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Decline Soviet Union


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Decline Soviet Union

  1. 1. Bell Work <ul><li>How did the Allies deal with the Soviet Blockade of Berlin? </li></ul><ul><li>They use airplanes to resupply the city this become known as the Berlin Airlift </li></ul>
  2. 2. Objective : Cover the gradual decline of the Soviet Union
  3. 3. <ul><li>After 1964 the Soviet Union went through a series of leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Brezhnev Doctrine stated the Soviet Union had the right to intervene anywhere communism is threatened </li></ul><ul><li>Brezhnev benefited from détente (improved relations between U.S. and U.S.S.R.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Soviet economy suffered because of gross inefficiency and indifference </li></ul><ul><li>Collective farmers had no reason to work hard </li></ul><ul><li>1979 Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan and President Carter responds by boycotting the Moscow Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>President Reagan called the Soviet Union an “Evil Empire” and backs Afghani rebels </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Premier Gorbachev begins Perestroika (restructuring) </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev’s new thinking led to the end of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>After Gorbachev stops giving aid to communist nations a peaceful revolution sweeps Eastern Europe </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Nationalistic forces in satellite countries called for independence from Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Hard-Liners attempt a coup against Gorbachev </li></ul><ul><li>Coup fails and Gorbachev is reinstalled </li></ul><ul><li>Gorbachev then steps down and Yeltsin becomes first non-communist leader </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Boris Yeltsin faced economic and social disorder and a major increase in organized crime as well as a war in Chechnya </li></ul><ul><li>Yeltsin is replaced by Vladimir Putin who takes a hard-line against Chechnya </li></ul><ul><li>Sept. 2004 rebels seized a school and held hostages when Russian troops stormed the building, rebels killed all 300 hostages </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>1990 communist party collapses </li></ul><ul><li>A three way war begins between Bosnia, Serbians, Croatians </li></ul><ul><li>Slobodan Milosevic leader of the Serbs begins “Ethnic Cleansing” of the Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>N.A.T.O. sides with the Muslims and begins an Air Campaign </li></ul>