The brushes we use for encaustics are all natural animal hair.• Any acrylic, nylon, teklon, or synthetic material would melt in the heat.• Use inexpensive brushes• One brush per color or clean your brush really good between colors.
Clean your brush Practice good brush hygiene• Place brush on the heat palette• Melt extra wax off• Wipe excess off with a• paper towel
Fuse the layers of waxtogether with a heat tool• Heat tools are held at a distance from the surface of the wax.• Gently move the heat tool from side to side melting to only a glisten.• DO NOT OVER FUSE TO CREATE A RUNNING MELTED WAX MESS!• Every layer needs to be fused to the layer underneath
Incising is to cut and scrape into the picture creating lines• Incising creates lines, definition and can reveal layers under the top layer
Other heat sources you can use Dedicated “NO HOLE” Iron
Embellishing Encaustics• Pearl Ex powders• Gilding• Joss paperThis must be done on the top layer and fused in.
Transferring images• Must be toner based• Heat wax first• Place transfer image face down• Words need to be revered prior to placing down to read correctly• What can you transfer? Anything that is toner based• Use a wooden spoon or spoon to rub image onto wax surface• Use water to wet back to dampen and remove paper.
Tweezers and dip into mediumPlace image on board and fuse
Mono Printing• Draw image directly onto heat palette• Drop rice paper, tissue paper, or thin paper onto image.• Rub the back surface to make sure all the wax has been soaked into the paper.• Lift off from the corner• You may be able to get a second print.• Paper can be applied to a substrate after finishing with PVA adhesive.
Medium is another name for the melted wax• Most premixed medium come already prepared with 6-1 Damar resin.• Damar resin is a hardening agent that allows the wax to dry to a solid state.
Only use metal containers on the heat palettes• Only use dedicated muffin tins, or loaf pans.• It has been suggested not to use tuna or cat food cans.• I use them with wooden clothes pins.
Only transport encaustic medium with a hot pot holder. Or ask for help.
Encaustic Gesso is non acrylic based using chalk as the foundation• Absorbent materials are needed to create on.• Hand made papers can be a good choice• No pre stretched canvas’s these have acrylic gesso and the wax will fall off.
Dipping images to embed in a painting• Use needle nose tweezers.• Image paper will disappear once placed.• Cut excess paper off before dipping.
The plate thermometer needs to always hover around 200 degrees• Fire extinguisher is handy• Ventilation, open door, fan blowing outside to take exhaust out of room.
Process of Encaustics• Step one Warm Board with heat tool• Apply one even coat of clear wax for the base coat.• Fuse together (melt wax just to shinny glimmer)• DO NOT OVER FUSE to a Liquid mess.• Add color, layers, texture.
Safety• Keep heat tray or palettes at 200 degrees.NO HOTTER!DO NOT TOUCH THE DIALOnly adult hand can regulatethe temperature.• If the tray or your piece starts to smokeSTOP, UNPLUG, and WAITNever let anything smokeSMOKE IS BAD!