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WWI

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WWI

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>What caused the Boxer Rebellion? </li></ul><ul><li>Resentment of foreign influence in China </li></ul>
  2. 2. World War I Objective: Cover the major events of the first world war
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Alliance System </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance or Central Powers: </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Italy (At Start of War) </li></ul><ul><li>Triple Entente or Allied Powers: </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>I. Nationalism : The feeling one has for one's nation or homeland. </li></ul><ul><li>II. Militarism : The building up of armies and navies. </li></ul><ul><li>III. Alliances : A strategic friendship between two or more nations </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Dissent within Nations: The Spark that starts WWI : The assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria started the war. WWI will last four years and millions will die. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Outbreak of War <ul><li>Arch Duke Ferdinand was killed by a Serbian Terrorist </li></ul><ul><li>Austro-Hungarian ask for help from Germany and then declare war on Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Serbia is backed by Russia When war is declared on Serbia Russia becomes involved </li></ul><ul><li>WWI is a total war meaning a complete moblizati0n of people and resources </li></ul>
  6. 6. Outbreak of War <ul><li>Germany tells Russia to stop mobilizing </li></ul><ul><li>Russia refuses and Germany considers it an act of war </li></ul><ul><li>Germany declares war on Russia. Since France is an ally of Russia Germany declares war on France also. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany invades Belgium and Britain declares war on Germany </li></ul>
  7. 7. Western Front <ul><li>Germany’s Schlieffen Plan attack both Russia and France </li></ul><ul><li>Germany sweeps through Belgium and is stop in France at the battle of Marne </li></ul><ul><li>Front turns into a stalemate neither side can gain ground </li></ul><ul><li>Trench Warfare begins </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Great Slaughter <ul><li>Trenches on the western front included massive tangles of barded wire, Machine gun nests, gun batteries, and heavy artillery. Soldiers lived in holes in the ground </li></ul><ul><li>The territory between the two sides was called no-man’s land </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Great Slaughter <ul><li>Military leaders are not use to fighting a trench warfare type of war </li></ul><ul><li>They throw massive waves of infantry at the enemy. Only to be cut down by machine guns and artillery </li></ul><ul><li>Millions died in these attacks </li></ul><ul><li>The battle of Verdun 700,000 men are killed in ten months </li></ul><ul><li>WWI becomes a war of attrition </li></ul>
  10. 11. Eastern Front <ul><li>War was far more mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Army invades Germany but is pushed back </li></ul><ul><li>Russians push Austria-Hungary out of Serbia </li></ul><ul><li>Italy switches sides an attacks Austria-Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Germany comes to Austria aid and together defeat Russia 2.5 million Russians are killed </li></ul>
  11. 12. Causes Of WWI
  12. 13. <ul><li>A) Modern science and technology produced weapons of great destruction and killing power (the machine gun, artillery, airplane, submarine, poison gas, the tank ) </li></ul>
  13. 14. Expanding the war <ul><li>Because the war was bogged down both sides try to gain new allies </li></ul><ul><li>1914 Allies declare war on the Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>1915 open a third front in the Balkans </li></ul><ul><li>After a disastrous campaign the Allies withdraw </li></ul><ul><li>1918 British forces defeat Ottoman Empire by using soldiers from Australia, India, and New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Allies begin seizing German colonies around the world </li></ul>
  14. 15. Weapons of WWI

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