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Growth And Sectionalism


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Growth And Sectionalism

  1. 1. Ch. 12 Growth And Sectionalism <ul><li>Objective: Cover American History from the 1820’s to the 1830’s </li></ul>
  2. 2. Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Started in Britain in the 1700s </li></ul><ul><li>Shifted production from homes to factories </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Slater builds first factory in America </li></ul><ul><li>1793 Eli Whitney invents Cotton Gin </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sectionalism <ul><li>Each section of the country forms its own identity North, South, and West </li></ul><ul><li>By 1820 Three Issues divide country Tariffs, Railroads, Slavery </li></ul>
  4. 4. Tariffs <ul><li>Is a tax placed on foreign goods </li></ul><ul><li>North and West wanted tariffs because they produced American goods </li></ul><ul><li>South didn’t want them because they trade more overseas. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Railroads <ul><li>North and West wanted to use federal money to build railroads to get their goods to market </li></ul><ul><li>South didn’t because they had plenty of rivers to move their goods to market </li></ul>
  6. 6. Slavery <ul><li>Slave Trade ended 1808 </li></ul><ul><li>Buying and selling domestic slaves still legal </li></ul><ul><li>North and South begin to argue over whether new states should be free or slave states </li></ul>
  7. 7. Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Slavery almost tore the nation apart in 1820 </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri wants to join the union as a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>Would end balance of 11 free and 11 slave states in congress </li></ul>
  8. 8. Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Henry Clay offers a compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Lets Missouri join as a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>If Maine could join as a free state </li></ul><ul><li>Line drawn from Missouri’s southern border across the west </li></ul><ul><li>Any states to the north are free </li></ul><ul><li>Any states to the south are slave </li></ul>
  9. 9. Election Of Andrew Jackson <ul><li>Becomes President in 1828 </li></ul><ul><li>Removes ownership of property in order to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Enacts Spoils system </li></ul><ul><li>Giving jobs to people who supported him </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nullification <ul><li>John Calhoun believes in states rights </li></ul><ul><li>That any state can nullify any law they think unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson strongly disagrees “Our Union It must be preserved” </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina tries to nullify tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson threatens to send in the army </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trail of Tears <ul><li>1830 Congress passes Indian Removal Act </li></ul><ul><li>Forces all Indians to move west of the Mississippi river </li></ul><ul><li>Army forces 100,000 to leave </li></ul><ul><li>Cherokee takes their case to Supreme Court and win </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson refuses to obey the courts decision </li></ul>