Writing Of The Constitution


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Writing Of The Constitution

  1. 1. Writing of the Constitution Objective: Understand the events that led to the writing of the Constitution
  2. 2. May 1787 <ul><li>55 men went to Philadelphia to improve the Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Before the delegates decided to start over and create a new government </li></ul><ul><li>During the next four months they worked to create the Constitution of the United States </li></ul>
  3. 3. Framers of the Constitution <ul><li>The framers are the 55 men who wrote the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>These men were farmers, lawyers, and merchants many fought in the American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>These men included George Washington, Ben Franklin, James Madison, and Gouverneur Morris </li></ul>
  4. 4. Constitutional Convention <ul><li>The Framers decided everything said at the convention would be secret </li></ul><ul><li>The convention was held during the hot summer months with all the doors and windows shut during meetings for secrecy </li></ul><ul><li>Secrecy was important so the framers could speak freely </li></ul>
  5. 5. Agreements and Arguments <ul><li>Framers agreed on six principals for their new representative democracy </li></ul><ul><li>1. The Constitution would protect the natural rights of people </li></ul><ul><li>2. Limited government </li></ul><ul><li>3. Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>4. Separation of powers </li></ul><ul><li>5. Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><li>6. Federalism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Compromises <ul><li>One major disagreement was how to organize Congress </li></ul><ul><li>They also disagreed about how many representatives each state should have </li></ul><ul><li>Large states believed reps should be based on population </li></ul><ul><li>Small states believed each state should have an equal number of reps </li></ul>
  7. 7. Great Compromise <ul><li>The delegates finally decided that there would be two houses in Congress </li></ul><ul><li>The Senate- would have two senators from each state </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Representatives- would have a number of representatives based on their population </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Slavery Issue <ul><li>Southern States wanted slaves to be counted as part of their population </li></ul><ul><li>This would mean more reps for them in Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Northern States disagreed because counting them would mean southern states would have more power </li></ul>
  9. 9. Slavery Compromise <ul><li>The slavery Compromise was called the 3/5 compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Only 3/5 of the total slave population could be counted for representatives </li></ul><ul><li>Finally the delegates decided that no law could be passed to stop slave trade for twenty years </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Decisions <ul><li>Framers decided the executive branch would be led by a President </li></ul><ul><li>They set term limits for reps </li></ul><ul><li>Decide which powers the federal government would have and which the states would have </li></ul><ul><li>They also decided how to add new laws to the Constitution called Amendments </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ratification <ul><li>September 1787 the delegates were finished writing </li></ul><ul><li>They decided that only nine states were needed for ratification </li></ul><ul><li>Some people felt the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>The Framers agreed to add a Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>At last in 1788 the Constitution was ratified </li></ul>