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The United States Becomes A World Power


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The United States Becomes A World Power

  1. 1. The United States Becomes a World Power Objective: Cover American Expansionism from the 1850’s into the 1900’s
  2. 2. Imperialism <ul><li>Imperialism taken over other peoples land for resources or economic gain </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of Industry helps US become world power </li></ul><ul><li>Imperialism came to US from Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies provide raw material, oil, rubber, cotton </li></ul>
  3. 3. Trade with Japan <ul><li>1853 Commodore Perry visits Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Develop trade and better treatment for sailors </li></ul><ul><li>1854 Japan signs friendship treaty with US </li></ul><ul><li>Trade with US help Japan become modern nation </li></ul><ul><li>Japan builds a powerful army and navy </li></ul><ul><li>Japan becomes one of the most powerful nations in Asia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purchase of Alaska <ul><li>William Henry Seward </li></ul><ul><li>Sec. State under Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Bought Alaska for 7.2 million </li></ul><ul><li>Alaska rich in resources </li></ul><ul><li>Joins union in 1959 becoming 49 th state </li></ul><ul><li>Same year US annex Midway Island </li></ul>
  5. 5. Annexation of Hawaii <ul><li>During 1800s missionaries move to Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Teach Hawaiians to be Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>Descendants become planters </li></ul><ul><li>Most sugar sold to US </li></ul><ul><li>1887 King allows US to use Pearl Harbor as a base </li></ul><ul><li>In 1893 Americans revolt and overthrow the queen </li></ul><ul><li>1898 Hawaii is annexed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Spanish American War <ul><li>Spain once was a powerful nation </li></ul><ul><li>By 1890’s Spain lost most of its colonies </li></ul><ul><li>US went to war </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help Cuba win Independents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to protect trade with Cuba </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Americans owned 50 million worth of property in Cuba </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Yellow Journalism writing exciting mostly untrue stories </li></ul>
  7. 7. USS Maine <ul><li>1898 USS Maine exploded in Cuban Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Killing most aboard </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper blames Spain for the incident “Remember the Maine” becomes battle cry </li></ul><ul><li>McKinley tried to avoid war but give in and ask Congress to declare war </li></ul>
  8. 8. Winning the Spanish American War <ul><li>First shot was fired in the Philippines which was Spanish colony </li></ul><ul><li>Commodore Dewey attacks and takes the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>TR resigns as assistant Sec. Navy to join fight in Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt led a group of volunteers called the Rough Riders </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rough Riders <ul><li>Capture San Juan Hill </li></ul><ul><li>On July 17, 1898 Spanish surrendered Santiago City, Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>Next Americans freed Puerto Rico </li></ul><ul><li>Aug. 1898 the Spanish surrendered and the war was over </li></ul><ul><li>American had won in less than four months losing 5,000 men from diseases and a few hundred killed in action </li></ul>
  10. 10. Victory <ul><li>US and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Spain to give Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam , and the Philippines to the US </li></ul>
  11. 11. China and the Open Door <ul><li>US wanted trade with China </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans divided China into spheres of control </li></ul><ul><li>1900 large group of Chinese rebel against European powers becomes Boxers Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>US helps Europeans to crush rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Sec State John Hay offers Open Door Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed all nations to trade with China </li></ul>