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IoT概論: AITCオープンラボ IoT勉強会

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11月度AITCオープンラボでの発表資料です。

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IoT概論: AITCオープンラボ IoT勉強会

  1. 1. 11月AITCオープンラボ IoT概論 ~ 歴史から全体を俯瞰~ AITC CC研サブリーダー エバンジェリスト 高岡大介 Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 1
  2. 2. IoT やってますか? Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. 最近よく聞く IoTってなぁに? Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. モノの インターネットで ある! (`・ω・´) ドヤァッ Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. いや、そんなの見たら分かるし バカじゃないの? 具体的に何なのよ! Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. IoTとは ゴ、ゴメンナサイ (´・ω・`) IoTとは、いろんな組織が いろんな解釈で語ってます。 まずは、それを見てみましょう。 Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. ” IoTとは(野村総研) PCやスマートフォンだけでなく、日用品・家電・自動車・建 物・食物などのさまざまなモノがRFIDや組み込みセンサー、 無線LANなどによりインターネットに接続し、識別したり、位 置を特定したり、コントロール可能にしようとするビジョン Internet of Things(モノのインターネット)時代の到来 https://www.nri.com/jp/event/mediaforum/2012/pdf/forum183_1.pdf Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. IoTとは(Intel) 従来の組み込みとは異なり、ネットワーク接続機能を持つデバイスや モノ(Thing)とした上で、IoTの特質は5つのポイントだと指摘した。 − スケール(Scale) − 自律性(Autonomous) − 弾力性/回復性(Resiliency) − 耐久性(Durability) − 接続(Connected) Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 8 ” Intelが「COOL Chips」カンファレンスでIoTソフトウェア戦略を説明 http://pc.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/column/kaigai/20140422_645444.html
  9. 9. IoTとは(Microsoft) Internet ” of Your Thingsを創造する http://www.microsoft.com/windowsembedded/ja-jp/internet-of-things.aspx Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. IoTとは(Cisco) 人、プロセス、データ、モノを組み合わせたIoE 時代がくる。” Internet of Everything(IoE)に関するホワイトペーパーを発表 http://www.cisco.com/web/JP/news/pr/2013/022.html Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. IoTとは なにこれ! 言ってることバラバラな上に 全然意味分からないんだけど! Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. ゴ、ゴメンナサイ (´・ω・`) IoTとは、は一度置いておいて 昔話をみてみましょう Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 12
  13. 13. 時は 90年代・・・ Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 13 IoTの歴史
  14. 14. ユビキタスネットワーク というのがありました Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 14 IoTの歴史
  15. 15. そのユビキタスネットワーク を実現するアイテム RFID の可能性が探られているころ Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 15 IoTの歴史
  16. 16. 1999年、Kevin Ashtonにより Internet of Things という言葉が提唱される Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 16 IoTの歴史
  17. 17. それから10年後、2009年に RFID Journal に投稿し MIT Auto-ID Labsなどから広まる Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 17 IoTの歴史
  18. 18. 当時は RFID の センサーネットワーク の話だった!! Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 18 IoTの歴史
  19. 19. その後、マーケッターなど に色々付け加えられ、 今に居たる。 Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 19 IoTの歴史
  20. 20. IoTの歴史 最後ハショリすぎだろ。 まぁ、なんとなく分かったわ。 Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 20
  21. 21. IoTとは つまり、当初センサーをネット-ワークに繋げ ると言う話しだったのが、拡張されてきたのね。 語感が良いのと流行りに乗ろう的な考えで各社、 自社のビジネスに合うように拡大解釈してカオ スになってるということかしら。 はい。そんな感じだと思います。。 (´・ω・`) Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 21
  22. 22. IoTとは これまでも M2Mとか、GEの Industrial Interner、IBMの Smart Planet とか 似たような概念は色々あったよね。 何が違うのかしら? 基本的に今のIoTは全てを含む上位互換 というのが大凡の見方だよ。 (´・ω・`) Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 22
  23. 23. IoTとは つまり、こういうことかしら Smart Planet (SmartCity) Industrial Internet (FA、SmartGrid、GigData) M2M (自動販売機、スマートメーター、Parking) センサーネットワーク(RFID、センサー) 広義のIoT 狭義のIoT (´・ω・`) 物わかり良すぎだろ Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 23
  24. 24. IoTとM2M (´・ω・`) 補足すると、M2Mは、あくまでデバイス間 の通信がメイン。それに対して、IoTはその先 の人、サービス、コンテンツまでも繋げる。 つまり、IoTの一部を構成するのがM2Mであ る、と言われているね。 Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 24
  25. 25. IoTの適応分野 IoTの適応分野ってどんなのがあるの? Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 25
  26. 26. Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. http://www.beechamresearch.com/article.aspx?id=246
  27. 27. IoTの適応分野 少し古い資料だけど、結構網羅してる。 建設、エネルギー、ホーム&コンシューマー、 ヘルスケア、工業、運輸業、小売り、セキュ リティ、IT&ネットワークと、幅広い分野が 対象だよ。 (´・ω・`) むしろ関係ない業界無さそうだよね Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 27
  28. 28. IoTの市場規模 それだけ広い対象だと、 さぞ儲かりそうだよね~ (´・ω・`) 2013年10月のガートナー調 べによると、2020年には1.9 兆億ドルらしい。220兆円! ちなみに、日本の国家予算(96兆円:一般会計)の 2.3倍!まぁ、業界広いからGDP足し合わせると 莫大にみえるだけって話しも。。。 http://bdm.change-jp.com/?p=1790 Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 28
  29. 29. なぜ今IoT? そりゃ、みんなやりたくなるね! だから流行ってるのか! いや、まぁそうだけど、クラウドやBigDataの基盤 もでき、小型で安価なセンサーも成熟してきたので、 いよいよ実現可能性が見えてきた、というのが一般 的な見方だね。個人的にはメーカーズムーブメントとの関連性も興味深い ところではあるけど。。。 (´・ω・`) Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 29
  30. 30. IoTの課題 じゃあ、これからは IoT で 未来生活が実現されるんだね! とはいえ、もちろん課題も多い。 セキュリティ、プライバシー、標準化が 大きな課題だね。標準化については、次 のような標準化団体ができているよ。 (´・ω・`) Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 30
  31. 31. IoT関連団体 • Internet of Things Consortium • 2013年1月8日設立 • smartthings(スマートホーム)、basis(スマートウォッチ・フィットネス) • AllSeen Alliance • Qualcommが中心となって2013年12月10日に設立 • Microsoft、パナソニック、シャープ、中国Haier(海爾)、韓国LG Electronics、ソニー • Industrial Internet Consortium(IIC) • 米GEや米Sisco Systemsなど米大手5社が2014年3月27日に設立 • 米AT&T、米IBM、米Intel、富士通、日立、など • Open Interconnect Consortium(OIC) • Intel、Sumsung、Dellなどが2014年7月8日に設立 • Intel、米Atmel、米Broadcom、米Dell、韓国Samsung 、米Wind River Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 31
  32. 32. IoT関連団体 先にあったStartup系コンソーシアム(Internet of Things Consortium) を無視して、 家電連合(AllSeen Alliance)、米大手連合(IIC)、 半導体連合(OIC)と、都合の良いコンソーシアムが どんどんできるのが、素敵だね! 各コンソーシアムで協調してくれるんだろうか… (´・ω・`) Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 32
  33. 33. まとめ Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 33 IoTは人によって対象が違うので、 どこについての話なのか、 全体像から確認してね。
  34. 34. 参考 • Internet of Things(Wikipedia) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things • M2M/IoT Sector Map http://www.beechamresearch.com/article.aspx?id=4 • Making Sense Of The Internet Of Things http://techcrunch.com/2013/05/25/making-sense-of-the-internet-of-things/ • Google Trend (IoT vs M2M) http://goo.gl/LcLkPg • BIG DATA: SEIZING OPPORTUNITIES, PRESERVING VALUES http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/ big_data_privacy_report_may_1_2014.pdf • 「モノのインターネット」--定義はどこまで拡散するのか http://japan.zdnet.com/cio/sp_14kurihara/35051376/ • IoTの市場性と、IoTを取り巻く最新技術動向 http://codezine.jp/article/detail/7750 • 2018年に20兆円に達するM2M/IoT市場--NTT Comが考える機会と課題 http://japan.zdnet.com/cio/sp_14m2m/35053156/ • モノのインターネットが実現する未来を考える「IoTが向かう未来の話をしよう」イベントレポート http://make2020.net/blog/ svs10_iot/ • Gartner Says 4.9 Billion Connected "Things" Will Be in Use in 2015 http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2905717 • Gartner Says the Processing, Sensing and Communications Semiconductor Device Portion of the IoT Is Set for Rapid Growth http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2895917 • 「モノのインターネットとは?」 ~IoTの動向と課題~ 前編 http://bdm.change-jp.com/?p=1677 • 半導体の基礎知識(4)――IoTを定義しよう http://ednjapan.com/edn/articles/1407/14/news007.html • The Internet of Things(IBMSocialMedia) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sfEbMV295Kk • Internet of Things Consortium http://iofthings.org/ • AllSeen Alliance https://allseenalliance.org/ • Industrial Internet Consortium(IIC) http://www.industrialinternetconsortium.org/ • Open Interconnect Consortium(OIC) http://openinterconnect.org/ Copyright © 2014 Advanced IT Consortium to Evaluate, Apply and Drive All Rights Reserved. 34

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