Greeks And Romans Part21

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Greeks And Romans Part21

  1. 1. Greeks and Romans Part 2 Objective: Cover the development of Greek philosophy and the Roman Empire
  2. 2. The Greek Love of Wisdom
  3. 3. Socrates <ul><li>Develop Socratic Method </li></ul><ul><li>Question and Answer format </li></ul><ul><li>The unexamined life is not worth living </li></ul><ul><li>The individual’s ability to reason was an important contribution of Greek thought </li></ul>
  4. 4. Plato <ul><li>Student of Socrates </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the greatest Western philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Plato thinks a perfect government is ruled by the wisest </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal State has three groups Rulers, Warriors, and Commoners </li></ul><ul><li>Established school call the Academy </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aristotle <ul><li>Student of Plato </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of interest including ethics, logic, politics, poetry, astronomy, geology, biology, and physics </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle study government and found three forms where best: Monarchy, Aristocracy, and Constitutional governments. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Greeks <ul><li>Principal source of Western culture </li></ul><ul><li>Provides foundations of philosophy, rational method of inquiry, roots of western literature </li></ul><ul><li>Western political ideas </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Roman State <ul><li>Distrusted Kingship </li></ul><ul><li>Two groups Patricians and Plebeians </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Executive officers Consuls and Praetors </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Senate passed laws </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Law most important contribution to Western Society </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pax Romana <ul><li>Roman Peace A.D. 14 to A.D. 180 </li></ul><ul><li>Romans were masters of the Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Trade expanded </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity expanded </li></ul><ul><li>Latin was the official language </li></ul>
  9. 9. Christianity <ul><li>Persecution of Christians began under Nero </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution strengthened Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine became the first Christine Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Romans and Christians both believed in virtue, devotion to community and state </li></ul>
  10. 10. Magna Carta <ul><li>1066 William of Normandy became king demanded loyalty to the king </li></ul><ul><li>Henry II greatly expanded royal courts power developed a body of common law </li></ul><ul><li>Resenting the monarchy’s power the nobles rebel against King John </li></ul><ul><li>Forced King John to sign Magna Carta </li></ul>
  11. 11. Magna Carta <ul><li>Great Charter </li></ul><ul><li>Gave written recognition to mutual rights and obligations between lord and nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the idea that monarchs had limited power </li></ul><ul><li>Support the idea of trial by jury </li></ul>

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