Understanding Our Constitution Objective: To understand how the Constitution works How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
Constitution Has Eight Parts <ul><li>The Preamble “We the people” </li></ul><ul><li>Preamble tells us the goals of the Con...
A Closer Look at the Articles <ul><li>Article 1 – establishes the legislature (Congress) and how it should work </li></ul>...
A Closer Look at the Articles <ul><li>Article 6- is the Supremacy Law. Establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of ...
Separation of Powers <ul><li>The Constitution gives separate powers to each branch of the government </li></ul><ul><li>Art...
Supreme Court <ul><li>Is the highest court in the land </li></ul><ul><li>It oversees all of the lower federal courts and s...
Checks and Balances <ul><li>Congress alone does not pass laws </li></ul><ul><li>The President must read every law and deci...
Checks and Balances <ul><li>Should the Congress or President either pass a law or act in a way that violates the Constitut...
Changing the Constitution <ul><li>Article 5- lays out how an amendment can be added to the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>...
Elastic Clause <ul><li>In Article 1 the elastic clause states Congress can make all laws that are needed to carry out its ...
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Understanding Our Constitution

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Understanding Our Constitution

  1. 1. Understanding Our Constitution Objective: To understand how the Constitution works How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  2. 2. Constitution Has Eight Parts <ul><li>The Preamble “We the people” </li></ul><ul><li>Preamble tells us the goals of the Constitution; Justice, Peace, Safety, and Liberty </li></ul><ul><li>Articles 1-3 describe how the government will work </li></ul><ul><li>Articles 4-7 describe other important ideas </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Closer Look at the Articles <ul><li>Article 1 – establishes the legislature (Congress) and how it should work </li></ul><ul><li>Article 2- establishes the powers of the executive branch (President) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 3- establishes the judicial branch (Supreme Court) </li></ul><ul><li>Article 4- explains how states must work together </li></ul><ul><li>Article 5 – explains how Amendments can be added to the Constitution </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Closer Look at the Articles <ul><li>Article 6- is the Supremacy Law. Establishes the Constitution as the supreme law of the land </li></ul><ul><li>Article 7- Explains how the Constitution must be ratified </li></ul>
  5. 5. Separation of Powers <ul><li>The Constitution gives separate powers to each branch of the government </li></ul><ul><li>Article 1 states that Congress is the voice of the people and that the two houses must work together to pass laws </li></ul><ul><li>Article 2 states it is the job of the President to carry out (enforce) the laws passed by Congress and that the President is the Commander and Chief of the Military </li></ul>
  6. 6. Supreme Court <ul><li>Is the highest court in the land </li></ul><ul><li>It oversees all of the lower federal courts and state courts </li></ul><ul><li>The nine judges are appointed by the President and serve for life </li></ul><ul><li>Before serving each Judge must be approved by the Senate (Check and Balance) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Congress alone does not pass laws </li></ul><ul><li>The President must read every law and decide to either sign it into law or veto it </li></ul><ul><li>If the President veto’s the bill; Congress can override if 2/3’s of the House and the Senate vote for the bill </li></ul><ul><li>The President can make treaties with other nations however, Congress must approve </li></ul>
  8. 8. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Should the Congress or President either pass a law or act in a way that violates the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court can declare their actions or laws unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Conversely only Congress can remove a President or Supreme Court Justice from office for committing a crime </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changing the Constitution <ul><li>Article 5- lays out how an amendment can be added to the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1788 only 27 Amendments have been added </li></ul><ul><li>For an Amendment to be added 2/3’s of both houses of Congress must approve as well as ¾’s of the states must ratify it </li></ul>
  10. 10. Elastic Clause <ul><li>In Article 1 the elastic clause states Congress can make all laws that are needed to carry out its powers </li></ul>

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