Encaustics      Week 5    Grade 7 & 8Debora Supplitt M.Ed.
What is Encaustics?
Encaustics is painting with melted bees                  wax
Egypt is on the North-Eastern Tip of               Africa
Most of these portrait mummies were found in the Egyptian Fayum Valley
In Egypt the Fayum Valley is located in the lower Egypt west of the Nile River     Why might this be important?
Route of the Ancient Greeks   Route of the Romans
These portraits were placed on the   deceased persons mummy
Egyptian Art
Picture of Ancient EgyptiansPicture of Egyptian Greco-Romans Three Cultures or Multi-culture
Egypt used Encaustic for Funeral           Portraits
Coptic Art
Fayum Mummy Portraits date from       300 BCE to 160 CE
Encaustic Fayum Mummy Portrait
Fayum mummy portraits are the first documented form of Encaustic Art
Look at the portraits what do you see?
What can you tell about this person?         Notice the hair styleEgyptian Possibly Greco   Egyptian-Greco Roman
What do you notice about these          people?What might their life been like?
What might be some similar thingsthat this person did in his life that you               do today?
Modern Encaustic Artist                Jasper Johns
Diego RiveraEncaustics and Gold Gilding Mural
Encaustiko is Greek which means to               burn in
The brushes we use for encaustics are       all natural animal hair.• Any acrylic, nylon, teklon, or synthetic  material w...
Clean your brush        Practice good brush hygiene•   Place brush on the heat palette•   Melt extra wax off•   Wipe exces...
Fuse the layers of waxtogether with a heat tool• Heat tools are held at a distance from the surface of the wax.• Gently mo...
Incising is to cut and scrape into the          picture creating lines• Incising creates lines, definition and can reveal ...
Karl Kaiser’s Encaustic Work
Other heat sources you can use  Dedicated “NO HOLE” Iron
Embellishing Encaustics• Pearl Ex powders• Gilding• Joss paperThis must be done on the top layer and fused in.
Transferring images• Must be toner based• Heat wax first• Place transfer image face down• Words need to be revered prior t...
Tweezers and dip into mediumPlace image on board and fuse
Mono Printing• Draw image directly onto heat palette• Drop rice paper, tissue paper, or thin paper onto  image.• Rub the b...
Medium is another name for the            melted wax• Most premixed medium come already  prepared with 6-1 Damar resin.• D...
Only use metal containers on the heat              palettes• Only use dedicated muffin tins, or loaf pans.• It has been su...
Only transport encaustic medium with  a hot pot holder. Or ask for help.
Encaustic Gesso is non acrylic based    using chalk as the foundation• Absorbent materials are needed to create on.• Hand ...
Dipping images to embed in a painting• Use needle nose tweezers.• Image paper will disappear once placed.• Cut excess pape...
The plate thermometer needs to   always hover around 200 degrees• Fire extinguisher is handy• Ventilation, open door, fan ...
ProcessWood substrate
Melted waxColored or Clear
Paint with waxAdd color to melted wax by mixing dry              pigments• http://www.womackworkshops.com/getting-  started/
Add color to picture by using oil            pastels
Process of Encaustics• Step one Warm Board with heat tool• Apply one even coat of clear wax for the base  coat.• Fuse toge...
Safety• Keep heat tray or palettes at 200 degrees.NO HOTTER!DO NOT TOUCH THE DIALOnly adult hand can regulatethe temperatu...
Be Safe, paint safe, bee creative!
7th 8th encaustic power point
7th 8th encaustic power point
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7th 8th encaustic power point

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Encaustic Art in the middle school classroom power point lecture

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  • Hi I only commented on one of the lesson responses but I have actually discussed this unit with other art teachers and teachers. For sure I will share it with World history teachers I think they would really like it. I have helped them with Egyptian paste which is interesting as well. But this program helps us all see how there certainly was interest in a realistic look to art in ancient cultures and times.
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7th 8th encaustic power point

  1. 1. Encaustics Week 5 Grade 7 & 8Debora Supplitt M.Ed.
  2. 2. What is Encaustics?
  3. 3. Encaustics is painting with melted bees wax
  4. 4. Egypt is on the North-Eastern Tip of Africa
  5. 5. Most of these portrait mummies were found in the Egyptian Fayum Valley
  6. 6. In Egypt the Fayum Valley is located in the lower Egypt west of the Nile River Why might this be important?
  7. 7. Route of the Ancient Greeks Route of the Romans
  8. 8. These portraits were placed on the deceased persons mummy
  9. 9. Egyptian Art
  10. 10. Picture of Ancient EgyptiansPicture of Egyptian Greco-Romans Three Cultures or Multi-culture
  11. 11. Egypt used Encaustic for Funeral Portraits
  12. 12. Coptic Art
  13. 13. Fayum Mummy Portraits date from 300 BCE to 160 CE
  14. 14. Encaustic Fayum Mummy Portrait
  15. 15. Fayum mummy portraits are the first documented form of Encaustic Art
  16. 16. Look at the portraits what do you see?
  17. 17. What can you tell about this person? Notice the hair styleEgyptian Possibly Greco Egyptian-Greco Roman
  18. 18. What do you notice about these people?What might their life been like?
  19. 19. What might be some similar thingsthat this person did in his life that you do today?
  20. 20. Modern Encaustic Artist Jasper Johns
  21. 21. Diego RiveraEncaustics and Gold Gilding Mural
  22. 22. Encaustiko is Greek which means to burn in
  23. 23. The brushes we use for encaustics are all natural animal hair.• Any acrylic, nylon, teklon, or synthetic material would melt in the heat.• Use inexpensive brushes• One brush per color or clean your brush really good between colors.
  24. 24. Clean your brush Practice good brush hygiene• Place brush on the heat palette• Melt extra wax off• Wipe excess off with a• paper towel
  25. 25. Fuse the layers of waxtogether with a heat tool• Heat tools are held at a distance from the surface of the wax.• Gently move the heat tool from side to side melting to only a glisten.• DO NOT OVER FUSE TO CREATE A RUNNING MELTED WAX MESS!• Every layer needs to be fused to the layer underneath
  26. 26. Incising is to cut and scrape into the picture creating lines• Incising creates lines, definition and can reveal layers under the top layer
  27. 27. Karl Kaiser’s Encaustic Work
  28. 28. Other heat sources you can use Dedicated “NO HOLE” Iron
  29. 29. Embellishing Encaustics• Pearl Ex powders• Gilding• Joss paperThis must be done on the top layer and fused in.
  30. 30. Transferring images• Must be toner based• Heat wax first• Place transfer image face down• Words need to be revered prior to placing down to read correctly• What can you transfer? Anything that is toner based• Use a wooden spoon or spoon to rub image onto wax surface• Use water to wet back to dampen and remove paper.
  31. 31. Tweezers and dip into mediumPlace image on board and fuse
  32. 32. Mono Printing• Draw image directly onto heat palette• Drop rice paper, tissue paper, or thin paper onto image.• Rub the back surface to make sure all the wax has been soaked into the paper.• Lift off from the corner• You may be able to get a second print.• Paper can be applied to a substrate after finishing with PVA adhesive.
  33. 33. Medium is another name for the melted wax• Most premixed medium come already prepared with 6-1 Damar resin.• Damar resin is a hardening agent that allows the wax to dry to a solid state.
  34. 34. Only use metal containers on the heat palettes• Only use dedicated muffin tins, or loaf pans.• It has been suggested not to use tuna or cat food cans.• I use them with wooden clothes pins.
  35. 35. Only transport encaustic medium with a hot pot holder. Or ask for help.
  36. 36. Encaustic Gesso is non acrylic based using chalk as the foundation• Absorbent materials are needed to create on.• Hand made papers can be a good choice• No pre stretched canvas’s these have acrylic gesso and the wax will fall off.
  37. 37. Dipping images to embed in a painting• Use needle nose tweezers.• Image paper will disappear once placed.• Cut excess paper off before dipping.
  38. 38. The plate thermometer needs to always hover around 200 degrees• Fire extinguisher is handy• Ventilation, open door, fan blowing outside to take exhaust out of room.
  39. 39. ProcessWood substrate
  40. 40. Melted waxColored or Clear
  41. 41. Paint with waxAdd color to melted wax by mixing dry pigments• http://www.womackworkshops.com/getting- started/
  42. 42. Add color to picture by using oil pastels
  43. 43. Process of Encaustics• Step one Warm Board with heat tool• Apply one even coat of clear wax for the base coat.• Fuse together (melt wax just to shinny glimmer)• DO NOT OVER FUSE to a Liquid mess.• Add color, layers, texture.
  44. 44. Safety• Keep heat tray or palettes at 200 degrees.NO HOTTER!DO NOT TOUCH THE DIALOnly adult hand can regulatethe temperature.• If the tray or your piece starts to smokeSTOP, UNPLUG, and WAITNever let anything smokeSMOKE IS BAD!
  45. 45. Be Safe, paint safe, bee creative!

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