Labor And Labor Unions

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Labor And Labor Unions

  1. 1. Objective: Cover the relationship between labor and labor unions
  2. 2. <ul><li>If your 16 or older, a citizen, and looking for work you are apart of the labor force </li></ul><ul><li>Members of the Armed Forces are not considered members of the labor force </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Not all workers make the same wage </li></ul><ul><li>The number of skills you have will affect the amount you get paid </li></ul><ul><li>In general more education equals more pay </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Some discrimination is legal </li></ul><ul><li>Owners can hire who ever they want </li></ul><ul><li>Some jobs require you to pass a test in order to be hired </li></ul><ul><li>Other kinds of discrimination is illegal </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal to discriminate based on race, religion, sex, or national origin. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Over a hundred years ago many people worked on farms </li></ul><ul><li>Soon large factories began to appear in cities </li></ul><ul><li>At first workers were not treated well </li></ul><ul><li>Workers pay was low </li></ul><ul><li>Work conditions were unsafe </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Workers responded by forming unions </li></ul><ul><li>The first union was Knights of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Members worked and 8 hour day </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to stop child labor </li></ul><ul><li>Workers used strikes to get what they wanted </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>AFL was only open to skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>By 1920 it had 4 million workers </li></ul><ul><li>CIO was open to all workers </li></ul><ul><li>In 1955 AFL and CIO joined together </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Has 13 million members </li></ul><ul><li>Members enjoy sick pay, paid holidays, vacation time, and insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Workers have a right to clean and safe work area </li></ul><ul><li>In 1945 over 35 million people belong to unions </li></ul><ul><li>Today fewer than 20 million belong to a union </li></ul>

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