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The End Of The Civil War


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The End Of The Civil War

  1. 1. Bell Work Which enlightenment thinker had the greatest impact on the American Revolution?
  2. 2. The End Of The Civil War Objective: Cover Civil War from the Emancipation to Lincoln’s Assassination
  3. 3. Emancipation Proclamation <ul><li>Lincoln always thought slavery was wrong </li></ul><ul><li>After Antietam he took action </li></ul><ul><li>Granted Emancipation to all slaves in states that were in rebellion only </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery was still allowed in the union </li></ul>
  4. 4. Emancipation did three things <ul><li>1. Gave union soldiers two things to fight for end slavery and save the Union </li></ul><ul><li>2. Encouraged slaves to escape and join Union Army </li></ul><ul><li>3. Europeans decided not to help Confederates when they learn slavery was an issue </li></ul>
  5. 5. Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>Lincoln picks Mead to replace McClellan </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg is Lee’s last attempt at invading the north </li></ul><ul><li>75,000 confederates and 90,000 Union soldiers fight for three days </li></ul><ul><li>Union wins but at a heavy price </li></ul><ul><li>Mead waits too long and Lee’s Army escapes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Battle of Vicksburg <ul><li>Grant’s Army laid siege to city </li></ul><ul><li>People eat dogs and rats to survive </li></ul><ul><li>Finally surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Union has full control of Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate Army now to weak to win war </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point of the war </li></ul>
  7. 7. After Vicksburg <ul><li>Lincoln appoints Grant commander of all Union forces </li></ul><ul><li>Grant orders Gen. Sherman to attack Atlanta, Ga. </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman starts March to the sea </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sherman’s March to the Sea <ul><li>Sherman’s Army uses total war on south </li></ul><ul><li>Destroys everything in his path </li></ul><ul><li>Houses, Railroads, Livestock, crops, factories </li></ul><ul><li>Burn Atlanta to the ground and continue toward Savannah, GA on the coast </li></ul><ul><li>Sherman’s March breaks the back of the Confederacy </li></ul>
  9. 9. After the March <ul><li>Lincoln is reelected </li></ul><ul><li>Lee’s forces become surrounded </li></ul><ul><li>Lee surrenders to Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Grant gives food and supplies to Lee’s men </li></ul><ul><li>Allows them to return home with their horses and mules. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The War is over <ul><li>5 days after Lee surrenders Lincoln is assassinated </li></ul><ul><li>Over 620,000 Americans were killed </li></ul><ul><li>No other war in American history cost as many lives </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery was ended </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of secession was answered </li></ul>