Computer class pc basics 9 14-11

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  • Use Word to demonstrate opening and closing a program and where these buttons are on the screen.
    Use windows calculator do demonstrate some of the same.
  • Each time you double-click and open a program, its icon appears on the task bar at the bottom of the screen.
    These are buttons of programs already active, ▶▶DO NOT open another window for internet using the ICON to the right of the ‘Start’ button◄◄, which is the Quick Launch toolbar
    Switch back and forth between active programs shown on the task bar with a simple click of the mouse button or use the <alt + tab> keys.
  • Computer class pc basics 9 14-11

    1. 1. COMPUTER BASICSCOMPUTER BASICS
    2. 2. What this class coversWhat this class covers • BASICS !BASICS ! • It’s okay if you don’t rememberIt’s okay if you don’t remember everythingeverything • You will go away with something youYou will go away with something you didn’t know before!didn’t know before!
    3. 3. Computer TermsComputer Terms • Computer caseComputer case – case that holds all the electronic– case that holds all the electronic components – hard drive, RAM, central processing unit (CPU),components – hard drive, RAM, central processing unit (CPU), and motherboardand motherboard • KeyboardKeyboard – Typewriter-like keys used to type information– Typewriter-like keys used to type information into the computerinto the computer • MonitorMonitor – Visual display of what is running inside the– Visual display of what is running inside the computercomputer • MouseMouse – Hand-sized device that controls the movement of– Hand-sized device that controls the movement of the pointer (cursor)the pointer (cursor) • CursorCursor --- Flashing indication of where your action will effect--- Flashing indication of where your action will effect the pagethe page
    4. 4. Basic Hardware
    5. 5. Terms, cont.Terms, cont. • DesktopDesktop – Think like an office environment. The monitor screen showing icons.– Think like an office environment. The monitor screen showing icons. Documents and programs run on theDocuments and programs run on the desktopdesktop • IconIcon – Thumbnail picture indicating a link to a program or file– Thumbnail picture indicating a link to a program or file • FilesFiles – Collected data is saved as a file with a name to be retrieved at a later date.– Collected data is saved as a file with a name to be retrieved at a later date. Can be documents, pictures, programs etc. Different types of files have differentCan be documents, pictures, programs etc. Different types of files have different “last names” ie .doc .pdf .exe .jpg“last names” ie .doc .pdf .exe .jpg • Disk drivesDisk drives – Hardware used for data storage. Computer programs read from and– Hardware used for data storage. Computer programs read from and write data to a hard disk drive usually named the “C Drive” and found inside thewrite data to a hard disk drive usually named the “C Drive” and found inside the computer case. DVD-ROM, CD-ROM, floppy, and flash drives are portable drives.computer case. DVD-ROM, CD-ROM, floppy, and flash drives are portable drives. • TaskbarTaskbar – Bar running across the monitor showing open files and programs, and– Bar running across the monitor showing open files and programs, and allowing for switching between themallowing for switching between them • Byte (B), Megabyte (MB), Gigabyte (G)Byte (B), Megabyte (MB), Gigabyte (G) – units of memory, eight bits make up a– units of memory, eight bits make up a byte which constitutes a character such as a letter, number, or typographic symbol.byte which constitutes a character such as a letter, number, or typographic symbol. •1,048,576 bytes = 1 MB1,048,576 bytes = 1 MB •1024 MB = 1 G1024 MB = 1 G
    6. 6. Portable file storagePortable file storage 650 MB 650 – 700 MB 4.7 GB 1.44 MB 100 MB 64 MB – 64 GB
    7. 7. Operating SystemsOperating Systems • Windows 98Windows 98 • Windows XPWindows XP • VistaVista • Windows 7Windows 7 An operating system enables the computer hardware to communicate and operate with the computer software. Some examples of commonly used operating systems include:
    8. 8. Using a MouseUsing a Mouse Button ActionButton Action Used toUsed to Left buttonLeft button Single clickSingle click Select objectSelect object Double click*Double click* Open (run) program or fileOpen (run) program or file Right buttonRight button Single clickSingle click Open drop down menu with optionsOpen drop down menu with options Note: The different solitaire card games on your computer allow you to practice with your mouse Right-handed -- Hold the mouse with your thumb along the left side and your ring finder and little finger along the right side. Your index finger will be over the left mouse button and your middle finger will be over the right one. Left-handed – Hold mouse in mirrored image. *Tip: Single left click, followed by pressing ‘Enter’ key, works like double click.
    9. 9. DESKTOPDESKTOP Icons Start Button Taskbar Older Versions of the Windows Operating SystemOlder Versions of the Windows Operating System
    10. 10. Windows 7 (vista)Windows 7 (vista) Start Button Task Bar: “pin” frequently used programs and files “gadgets”
    11. 11. Gadgets: Choose desktop displayGadgets: Choose desktop display Windows Explorer to see files
    12. 12. CursorsCursors SelectSelect objectobject Wait,Wait, Working inWorking in backgroundbackground Wait,Wait, ProgramProgram busybusy ResizeResize objectobject EditEdit texttext MoveMove objectobject
    13. 13. ProgramsPrograms Computers come with programs installed. YouComputers come with programs installed. You may add more as needed.may add more as needed. • Microsoft Office vs. Microsoft WorksMicrosoft Office vs. Microsoft Works – An office suite that allows you to create documents,An office suite that allows you to create documents, spreadsheets, presentations and calendarsspreadsheets, presentations and calendars • Internet ExplorerInternet Explorer – Web Browsers for “surfing” the WorldWideWebWeb Browsers for “surfing” the WorldWideWeb • Money or QuickenMoney or Quicken – Personal finance software including an electronicPersonal finance software including an electronic checkbookcheckbook • Media PlayerMedia Player – Software for listening to and organizing music, videos,Software for listening to and organizing music, videos, online radio, etc.online radio, etc. • CalculatorCalculator – Lets play with this built in tool to try opening a programLets play with this built in tool to try opening a program
    14. 14. Common WindowCommon Window ElementsElements Title bar Menu bar Toolbar(s) Scroll Bars Status Bar Window Control Buttons
    15. 15. Navigating the Task Bar:Navigating the Task Bar: Switching Between OpenSwitching Between Open ProgramsPrograms Task bar (bottom of screen) -- Use the task bar to switch between open programs by pointing the arrow cursor to the program desired and single click the left button of the mouse. Quick Launch Bar – These items only need to be clicked 1 time to open the program. Click to select open programs and files.
    16. 16. Creating and Saving FilesCreating and Saving Files Launch / Open Microsoft WordLaunch / Open Microsoft Word Click (left button) to create New document Click (left button) to save document •Select Drive / Path by clicking down arrow of ‘Save in’ box •Enter file name in ‘File name’ box •Click ‘Save’ button Click (left button) to open an existing document OR
    17. 17. FileFile ManagementManagement 1. Open ‘My Documents’ * 2. Select ‘Make a new folder’ 4. Select ‘Rename this folder’ 5. Move file to folder – select file, holding button down, drag onto folder, and release 3. Select ‘New Folder’ icon *If you are saving to a portable media device, open its ‘Drive’ .
    18. 18. Now called “Libraries”Now called “Libraries”
    19. 19. File Storage revisitedFile Storage revisited • Hard drivesHard drives • Thumb DrivesThumb Drives • Floppy DrivesFloppy Drives • Writable CD drivesWritable CD drives
    20. 20. Using the ClipboardUsing the Clipboard • Select item or textSelect item or text by left click andby left click and dragdrag • Copy/Paste byCopy/Paste by right click and dropright click and drop down menudown menu • Cut/Paste by rightCut/Paste by right click and dropclick and drop down menudown menu Text text text text
    21. 21. Power Down / TurningPower Down / Turning OffOff • Close every program with aClose every program with a single left click to the ‘X’ in thesingle left click to the ‘X’ in the upper right corner of eachupper right corner of each window.window. • Single left click on the ‘Start’Single left click on the ‘Start’ buttonbutton • Select ‘Shut Down’Select ‘Shut Down’ • Click ‘OK’Click ‘OK’
    22. 22. ReviewReview • Power on the PCPower on the PC • Start [My Documents]Start [My Documents] • Create a new folderCreate a new folder • Rename the folderRename the folder • Delete the folderDelete the folder • Close [My Documents]Close [My Documents] • Turn off the Personal ComputerTurn off the Personal Computer
    23. 23. Questions?Questions?

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