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The Second Industrial Revolution


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The Second Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>During the French Revolution who was safe from the Guillotine </li></ul><ul><li>No one was safe </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Second Industrial Revolution Objective: Cover the 2 nd I.R. and its contributions to the development of Mass Society
  3. 3. Industrial Revolution overview <ul><li>1 st I.R. textiles, coal, iron, and railroads were major elements </li></ul><ul><li>In the 2 nd I.R. steel, chemicals, electricity, and petroleum were major elements </li></ul>
  4. 4. New Products <ul><li>Steel: new shaping methods makes it useful to build lighter and faster machines </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity: major new form of energy used for heat, light, motion </li></ul><ul><li>First generators built in 1870 by 1910 hydroelectric power stations were common </li></ul>
  5. 5. More Inventions <ul><li>Thomas Edison invents light bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Graham Bell invents telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Marconi sends first radio waves across Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>Wright brothers take flight in North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Ford invents the Model T </li></ul>
  6. 6. New Patterns <ul><li>Assembly line production makes products quicker and cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Quicker and Cheaper = Mass Production </li></ul><ul><li>Mass production leads to mass markets; first department stores start to open </li></ul>
  7. 8. Organizing the Worker Class <ul><li>Industrialized society was very hard on workers </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to live in slums and work in dangerous conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Reformers push for change </li></ul>
  8. 9. Radical Reformers <ul><li>Karl Marx writes Communist Manifesto </li></ul><ul><li>Denounced new industrial economy </li></ul><ul><li>Believed a workers revolution would destroy Capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>All wealth would be distributed equally </li></ul>
  9. 10. Socialist Parties <ul><li>Marx inspired socialist parties </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist parties spread in popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist movement fails to bring change </li></ul>
  10. 11. Trade Unions <ul><li>Another option to the socialist </li></ul><ul><li>Goals to improve worker conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Workers negotiate with managers </li></ul><ul><li>If negotiations fail workers Strike </li></ul>
  11. 12. Conclusion / Review <ul><li>List Major elements of 1 st I.R. </li></ul><ul><li>List Major elements of 2 nd I.R. </li></ul><ul><li>List New Products </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Karl Marx </li></ul>