The Reconstruction Of The South

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The Reconstruction Of The South

  1. 1. The Reconstruction of the South Objective: To cover developments in the south during the Reconstruction Era
  2. 2. Lincoln’s Plan <ul><li>Reunite all of the states and rebuild country </li></ul><ul><li>Southern states can rejoin if…. </li></ul><ul><li>1/10 of voters pledge an oath of loyalty </li></ul>
  3. 3. Radical Republicans <ul><li>Hate Lincoln’s plan </li></ul><ul><li>Want to punish the south </li></ul><ul><li>They become furious when former Confederate leaders are elected to Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Outraged at passing of Black Codes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Black Codes <ul><li>Blacks can only be farmers or servants </li></ul><ul><li>Must carry special pass to travel </li></ul><ul><li>Can not vote </li></ul><ul><li>Can not serve on jury </li></ul>
  5. 5. Radicals Respond <ul><li>Pass Civil Rights Act 1866 </li></ul><ul><li>Said Blacks have equal rights under the law and are citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Passed 14 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>1. Said anyone born here is an American 2. States can not pass laws to take away rights 3. States had to give people Due Process </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1867 Reconstruction Act <ul><li>1. Any Government under Lincoln’s or Johnston plan will not be recognized </li></ul><ul><li>2. Confederate leaders can not vote or hold office </li></ul><ul><li>3. All White and Black men can vote and be elected </li></ul><ul><li>4. Southern states must write new constitution that guarantees Blacks right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>5. Southern States must ratify 14 th Amendment </li></ul>
  7. 7. President Johnston <ul><li>Tries to vetoed Reconstruction Act </li></ul><ul><li>Congress overrides vetoed with majority vote </li></ul><ul><li>Radicals Use High Crimes and Treason </li></ul><ul><li>Try to Impeach Johnston </li></ul><ul><li>Fail to impeach by just 1 vote </li></ul>
  8. 8. Gen. Grant As President <ul><li>Grant wins election thanks to the Black vote </li></ul><ul><li>Grant is poor President </li></ul><ul><li>Plague by many scandals </li></ul><ul><li>15 th Amendment passed </li></ul><ul><li>Can not deny a citizen the right to vote based on race </li></ul>
  9. 9. South During Reconstruction <ul><li>Three main groups Carpetbaggers, Scalawags, and Blacks </li></ul><ul><li>Carpetbaggers abuse power to become rich </li></ul><ul><li>Scalawags white republicans, small farmers, who wanted the power old plantation owners had </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks smallest group in government </li></ul>
  10. 10. Freedmen Bureau <ul><li>Gave clothes, food, medical care to poor blacks and whites </li></ul><ul><li>Open over 4,000 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Many hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>Several universities </li></ul><ul><li>Despite effort many blacks still poor and jobless </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sharecroppers <ul><li>Rented farmland from owner </li></ul><ul><li>Paid by giving over share of crops </li></ul><ul><li>Had to pay for tools, seeds, and farm animals </li></ul><ul><li>Very little was left over for family </li></ul><ul><li>Started cycle of poverty </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Domestic terror group </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by southern whites </li></ul><ul><li>To suppress Blacks and keep them from using their new rights </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for beating and killing many blacks and white sympathizers </li></ul>
  13. 13. Compromise of 1877 <ul><li>Hayes becomes President </li></ul><ul><li>Remove federal troops from the south </li></ul><ul><li>Use federal money to rebuild southern railroads </li></ul>
  14. 14. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>To Prevent Blacks from voting </li></ul><ul><li>Required to pay Poll Tax </li></ul><ul><li>Pass reading test </li></ul><ul><li>Grandfather Clause- if your grand-daddy voted in 1867 you don’t need to pay or pass test </li></ul><ul><li>Started Segregation- separating people in public based on race </li></ul>
  15. 15. Plessey V. Ferguson <ul><li>Supreme Court Decision that…. </li></ul><ul><li>Confirms Jim Crow Laws Separate but equal is O.K. </li></ul>

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