics
  10. 10. Definitions Socrates The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms. Definition
  11. 11. Definitions definition, noun A statement of the exact meaning of a word, especially in a dictionary
  12. 12. Definitions statement, noun A definite or clear expression of something in speech or writing
  13. 13. Definitions definition, noun A [definite or clear expression of something in speech or writing] of the exact meaning of a word, especially in a dictionary
  14. 14. Definitions exact, adjective Not approximated in any way; precise
  15. 15. Definitions definition, noun A [definite or clear expression of something in speech or writing] of the [not approximated in any way; precise] meaning of a word, especially in a dictionary
  16. 16. Definitions meaning, noun What is meant by a word, text, concept, or action
  17. 17. Definitions meant, past participle Past and past participle of mean
  18. 18. Definitions mean, verb Intend to convey, indicate, or refer to (a particular thing or notion); signify
  19. 19. Definitions intend, verb Have (a course of action) as one’s purpose or objective; plan
  20. 20. Definitions purpose, noun The reason for which something is done or created or for which something exists
  21. 21. Definitions definition, noun A [definite or clear expression of something in speech or writing] of the [not approximated in any way; precise] [reason for which something is done or created or for which something exists] of a word, especially in a dictionary
  22. 22. Definitions word, noun A single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing, used with others (or sometimes alone) to form a sentence and typically shown with a space on either side when written or printed
  23. 23. Definitions definition, noun A [definite or clear expression of something in speech or writing] of the [not approximated in any way; precise] [reason for which something is done or created or for which something exists] of a [single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing], especially in a dictionary
  24. 24. John Ralston Saul Which dictionary? Dictionary – Opinion expressed as truth in alphabetical order.
  25. 25. Which dictionary? dictionary, noun • OED - A book which explains or translates, usually in alphabetical order, the words of a language or languages (or of a particular category of vocabulary), giving for each word its typical spelling, an explanation of its meaning or meanings, and often other information, such as pronunciation, etymology, synonyms, equivalents in other languages, and illustrative examples. • oxforddictionaries.com - A book or electronic resource that lists the words of a language (typically in alphabetical order) and gives their meaning, or gives the equivalent words in a different language, often also providing information about pronunciation, origin, and usage. • Merriam-Webster - A reference source in print or electronic form containing words usually alphabetically arranged along with information about their forms, pronunciations, functions, etymologies, meanings, and syntactical and idiomatic uses. • dictionary.com - A book, optical disc, mobile device, or online lexical resource (such as Dictionary.com ) containing a selection of the words of a language, giving information about their meanings, pronunciations, etymologies, inflected forms, derived forms, etc., expressed in either the same or another language.
  26. 26. Definitions definition, noun A [definite or clear expression of something in speech or writing] of the [not approximated in any way; precise] [reason for which something is done or created or for which something exists] of a [single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing], especially in a dictionary
  27. 27. Definitions definition, noun A clear expression of the precise, intended reason for which a single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing exists A statement of the exact meaning of a word, especially in a dictionary
  28. 28. Travel games! Definition Ping Pong
  29. 29. Definitions - Categories •Intensional •Extensional •Ostensive •Enumerative
  30. 30. Definitions - Categories intensional definition, noun Gives the meaning of a term by specifying all the properties required to come to that definition, that is, the necessary and sufficient conditions for belonging to the set being defined; the essence or spirit
  31. 31. Definitions - Categories - Intensional ghost
  32. 32. Definitions - Categories extensional definition, noun Identifies the members of the class it names by indicating instances of the thing being defined.
  33. 33. Definitions - Categories - Extensional ghost
  34. 34. Definitions - Categories - Extensional ghost
  35. 35. Definitions - Categories - Extensional ghost
  36. 36. Definitions - Types •Lexical •Precising •Stipulative •Persuading
  37. 37. Definitions - Types - Lexical ghost, noun The spirit of a dead person that someone sees or hears
  38. 38. Definitions - Types - Precising ghost, noun The usually translucent spirit of a dead person that someone sees or hears
  39. 39. Definitions - Types - Stipulative ghost, noun The usually translucent spirit of a dead thing that someone sees or hears
  40. 40. Definitions - Types - Stipulative bughost, noun The usually translucent spirit of a dead insect that someone sees or hears
  41. 41. Definitions - Types - Persuasive bughost, noun The usually translucent unholy spirit of a dead insect that someone sees or hears
  42. 42. Definitions - Characteristics •Equivalence •Essential Characteristics •Clarity •Neutrality
  43. 43. Travel games! Elephant Test
  44. 44. Travel games! Categories • Intensional - the essence, spirit • Extensional - examples • Ostensive - pointing Types • Lexical - as in a dictionary • Precising - extended definition • Stipulative - meaning in context • Persuasive - emotive words Characteristics • Equivalence - just right • Essential Characteristics - necessary & sufficient conditions • Clarity - help not hinder • Neutrality - avoid subjectivity
  45. 45. Crocodile Dundee That’s not a knife… That’s a knife!It’s just semantics?
  46. 46. It’s just semantics? semantics, plural noun The meaning of a word, phrase, sentence, or text definition, noun A statement of the exact meaning of a word, especially in a dictionary
  47. 47. Definitions Tony Robbins To effectively communicate, we must realize that we are all different in the way we perceive the world and use this understanding as a guide to our communication with others.Relativism
  48. 48. Definitions Michael Bolton For any abstract X, X is X to some person, at some time. Relative Rule
  49. 49. Rest stop Communication Definitions, words, meaning Miscommunication Common language
  50. 50. Communication •Definition •Models •Ways
  51. 51. Communication - Definition communication, noun The imparting or exchanging of information or news The act of transferring information from one place to another
  52. 52. •Transmission Model •SMCR Model •Transactional Model •Constructionist Model •Linear Model •Satir Interaction Model Communication - Models
  53. 53. Communication - Models •Sender •Encode •Message •Channel •Noise •Receiver •Decode
  54. 54. Communication - Models
  55. 55. Telepathy Communication - Ways
  56. 56. Vulcan Mind Meld Communication - Ways
  57. 57. Ideasthesia Communication - Ways
  58. 58. Communication - Ways Paul Watzlawick One cannot not communicate. Nonverbal
  59. 59. Travel games! Say it with feeling!
  60. 60. Travel games! “We have enough food to last for a week.”
  61. 61. Communication - Ways Verbal
  62. 62. Communication - Ways Words
  63. 63. Ludwig Wittgenstein The limits of my language means the limits of my world. Meaning without words?
  64. 64. Rest stop Communication Definitions, words, meaning Miscommunication Common language
  65. 65. Miscommunication •Definition •Causes •Effects •Reduction
  66. 66. miscommunication, noun Failure to communicate adequately Miscommunication - Definition
  67. 67. miscommunication, noun Failure [Lack of success] to communicate [impart or exchange information] adequately [to a satisfactory or acceptable extent] Miscommunication - Definition
  68. 68. Captain What we've got here is failure to communicate.. Failure to communicate?
  69. 69. Miscommunication - Causes •Sender •Encode •Message •Channel •Noise •Receiver •Decode
  70. 70. Miscommunication - Causes Jargon, Acronyms, Abbreviations
  71. 71. Miscommunication - Causes Missing Nonverbal Cues
  72. 72. Miscommunication - Causes Indirect Communication
  73. 73. Travel games! Telephone
  74. 74. Miscommunication - Causes Accents & Dialects George Bernard Shaw England and America are two countries divided by a common language.
  75. 75. Miscommunication - Causes Homonyms
  76. 76. Miscommunication - Causes Term Meaning Spelling Pronunciation Homonym Diff Same or Diff Same Homograph Diff Same Same or Diff Homophone Diff Same or Diff Same Heteronym Diff Same Diff Heterograph Diff Diff Same Synonym Same Diff Diff
  77. 77. Miscommunication - Causes McGurk Effect
  78. 78. Miscommunication - Causes Grammatical Errors Groucho Marx One morning I shot an elephant in my pajamas. How he got in my pajamas, I don't know
  79. 79. Miscommunication - Causes Shallow Agreement George Bernard Shaw The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place.
  80. 80. Miscommunication - Effects •Historic •Mine •Yours
  81. 81. Hiroshima & Nagasaki Miscommunication – Effects - Historic
  82. 82. mokusatsu, noun 1. take no notice of; 2. treat (anything) with silent contempt; 3. ignore [by keeping silence]; 4. remain in a wise and masterly inactivity Miscommunication – Effects - Historic
  83. 83. Miscommunication – Effects - Mine •Divorce •Spanish rice •Definition of “done” •“Culturally encourage”
  84. 84. Miscommunication – Effects – Yours?
  85. 85. •When to reduce? •Consider the •audience •environment •risk Miscommunication - Reduction
  86. 86. •Definition dissection •Etymology, history, roots •Synonyms •Antonyms Miscommunication - Reduction
  87. 87. •Asking •Examples (Extensional - Ostensive) •Explain, Describe (Precising) •Paraphrasing •Metaphor/Analogy •Drawing Miscommunication - Reduction
  88. 88. •Reverse Dictionary •Five W’s •Change Perspective (Relative Rule) •Safety Language (Epistemic modality) Miscommunication - Reduction
  89. 89. Travel games! •Curiosity killed the cat •Take with a grain of salt •Jump on the bandwagon •Elvis has left the building •Beat a dead horse •Under the weather •Let the cat out of the bag
  90. 90. Rest stop Communication Definitions, words, meaning Miscommunication Common language
  91. 91. Common languages •Definition & History •Benefits & Limitations •Exercise
  92. 92. common language, noun a.k.a. lingua franca, trade language, vehicular language A language that is adopted as a common language between speakers whose native languages are different Common languages - Definition
  93. 93. Travel games! Shared Language
  94. 94. Destination •Deeper, shared understanding •Better understand others, & be better understood •Your expectations? Thank You!

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