Glorious Revolution

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Glorious Revolution

  1. 1. Glorious Revolution
  2. 2. Back Ground <ul><li>One of three great revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>In 16 th & 17 th centuries most countries were ruled by absolute rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Divine right of kings: Kings not accountable to citizens only to God </li></ul><ul><li>In England Monarchs realized having the support of Parliament was good </li></ul>
  3. 3. Back Ground <ul><li>King Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth regularly consulted Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>King James I tried to reestablish an absolute monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Reign was referred to as the Eleven Years’ of Tyranny 1629-1640 </li></ul><ul><li>1642 Civil War broke out </li></ul>
  4. 4. King Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth <ul><li>Act of Supremacy </li></ul><ul><li>Made Henry the head of the church of England </li></ul><ul><li>Shocking act of defiance to the Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Under Elizabeth Protestants became powerful in England </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans wanted a more free form of government </li></ul>
  5. 5. Civil War <ul><li>Oliver Cromwell wins war </li></ul><ul><li>Purges Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Sets up dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>Rules until death 1658 </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament restores monarchy, church and keeps most of the power </li></ul>
  6. 6. Glorious Revolution <ul><li>1685 James II becomes King (Catholic) </li></ul><ul><li>Names Catholics to high positions in government </li></ul><ul><li>English noblemen invite the Dutch leader William of Orange to invade England </li></ul><ul><li>William and Mary raise an army and invade King James flees the country </li></ul>
  7. 7. Glorious Revolution <ul><li>Almost with no violence England has its Glorious Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>With Parliament’s blessing William and Mary accept the throne of England </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bill of Rights <ul><li>Parliament’s right to make laws and levy taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Can only raise an army with Parliament’s consent </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens right to bear arms </li></ul><ul><li>Trial by Jury </li></ul>
  9. 9. John Locke <ul><li>Two Treaties of Government </li></ul><ul><li>Argue against absolute rule of one person </li></ul><ul><li>Believed in the Natural Rights of Humans </li></ul><ul><li>Locke’s ideas were very important to American and French Revolutions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Results of Glorious Revolution <ul><li>Parliament destroyed the divine right theory of kingship </li></ul>

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